Animate and inanimate nouns: examples of words


2018-03-19 02:50:13




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You had to hear the words that were placed in non-compliant cases? These sins surzhik - combined speech from Russian, Ukrainian and Hebrew words. This happens due to the fact that the rules of declination in different languages differ.

To choose the right case of nouns, you need to know what species they belong to.

Animate and inanimate nouns

Words, misused, cut the ear. For their proper use, there are certain rules, not that difficult. In Russia since ancient times had changed for case animate and inanimate. When the language is codified, determined that the nouns are proper or common nouns, animate and inanimate. And independently is not always possible to determine what species a particular word. Dead lifeless, has no soul, but the word is grammatically animate. But plants are alive, growing, breathing. But inanimate. Why?

animate and inanimate nouns examples

There is one aspect of this issue, which is rooted in mythology. In ancient times, people adhere to different ideas about living and inanimate. A lot of established expressions, showing the inanimation of the sun (it looks up, stands up, sits down, wakes up in the fairy tales he asked the Board and meets) and dolls (in the games she eats, sleeps, walks, talks, cries). Previously really considered them alive and this was reflected in the language forms. The word "corpse" is always considered inanimate, because it examines only the envelope of the being, the personality is missing. How to identify animate and inanimate nouns?


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Since the living and nonliving answer different questions, it is good to use this method. Then to verify the result. After you can specify our research in accordance with the exceptions that it is better to remember.

1. So first we have to figure out who or what is in front of us. So in most cases you can understand what species we need the word.

Examples of animate and inanimate names sushestvitelnoe



animate and inanimate nouns, the rule

2. In the future, the plural of the right words put in the accusative case (for simplicity it can be described EAP) and find out what kind of case it is identical. If nominative (Yip) is naturellement.

  • Igrushki.
  • Kresla.
  • Igry.
  • Nose.
  • Clicky.

If the genitive (RP) - dushevnosti.

  • Senkow.
  • Pticek.
  • Zhivotnyh.
  • Caplet.
  • Druzei.

Often it is enough to identify animate and inanimate nouns. Rule has exceptions.

Live inanimate

This dolls, Teddy bears, doggies, bunnies, robots and the like. Then there are those toys with which to produce actions as if they were alive. The current form of words will appear tack:

  • Kocol.
  • Misek.
  • Zaichikov.
  • Sobachek.
  • Robotov.

animate and inanimate nouns own

Some icons in the games are also considered animate. It should remember:

  • Kings.
  • Jacks.
  • Queens.
  • Ladies.

People who died or were killed, are considered to be animate: the suicide, the deceased, passed away, pogibshie.

  • Samoubiyc.
  • Usopshih.
  • Prestabilita.
  • Pogibshih.

There are many such words, but they are animate. When we are talking about mortal shell (corpse, body, carcass, carcass) - it is inanimate.

Fabulous and intangible characters (angels, demons, nymphs) is also animate. There is regularity: if in the view of people something is alive in the declension of such words VP = RP.

Live inanimate

A Group is any set, the collection of people, animals or the lists of the living creatures is considered to be inanimate. It is a crowd, an army, a people, a herd, a flock, a host. Correct to say: "you See the crowd, the army, the people, herds, swarms, multitudes".

nouns proper or common nouns animate and inanimate

All the plants and mushrooms is an inanimate object. They have long been considered as food and not as a part of nature. Interestingly, some types of seafood (lobster, oysters, lobsters), first appeared in Russia as exotic dishes. Therefore, the recipes found their declension inanimate principle: squid boil and cut in the shape of a noodle.

That is not visible to eyes, is considered to be inanimate.

This is a micro-organisms, viruses, embryos, yeast, bacteria. Although here too there are interesting exceptions. For example, the attitude towards the embryo changes when it becomes visible – in vitro.

When you can't define animate and inanimate nouns

Examples showing the impossibility of attributing words to a particular division:

  • Fix the automation,
  • To see the sword-fish.

five five animate and inanimate nouns

These words are not inflected for number. When you change on cases of them is its own form of endings. Therefore, they are outside of animation.


In the form of accusative is consistent adjectives are defined animate and inanimate nouns. Examples:

  • Saw a new student – saw the new table.
  • Stroked the beautiful puppy-stroked a beautiful blouse.
  • Got big calves – got big trouble.

The First is the phrase, where accusative case is equal to the genitive (VP = RP), and then – nominative (SP).

These adjectives will facilitate the identification of animate and inanimate nouns.

Proper or common nouns

All the proper nouns and therefore received a name that is unique in its kind. This is usually the names, but there may be nicknames, and nicknames. If it is them coincidence – this is more nonsense. Is the word “name”, for example. Even if it's a nickname inanimate toys – it is still animated. There are inanimate nouns. That names given to any institution, work of art or writing. There are geographic names.

A Household name – from old “to narezat" (to call) – the names of groups of objects or concepts.

Right to change their case will help table.

Animate and inanimate names sushestvitelnoe
OdusevljenjeVP = RPVP = RP
InanimateVP = SPVP = SP

Well developed skills when filling out this table. You can fill it, putting all the words in the accusative case, although it is not required. You can simply divide a sheet into four parts and write the suggested word groups.

Ivan Ivanovich

The Bug


The boy Kibalchish








«White Fang”


The Hermitage

Caspian sea

The River

The Story

Beethoven Sonata

The Museum

The Sea

To better understand this topic will help special exercises.


Will Help to consolidate skills how to identify animate and inanimate nouns, exercises. Substitute the correct word, find the right case or to check the literacy of the recorded phrases.

animate and inanimate nouns the word

Exercise 1

Substitute the correct words in the following sentences.

  • Come to school, the students see (teachers, Director, new desks, posters, friends, duty, old doors, school chalk).
  • To a city Park acquired (songbirds, roundabouts, benches, visitors).
  • Late for work, had to catch up (trolley bus, tram, taxi driver friend).

Exercise 2

Select the case in the following sentences.

  • We put (kittens) and into the bargain gave (bags of food) for them.
  • Coming into the clearing, we saw (boys and baskets with mushrooms).
  • In the zoo attendants feed (poultry) and watering (trees).

Exercise 3

Give examples of animate and inanimate nouns, approach...

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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