What is transcription, its characters and the correct pronunciation in the English language


2018-03-17 17:20:55




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English is one of the most important, his family say more than 500 million people, and still the same do it to a greater or lesser extent. Starting to learn English in the first place we are confronted with the development of the vocabulary of the language, its grammar and of course pronunciation. How to read the word correctly, especially if his writing is clearly different from the sound indicate? This will help you transcription. What is transcription, its designation and ways of reading, you'll learn from our article. After careful consideration, you will easily be able to pronounce even the most difficult words and use a dictionary and learning materials, where it is widely used.

what is transcription

So what is transcription

If you take the scientific definition, it is the system of recording marks and rules for their combination that is designed to record the correct pronunciation of a word. That is, we write one, but the sound obtained is quite another. Learn the signs of English transcription, as well as the underlying typed, you can easily master any text written in English. Indeed, in this language, as in Russian, it often happens that the words are spelled differently than pronounced, and sometimes you just need to learn them the correct reading to avoid mistakes in the future.

Basic signs and rules of reading the English transcription

the signs of English transcriptionTo pass the correct pronunciation of English words was invented phonetic alphabet, the sounds are designated by special phonetic signs. Keep in mind, despite the fact that letters in the English language 26, of sounds in it - as much as 44. Therefore for better absorption of the language should pay close attention. In General, the transfer of pronunciation exists in any language, therefore, use different signs for not only English, but, for example, for the transcription of Russian words. It is very convenient, given that the rules are pretty standard, and noting them carefully, you will be able to transmit sound of any language unit. Knowing what is transcription anyway, let's get down to it. Further, the rules of reading vowels, douglasii and consonants.


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Read vowel sounds correctly

I ː is a long, percussive vowel sound "I", for example: tea, the sea;
ɪ - short and unstressed (but sometimes there may be an impact) sound between Russian "and" and "s", examples - bit, business;
æ - pronounced as a clear and percussive sound, similar to something between "a" and "e", for example: cat, rat;
ɑː - a long, deep sound "a", examples - car, heart;
ɔː A long and open "o", read the words sort, board;
ʊ is a very short sound of "u", for example: put, could;
U ː - on the contrary, long, slightly softened sound of "u", for example - fool, shoes;
ʌ is sounding closer to the shock sound "a", for example: up, couple;
ɜ ː - bit long sound between "e" and "o" read - her, turn;
ə - short, not quite intelligible sound "a" words until, alias;
E Slightly softened by the sound of "e", for example: bed, head;
ɒ - Sound similar to something between "o" and "a", in the words of the rock body.

Rules of reading dvuglavyj sounds (diphthongs)

transcription of Russian wordsEɪ - slightly relaxed "Hey", for example: tray, make;
Aɪ - read as just "AI", in the words sky, buy and so on;
ɔɪ pronounced as "Oh", for example: joy, boy;
ɪə - something between "ie" and "iy", for example: fear, here;
The sound of "EA," where the last "a" is unstressed in the words hair, there and so on;
ʊə A long sound of "u", after which you hear a muffled "a," for example: Tour, poor;
Aʊ - slightly reduced the sound "AU" in the words of trousers, hour;
əʊ - also a little soft, "Oh", such as joke, go.

Read consonants

P - clear, punchy sound "p", examples - parking, open;
B - clear, sloah board, abandon;
T - sound "t", but his pronunciation of the language set slightly higher than making similar Russian sound, for example: trunk, receipt;
D - clear "d" in the add words, advertising;
K - sound in words like cord, school;
G - is pronounced similarly to a Russian "g", for example: grace, agree;
Tʃ - again, a little softer sound of "CH" in the words chance, catch;
Dʒ - strong the impact sound between "h" and "W" usually in Russian language it is passed as John Jackson, for example: jungle logic;
F - the same as Russian "f", for example: fool, enough;
V is read simply as "in", for example: vocal, voice;
θ - difficult enough in the pronunciation of the sound try lightly clamp the tongue between the teeth and pronounce "s" or "f", for example: thanks, ethnic;
ð - the rule of pronunciation is the same as the previous sound, try to pronounce with the voice of "z" or "V", for example: there is this;
S - sound, almost identical to the Russian "C", in the words of the sunday, east;
Z - pronunciation close to the Russian "z", for example: zebra, resign;
ʃ - also close to the Russian "sh", only a bit softer, in the words of shine, action;
ʒ - just a soft sound "j", for example: visual, usual;
H - sound "x", softly spoken on the exhale, for example: head, hill;
M - just the sound "m", for example: mother, mouse;
N - is pronounced almost the same as Russian "h", only the language raised a little higher to the sky, in the words of the note, knowledge;
ŋ - sound "h" is clearly pronounced "nose", for example sing, reading
L - similar to the Russian "l" but not soft or hard, but rather, something average, for example: laughter, legal;
R - sound between "R" and "l", moreover, relaxed in random order;
J - sound, very close to the Russian "th", for example: yet, you;
W - short sound pronounced between "u" and "V", in the words what, where, one.

These were the main signs of the transmission of English pronunciation. After examining them carefully and already know what transcription is, now you can read any English word.


Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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