Who discovered the Cape of Good Hope, and in what year it was

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2018-03-18 23:50:29

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Cape of Good Hope is perhaps the most famous Cape of Africa. Where is the Cape of Good hope? On the territory of the Republic of South Africa, namely the Cape Peninsula.

Cape of good hope photo

The First reference

Many swear words were said by sailors to address this godforsaken place for them. The story of navigation the story of the exorbitant efforts of many explorers and pioneers that they had to work to overcome ocean currents around the Cape.

Who discovered the Cape of Good Hope? This question cannot be answered unequivocally. Now, based on information of historical sources, it is safe to say that this is the first place visited in 500 BC, the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt.

Voyage of the Egyptians

It Happened during the reign of the Pharaoh Necho II, who aimed to regain its power and economic stability. It was necessary to find a way to get Egyptian goods to Europe, i.e. to find a workaround there. The delegation hired the Phoenicians were sent on the Eastern side of Africa, where the mariners hoped to find workarounds. This journey was delayed for three years, and several times the Phoenicians were interrupted, leaving the Earth to grow something edible, because the stocks were not designed for such a long period. So long was Africa. The Cape of Good Hope and certainly became the place of their landing, and then the travelers skirted it. Return is discouraged by the Phoenicians told me that was shocked at once “the sun suddenly appeared from the North side” thus, they crossed the equator.

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The Idea of workarounds were unsuccessful, and further travel was not cost-effective. Expenditures exceeded revenues, and more than two thousand years, no one has attempted to swim here.

Bartolomeo Dias, the one who discovered the Cape of Good Hope

At the end of the XV century, many wealthy Europeans were willing to pay any money for pleasant and luxury luxury items from distant India. However, the path back was being blocked vast Muslim lands, because the followers of the teachings of Mohammed did not seek to improve relations with Europe and the normalization of trade relations. Therefore, it was necessary to find another way – sea.

The First attempts to find it have been taken by the Portuguese. King of Portugal Joao II sent an expedition to find a workaround to the country of elephants. In charge of the expedition stood Bartolomeo Dias, which, with perseverance and endurance, all sailed with his crew to the Cape of Good Hope. But how difficult! Hellish currents, the hostile attitude of the natives. Members of his team many times and raised a revolt on the ships. They demanded the return to the Homeland because most of them lost hope to find a way to India. To the question “Where is the Cape of Good Hope?” no one on the team explorers, including Bartolomeu Dias, could not answer. Since it was the first people to swim to him, his exact location relative to the continents they could not know. And the names he was not there. Then B. Dias, while under the influence of torture, which brought them to this place, called it a "Cape of Storms". So was the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope. The year in which this event occurred (1488), was the beginning of the history of this mysterious and unusual places.

where is the Cape of good hope

The Return of the Portuguese navigators

Another surge of dissatisfaction with the team Dias has led to the fact that the expedition turned back. Sailors refused to continue the journey that seemed endless to them. They saw no point in further attempts to go East, as though the very elements were against them and sends numerous storms. But, despite the fact that the coast of India seafarers is not reached, the king joão II was pleased with the results of the expedition, considering “intelligence” a good. The only thing he didn't like – a frightening name, which gave the Cape of Bartholomew Dias. The king felt that the Cape should have a different name that will convince travellers that the Cape – this is not the main obstacle to India, and the first step closer to her. So he gave that place the name ‘the Cape of Good Hope”. Geographic coordinates: latitude: -34.358056; longitude: 18.471944

Travel to Vasco da Gama

A few years Later another Portuguese, Vasco da Gama first sailed on the route of the first expedition and made the appropriate endorsement in your logbook. He wrote that as a result of long and skilful manoeuvres his ship passed the Cape of Good Hope. Lyric name really was the key to the luck of the Portuguese. The discovery of the Cape of Good Hope by Vasco da Gama dated 1497. This Navigator reached the shores of India, than on his return reported to the king. So, Vasco da Gama fulfilled the main purpose of their journey. And development of the territory of South Africa was not.

Africa Cape of good hope

The Discovery of the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch as a transit point sea route

The Foundation of the city of Cape town (from the English. “the city on the Cape”) is a credit to the Dutch. They opened the Cape of Good Hope as the first staging post between Rotterdam and India. It was here that the implemented treatment and supply ships of the Dutch East India supplies of water and food. The local population of the natives at first welcomed guests. But in the late 60-ies of the XVII century, when Europeans began intensively to upset Cape town, began the displacement of natives from their lands and handling them in slavery. On this ground began a long and bloody conflict.

Controversy over Cape

The British knew who discovered the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape town. But this did not prevent them to take in 1795, the Dutch South Africa. Now this area became known as “a colonial province of the Cape of Good Hope”. Among the population were the descendants of the first colonists-the Boers, which translated from Dutch means “farmers”. New orders caused strong dissatisfaction, and then, they, overcoming on the way the resistance of the Zulus, has moved to the North of the continent.

Liberation from the colonial regime

Until the late nineteenth century the Boers were living apart, and they populated the area has been unofficially called “the Boer Republic”. But when it was discovered that in these lands there are large deposits of diamonds and gold, the British once again turned its attention to the rebellious Boers. From 1899 to 1902 continued brutal Boer war in which Britain still possessed the territory of the Boer republics. Now the whole of South Africa (Cape of Good Hope) was dominated by the British.

Only after more than half a century, in 1961, a long period of colonial dependence was completed. Now this territory was called as follows: South Africa.

Legend of the flying Dutchman

This story – the most intriguing and well-known history of the Cape of Good Hope. Variations she has a great variety. Sometimes the names of the main characters in it are different, but the plot in any case, has the same meaning. In this place the captain of a Dutch ship was cursed. The reputation he had, to put it mildly, not very good. He had a reputation of filth and blasphemer. Was the name of captain van Stratten. He was always a whip with a lead plaque at the end, in case anyone comes to hand. Behind many of the sailors forever covered with scars from the wild beatings of the whip. Ships van Stratten often transported African slaves that in the way killed dozens. Dead bodies were generally thrown overboard. Therefore, as the accompanying near the ships that captain were sharks waiting for the next “alms”. Fed and happy, they were pleased with his presence a cruel captain, he jokingly called them “my fish”. To ships caught in a violent storm. Just then they rounded the Cape of Good Hope, the coordinates showed exactly this, because to see anything in this weather was impossible. All the sailors begged the captain to turn back, in order to wait out the disaster.

Cape of good hope coordinatesIt is Easy to guess that in response to van Stratten badly cursed. He said: “never! I will still float! I will not back down, even if come the end of the world. I'll even give my soul to the devil, but will survive the storm”. At this moment the gates of heaven opened up and he heard the voice of God: "You said it! Now swim!". The devil took the soul of the captain. Since the coast of Cape restless and hopelessly drifting ship van Stratten. All the sailors and the captain-mouthed now doomed to eternal life, for immortality in the water expanse, unable to disembark. Encountering other ships of the immortal navigators strive to deliver letters to their relatives who had died long ago. Take these letters-a very bad omen. If you do this, then the curse moves on to the compassionate assistant.

Sights

One of the most famous attractions is the national reserve, whose name coincides with the name of the Cape. It is part of table mountain (national Park “table mountain”).

A Colony of rare penguins, who are called ophthalmic or Blackfeet; the colony bear the chakma baboon.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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