Developing creative thinking of preschool children through role-playing

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2018-03-19 00:20:19

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Creative thinking of children of early and preschool age develops gradually. By the beginning of the fourth year of life, babies are beginning to see the need to play games in different roles. The ability to carry symbolically the image of the seller, a doctor, driver or caregiver in a play situation is a manifestation of the inner attitude, on the basis of which begins to manifest itself visually creative thinking.

Role playing with kids three to four years is available to adults who unobtrusively demonstrates how to act with a doll-with her daughter, feeding her, rocking, roll in a wheelchair. The child repeats an adult's actions with the same or similar toy. The teacher continues to play next to and call a role that takes a baby: ‘now You – mother, Lala – your daughter”. In the following days, the teacher creates a game environment, and the child is able to repeat a role-playing action that was learned previously. At this stage of the development of creative thinking of the child adjacent to the visual-active thinking, which was dominant at an early age.

Gradually, the child begins to choose toys for the plot, but initially relies on the range of products presented in the kindergarten group. Creative thinking is not yet developed, and to imagine things which are not in the immediate environment, is quite difficult. The task of the teacher of the younger group – to teach the child to expand the plot, the action, combining a few simple situations consistently: feed a doll, went together to the store, came home, put the doll to sleep. In the middle group the children can with a lack of toys to use their substitutes. Creative thinking helps the preschooler to imagine a stick in a spoon and it up in a bottle. At this stage, the child can already perform the transformation of the environment without relying only on the items that are represented in the games room. Manifested fantasy, imagination starts working. The game is organized when two or three people, where each performs a role, which the child chooses on their own, and not at the direction of an adult. Roles are selected in accordance with gender of child: boys play the role of father, grandfather, son, and girls – mothers, daughters, educators, Princess.

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In the older group symbolism in thinking can reach such a level that will not even need a items substitute. Children can give each other imaginary money is imaginary donuts and drink their milk, which is available only in the view. At this age the development of creative thinking goes into a stage of image formation on the basis of the thoughts that helps children to organize a game without the toys: the children themselves become images, fulfilling all the roles. So happy to portray stories, familiar works, fulfilling the role of both humans and animals. The storyline can be covered by the group of children where there is a leader who assigns roles, if children find it difficult in their choice.

Creative thinking of children preparatory to the school group is characterized by the fact that in the games children not only show initiative, but can be widely use natural images and metaphors, comparisons, Proverbs, sayings. In this case we can speak about the development of a child's artistic thinking as a variant of shaped. The use of drama to folk genre, participation in folk festivals, games, household items, Antiques help children imagine the lives of their ancestors. The game will be cognitive in nature, which suggests that the child is at the stage of transition to schooling.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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