Muscles of the shoulder girdle belong to the group of muscles of the upper limb. First and foremost, these include the muscles: supraspinatus, small round, infraspinatus, deltoid, subscapularis and large round. They are located around the shoulder joint, thereby helping it to move. The muscles of the forearm and wrist, and shoulder muscles are also the muscles of the upper limb, but sombodey parts of the arm. The muscles of the forearm are divided into two groups: the front and rear. In front is the surface layer, deep layer and two additional. Muscles of forearm superficial layer of the anterior group include:
1. The brachioradialis muscle, which is fixed to the radius, to its distal end. It leads to flexion of the forearm and helps the brush to a position intermediate between Michaud and supination.
2. Pronator round, which is fixed to the bone beam to its middle third, and participates in the crook of the forearm.
3. The radial flexor of the wrist attached to the beginning of the second metacarpal bone. He controls the bend of the brush and part of it proniruet.
4. The ulnar flexor of the wrist, consisting of two heads - humeral and ulnar. He manages both flexion and bring the brush.
5. Long Palmar muscle involved in flexing the wrist and tense the Palmar aponeurosis.
6. The superficial flexor of the fingers, flexes the II-V fingers of the middle phalanx and also participates in the bending of the brush.
The forearm Muscles related to the deep layer of the front panel include:
1. The long flexor of the thumb is large, which participates in the crook of the hand and, in addition, Flex the distal phalanx of the thumb.
2. The deep finger flexor, which bends and distal phalanx II-V fingers and the brush.
3. Pronator square, proniruet forearm.
Muscles of the forearm posterior group has two layers - superficial and deep. Deep layer belonging to the rear group includes:
1. Arch support that is placed on the muscle surface and Spinneret forearm.
2. Long muscle which moves the finger brush large and full brush.
3. The short extensor of the big finger on the hand attached to the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb. He and finger great on the brush removes, and extends the proximal phalanx.
4. The long extensor of the big finger on the hand attached to the base of the distal phalanx on the thumb. It leads to the straightening of the fingers is large and partially removes it.
5. The extensor of the index finger, is fixed on the proximal phalanx on the index finger from the back side. It extends, respectively, the index finger.
The Surface layer belonging to the rear group includes:
1. Extensor muscle of wrist, radial, long, fixed to the beginning of the second metacarpal bone on the back side. He's quite a bit of Flex the forearm together with wrist radial flexor brush extends and removes it.
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2. Extensor muscle of wrist, radial, short attached to the beginning of the third metacarpal bone on the back side and performs the function extension brush.
3. The extensor digitorum is a muscle belly, passing first into four tendons, which in turn transformirovalsya in stretching the tendon fixed to the base of the distal phalanx and middle the II-V fingers. The function of the extension and the fingers and hand.
4. The extensor of the little finger, attached to the base of middle and distal phalanges on the fifth toe. It extends the little finger.
5. Extensor muscle of wrist, ulnar recorded at the beginning of the fifth metacarpal. He brush extends and leads her. Thanks to all of the above muscles, and possible movement in the joints of the wrist and elbow, as well as in the joints of the fingers.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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