Participial and adverbial-participial turnover: exercises, rules, punctuation marks


2018-03-19 08:55:28




1Like 0Dislike


Many students ask: what is the participle and gerund, what is the difference between participial and adverbial-participial turnover? Exercises to find separate definitions and circumstances presented in the article. It also provides information about the forms of the verb. Involved and adverbial-participial turnover exercise

Verbs and special verb forms

The Verb is in the language leading part of the speech, which informs about the processes and actions happening around. Together with the noun it is included in the grammatical framework of the sentence: The Boy swims. The house is built; and one verb sentences independently of their predictive basis: See! Look. It was too late. Call him. gerund and participial turnover

If we consider sentences with involved and adverbial-participial turnover, you will notice that they contain several words that reflect the process, participles or gerunds. And those and others are verbal forms, the participle is similar to an adjective, has the same paradigm of declension and answering questions adjectives: what kind? what? and others, and the gerund with an adverb, as also is the invariant part of the speech, and answers the basic questions about adverbs: how? how?

Participles are formed from verbs using the suffix -arg-,-.-, -usch-,-yusch-, -HS-, -s-, -Ann-, -NN-, -t-: A flashy, looking, carrying, empty, living, marching, certain, said, sung. Gerunds using the suffix-a-, -I-, -Yuchi, -teach -, -, - Shea-, -lice-: shouting, sapeva, playing, riding, watching, bringing, met.

Example: Flooded the whole garden, the grass grew thickly, making it impossible to grow the crops. In this proposal are the four different verb forms: Grew - verb, past tense, feminine, Grow - the infinitive, Sweep the sacrament Giving is the gerund. You can replace the adjective participle and the gerund - adverb: The Green grass grew thickly, and the opportunity to grow the cultivated plants were few. the proposal remained the main point, but lost additional actions that reflect involved and adverbial-participial turnover. Exercises from the table below will help you learn to find the verb forms and to distinguish them from each other. sentences with involved and adverbial-participial turnover


"Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness": the value, meaning and alternatives

There are some sayings that would seem to need no explanation, such as “teaching & ndash; light and ignorance – darkness”. But some still do not understand their meaning. But not only for such people is written by our article. I...

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

D. I. Mendeleev was a brilliant Russian scientist-polymath, who made many important discoveries in various fields of science and technology. Many people know that he is the author of “Fundamentals of chemistry" and the periodic law of chem...

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

Slavs (under this name), according to some researchers, appeared in the story only in 6 century ad. However, the language of nationality bears the archaic features of the Indo-European community. This, in turn, suggests that the origin of the Slavs h...

Exercises for finding verb forms

From the text, write three participlesThere was a thunderstorm, accompanied by terrifying thunder and fiery lightning. Mike, as taught by his grandfather, hiding under a Bush, located in a valley. Suddenly he heard a strong clap of thunder and then a sound like the hiss of a snake. This lightning hit a tree about ten steps from the Forester's house.
From the text write down all the gerundsWithout lifting his eyes, Yasha looked at dawn. Somehow, in this time of day he always wanted, standing on the loft and looking into the distance, to think about eternity. He wondered why birds fly so beautifully, he was concerned with the question of the origin of the Sun, thinking about the distant countries, hoping to travel.

Gerund as a separate definition

Involved a turnover is called the design of the sacrament with a dependent word. So, the sentence: A Blooming garden was beautiful - without a participial phrase and the sentence: Blooming at the cottage garden was beautiful is a gerund, because the sacrament is a dependent word: Flowering (where?) dacha.

Building rpm involved can be different, but this syntactic unit is necessarily a participle with dependent words.

Participial requires separation, if it is after the main word: Fungi, recruited the whole family, now lying on the bench under the pine tree; if it depends on the personal pronouns are: Dreaming of a trip to Congo, he was issued a visa -, or has an additional concessive, or causal meaning: Tired of noisy visitors, Lena Barely made it home. detached participial turnover

Errors in the use of rpm involved

In speech, participial, errors can be allowed as punctuation and grammar. Punctuation errors occur when the wrong definition of the boundaries of syntactic units, with a careless reading of the proposals involved a turnover and in the absence of theoretical knowledge about the conditions of his separation.

The Grammatical error in the use of rpm involved are primarily associated with the inappropriate use of a participial phrase in the sentence and the incorrect agreement of the sacrament with the word. For example: North basketball club came to his hometown, well played championship. (to be Correct: North basketball club, well played championship came to his hometown). building rpm involved

Participial turnover as a separate circumstance

Adverbial participle with dependent words are called participial turnover. Gerund and participial turnover always isolated. Their separation by commas is not dependent on the location relative to the main word. For example: They came without warning. Galya, seeing a beautiful bouquet in his hands, immediately calmed down. Listening, nick was taking notes. Does Not require segregation, only those gerunds that are included in the composition of phraseologisms: Carelessly, he worked the entire season. The child listened with bated breath Or passed in adverbs: Toll read slowly. He was angry, not joking. participial error

Involved and adverbial-participial turnover: exercises

The table below shows the number of jobs being separate members that are expressed or involved in participial turnover.

From the text write separate participial turnoverMary, turning to give her cards, remember your first birthday party. It was her seventh birthday. Mom baked rolls and pies to Masha regaled their classmates. She was happy to organize a tea party for all the children who greeted her at the threshold of the school with a huge basket of fruit.
Among the proposals to find the one that is involved in trafficking.
  • The cat that scared the chickens hid under the nest.
  • Fisher perch, returned to shore.
  • Anna, my downstairs neighbor, worked in a sanatorium.
From the text, write the gerund and the participial turnover.Jumping from a high tree, Pasha ran to the pond. Here he met his friends. Having bathed, they began to tell each other stories that happened to them this year.

Involved and adverbial-participial turnover (exercise from the table confirm this) make suggestions the value of the additional steps. They, being separate members, only accompany the basic process is enclosed in the predicate.

Involved and adverbial-participial phrase: examples from the literature

Suggestions with involved and adverbial-participial turnover often found in works of art. the "the Ocean, going outside the walls was terrible, Low and paused, knocking the whip stuck to the horse's large, gloomy said" (I. A. Bunin). the "from morning to morning was relentless little... rain turns the clay roads and paths in solid thick mud..." (A. Kuprin). the "Covered with frost, and they went to obscure, illuminated by distance..." (V. G. Korolenko).


Article in other languages:













Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

The relationship of words in the phrase. Communication words

The relationship of words in the phrase. Communication words

In this article we will talk about what is the relationship of words in the phrase, what types of them exist, how they differ from each other. This theme requires some terminological clarification.In particular, in order to unders...

Russian folk riddles for kids and adults

Russian folk riddles for kids and adults

a Riddle is a special kind of wit, which at all times paid attention to in society. This part of the folklore actively used for learning, create a certain mood and ideas among people of different ages and conditions. Corresponding...

Squad artiodactyls. Appearance, lifestyle and features. What is the difference between the groups artiodactyls and equids?

Squad artiodactyls. Appearance, lifestyle and features. What is the difference between the groups artiodactyls and equids?

Animals – orders of mammals, which has about 230 species. They have different sizes and appearance, but still have some similarities. What is special about these animals? What is the difference between the groups artiodactyl...

The formalin. What is this stuff?

The formalin. What is this stuff?

Many of us have heard the substance, such as formalin. What is that chemical compound? It is often called formelem. It is a solution of formaldehyde (36,5-40%). As a stabilizer it contains methyl alcohol (4-12%). This colorless li...

The Ipatiev chronicle is a unique monument of ancient Russian literature

The Ipatiev chronicle is a unique monument of ancient Russian literature

most of the information about the history of Ancient Russia us drawn from the Chronicles. This genre of old Russian literature was and still is the main source of historical data for modern science along with archaeological resear...

What do you mean

What do you mean "kulema"? The meaning of the word

Often even in adulthood we can hear unknown word. One of these – “kalema”. What does it mean? What is its significance and in what situations it can be used?the Main pointthe Main meaning of the word “kalem...