Institute of applied physics RAS (IAP RAS), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia: structure, Director, research directions

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2018-03-17 18:20:19

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This article will talk about the Institute of applied physics RAS. This institution of higher education, which has an interesting history. We will discuss various structural changes that took place here, and try to form an objective opinion about the University.

First meeting

Let's Start with the fact that the Institute of applied physics RAS was founded in 1976 by A. Gaponov-by Grachevym. Then he created a school on the basis of the RRI. Currently discussing the institution is one of the largest academic institutions of Nizhny Novgorod, which involved more than 1,000 employees.

Beginning in the fall of 2017, G. Denisov, a member-correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences, serves as the acting Director. However, the position of the supervisor of the University owned by A. Litvak.Institute of applied physics Russian Academy of Sciences

The Main directions of the study – plasma physics, radio physics, acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, nonlinear optics, laser physics. At the moment the Institute has 5 full members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2 professors and 7 corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

There are two branches that are also located in this city. Is Institute of mechanical engineering and Institute for physics of microstructures. Note that if the University has a publishing house.

Historical information

Consider the history of the Institute of applied physics RAS. It was established in April 1977 on the basis of some divisions of the radiophysical research Institute, which at that time was leading research Institute in Gorky. Talented academician A. Gaponov-Grekhov has put forward this idea and became Director of the newly created University. In 2003, the Director was A. Litvak, who previously headed the first branch of the IPF. Known to us by A. Gaponov-Grekhov moved to another position, namely – at the position of the supervisor. However, after 2 years, i.e. in 2005, he left this work and became an adviser to the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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In 2013, the Institute of applied physics RAS, like other universities, was placed in the hands of the Federal Agency of scientific organizations. In 2015, when A. Litvak was a supervisor, Director was A. Sergeyev.

This year was significant for the IAP because there was a reorganization in the Federal research center. From 2016, it still joined the Institute of mechanical engineering and Institute for physics of microstructures.IAP

After 2017, was elected Director of the University, A. Sergeev publicly stated that resigning for personal reasons, but he asked to keep his workplace. As we already know, acting Director of Denisov.

Structure of the IAP RAS

Let's Talk a little bit about the structural division. Let's start with the fact that the overall development strategy defines the scientific Council, which consists of 50 members, regularly elected. The Institute has 4 key areas, namely: Department of electronics and plasma physics, geophysical research, optics and nonlinear dynamics, centre for hydroacoustics.

However, in addition, the Institute also includes additional education, such as pilot production, the Council of young specialists and scientists, the purchasing Department and automation research, social, economic, planning and Finance departments, scientific organizational Department, scientific-educational center and engineering division.

Electronics and plasma physics

The Institute of applied physics RAS in Nizhny Novgorod, valid for the above named branch of the plasma physics and electronics. Its Director is corresponding member Denisov. This Department is one of the largest. It includes a total of 7 departments, and several research laboratories. List the departments: plasma physics, relativistic electronics, electronic devices, nonlinear electrodynamics, astrophysics, radio receiving apparatus, the plasma technology.Institute of applied physics RAS Nizhny Novgorod

Geophysics

The Department of geophysical studies is under the direction of corresponding member of RAE E. Mareeva. Includes all 5 sections: microwave diagnostics, electrodynamics, acoustics, nonlinear processes, radiophysical methods. This is the second office, which is developing quite actively and regularly.

Optics and acoustics

The Department of nonlinear dynamics and optics by A. Khazanov, a member-correspondent of Russian Academy of Sciences. This direction is quite voluminous, as the structure includes 8 departments: laser systems, microwave spectroscopy, radiophysical methods in medicine, laser optics, ultrafast processes, nanooptics, diagnostics of optical materials and nonlinear dynamics.

The Center of hydroacoustics headed by P. Korotin. This is the small direction, which consists of 3 departments: ocean acoustics, physical acoustics, experimental instrument.Sergeev Alexander Mikhailovich IAP

Research Areas

Consider the direction of research in the Institute of applied physics RAS (Nizhny Novgorod). One of them is electronics of high power. The objectives here involved the creation of sources of electromagnetic radiation, which would be coherent and had a centimeter frequency bands. While globally the possibility of using electron beam.

One of the most famous instruments that have been developed within these walls, is the gyrotron. This is a heavy duty microwave emitter, which is designed to heat the plasma during the process of thermonuclear fusion.

Region electrodynamics plasma

The Second important direction of research – electrodynamics of plasma. In this area takes a lot of research at the Institute. Most attention is paid to the distribution and diffraction of waves in plasma. Also here studying the processes of interaction of radiation with the medium of the plasma. In consideration of these issues is carried out and how the problem of microwave radiation, but rather its interaction, and problems of radiation substances powerful lasers to generate in the laboratory of x-ray radiation.IAP Denisov

Note that a very large number of studies aimed at the study of astrophysical plasma. Also discusses geophysical electrodynamics, which is an important problem of the earth's electricity, namely – the formation of thunderstorms. Actively conducting research of matter in extreme States.

Radiophysical diagnostics

The Third important direction of research – the radiophysical methods of diagnostics. They are essentially a traditional field of study for IAP. Denisov largely contributes to the development of this direction. Already known methods of diagnosis used in different areas.

For Example, microwave diagnostics, that is, the irradiation of the measuring range, is used for sensing the environment, the study of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, to study hot plasmas and properties of materials. Also, this method is applicable in the field of radio astronomy. Simultaneously, the diagnosis of radar and optical needed and used in the study of the ocean. There are even some unique developments of measuring instruments.

Acoustic waves are used to detect any defects in design, diagnostics of terrestrial rocks and biological tissues.Director of the IAP RAS

Acoustic waves

The Following field of study – a theoretical and experimental study on the influence of low-frequency acoustic waves. The question of their distribution in the ocean is key to the Institute since its creation. While scientists IPF proved that the ocean may be a waveguide channel, which will perceive the acoustic mode. The researchers began the design and modeling of such channels. At the moment we are working in the field of influence of various random factors on the whole process.

Another important question – dynamics of nonlinear processes. The Institute of applied physics RAS in Nizhny Novgorod conducted fundamental work in the field of dynamics of wave processes. The scientists also solve problems concerning the propagation of waves in dispersive media. Addresses the issues of nonlinear oscillations in the ocean, and exactly how excited waves and turbulence.

Scientists engaged in modeling of these processes in the laboratory with unique facilities such as the circular wave pool. Another direction of research concerns the specifics of the propagation of sound waves in the liquid and gas environments. Actively developing a new direction, namely – neurodynamics. Scientists are exploring the properties of neural networks, their relationship.separation of geophysical research

The Last important thing that we consider is laser physics. In this field research is being conducted on principles of radiation generation and the creation of new systems that would have unique settings. Thanks to the parametric amplification of light here was created by femtosecond laser system – the first such equipment in our country. Its capacity allows to extend the range of studies. Able to develop effective lasers in the infrared range, which are based on crystals. At the same time...






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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