The Strait of Magellan. History of discovery

Date:

2018-03-17 18:20:56

Views:

342

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Strait of Magellan – the picturesque world of glaciers and rocks, which opened and passed for the first time from October 21 to November 28, 1520. Until then, until it was built the Panama canal, the Strait crucial to world trade. Still it is used by ships that round the southern side of South America. The Pacific and Atlantic oceans are connected it is at this point, however this route has gone down in history as unpredictable and complex. In some places the Strait of Magellan is very narrow, given the strong winds and currents, the passage may be unsafe. In our days everyone can see the extraordinary places that have seen the early explorers. Many cruise companies of America offer a trip along the famous Strait and explore the picturesque coast, covered with rocks and glaciers.

Ferdinand Magellan-Explorer and discoverer, was born into a noble family in 1480. He received an excellent education, was fascinated by astronomy, he studied cosmography and navigation. From his youth his dream was to open a new route to "spice Islands". He was the first who developed the plan of the expedition. When the Portuguese king did not approve of his intentions, he decided to enlist the support of the Spanish monarch Charles V. Thus, in 1519, Ferdinand Magellan with five Spanish ships sailed from the Kingdom. The Navigator never left the belief that somewhere there is another route to Asia, West.

All saints ' Day, in November 1520, a violent storm drove the ships in the narrow Strait, which was bordered by cliffs and glaciers. Then the team were not even aware of how difficult the journey lay ahead of her. They sailed almost 600 km through the Strait, which was named by Magellan “the Strait of all saints" and a little later the king renamed it the Strait of Magellan in honor of the famous and brave Explorer.

Recommended

"Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness": the value, meaning and alternatives

There are some sayings that would seem to need no explanation, such as “teaching & ndash; light and ignorance – darkness”. But some still do not understand their meaning. But not only for such people is written by our article. I...

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

D. I. Mendeleev was a brilliant Russian scientist-polymath, who made many important discoveries in various fields of science and technology. Many people know that he is the author of “Fundamentals of chemistry" and the periodic law of chem...

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

Slavs (under this name), according to some researchers, appeared in the story only in 6 century ad. However, the language of nationality bears the archaic features of the Indo-European community. This, in turn, suggests that the origin of the Slavs h...

For years, the discoverer was the only captain who managed to pass the Strait without loss. None of his ship was wrecked. Also he is the first who crossed from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

Strait of Magellan were for a long time the most important a short way and  trade route between the West coast of America and Europe. To colonize coastal lands did not succeed, although Spain tried to master this territory. An acute shortage of food and harsh climatic conditions have led to tragedies. Only in the 19th century, the colonization was successful. The Strait of Magellan controlled by Chilean authorities. In 1848, there was founded the port city of Punta arenas, which until the opening in 1914 the Panama canal was one of the most important ports in the world.

The Strait is located between mainland South America and the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. It is almost completely located in the territorial waters of Chile, only the Eastern side belongs to Argentina. Its length is almost 570 km and a width of 2 km in narrow spaces and up to 20 km in the widest.

One of the most significant events in the history of the XVI century are the voyages of Ferdinand Magellan. He was able to prove that the Earth is spherical in shape. Opened the passage from the Atlantic, and the Europeans were the first to cross the largest ocean - the Pacific ocean. Also during the expedition was refuted speculation of Columbus that the land occupies most of the surface of the Earth. Magellan found that everything is exactly the opposite. He left a great mark in history, his heroism was imitated and admired. All the records in the course of the trip, were led by A. Pigafetta, who in this expedition was attended as a volunteer. His historical notes are characterized by a precision of presentation and are accompanied by  special explanations.






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

The South pole and his conquest. What latitude is the South pole?

The South pole and his conquest. What latitude is the South pole?

On the planet, there are two points which are most remote from the equator line. This is the North pole and South pole. And if the first is in the middle of the frozen ocean, the second is in the firmament of the mainland. He is d...

Institute of applied physics RAS (IAP RAS), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia: structure, Director, research directions

Institute of applied physics RAS (IAP RAS), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia: structure, Director, research directions

this article will talk about the Institute of applied physics RAS. This institution of higher education, which has an interesting history. We will discuss various structural changes that took place here, and try to form an objecti...

What is normal atmospheric pressure

What is normal atmospheric pressure

the Atmosphere – a dynamic membrane, which is constantly changing – both seasonal and diurnal. Man, long time living in one place usually does not feel these changes, as the body is able in a timely manner for them to ...