The first railway appeared in Russia in the 19th century

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2018-03-19 09:15:08

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At the end of the eighteenth century the brothers Frolovs created for industrial purposes one of the large enterprises a new form of transport, representing the cars that moved on rails course. Rail transport in its modern sense appeared a little later, in 1825, in England. As for our country, the first railway in Russia was built under the leadership of an Austrian engineer von Gerstner. This idea was supported personally by the Nicholas I, which was signed on 15 April 1836 the corresponding decree. According to this document the country had started construction of the so called Tsarskoye Selo railway.

the First railway in RussiaFunds for construction were provided by count Bobrinsky himself von Gerstner, as well as other individuals who represented Russian, American and German capital. The first railway in Russia was supposed to connect St. Petersburg and Tsarskoye Selo. It should be noted that later the branch was extended by 700 metres to Pavlovsk. Work on the construction of the project started on 1 may 1836. For track width was chosen equal to 1829 mm, despite the fact that in European countries the value of this index was 1435 mm. to organize a pass horse-drawn wagons on the line were constructed the number of crossings. The first Russian railway have received the Belgian rails, each unit of which had a minimum length of 3.7 m and a maximum — 6,9 m. Traffic has been opened on 30 October 1837. This date went down in history as the beginning of regular rail transport in our country.

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Rolling stock was purchased in Belgium and England. By the day of his opening of the first railway in Russia could boast of having six engines with design changes dictated a different track width, 44 passenger and 19 freight cars. The first domestic trains were equipped cars, divided into four classes. The most convenient of them were coaches who had covered the body. On their soft seats at the same time could accommodate eight people. Everyone else could carry ten passengers. Regardless of the class lighting and heating in the cars was missing.the First Russian railroad

15 Mar 1838 in action was first introduced the train schedule, according to which their performance started at 9.00 a.m. and ended at 22-00. The time interval between them, the average was four hours. The first railway in Russia was single-track, so in its Central part were equipped with patrol, allowed to carry out the crossing of trains, which depart from the terminal stations at the same time. The average time spent in transit — 42 minutes. In the summer of 1876 on the site there was a second main path. This significantly improved the driving safety and riding from start to finish was reduced to 32 minutes. 2 Jan 1900 Tsarskoye Selo line became part of the Moscow-Vindavo-Rybinsk railway, which has ceased to be independent. Then the width of its gauge was changed to standard, amounting to 1524 mm.the Construction of Railways in Russia

The Construction of Railways in Russia, which began to develop rapidly after the appearance of the Tsarskoe Selo branch, required qualified professionals. The first domestic institution of the corresponding profile was the Corps of engineers of routes of communication. Its graduates took an active part in the construction of Railways connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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