Fyodor Tyutchev-the poet, whose creativity is a precious heritage of Russian literature. His works are rich and varied, its lyrics simultaneously romantic, landscape and philosophical, romantic and psychological. Chronological table Tyutchev brief, but informative describes the major years of the poet's life.
Chronological table Tyutchev in the early years of life describes the childhood and youth of the poet. My very first poem "Dear daddy" Tyutchev wrote at the age of 15 years. Being homeschooled, F. I. Tyutchev in the 12 years he was engaged in translations of the odes of Horace. "The Epistle of Horace to Maecenas" was published in the proceedings of the society of lovers of Russian literature, a member at the age of fifteen became Fyodor Tyutchev (photos can be seen in the article below).
Most of the poems about the will and the autocracy was written during my student years of the poet, when in the social circle comprises of experienced writers and critics.
In 1828 was published famous masterpiece "I Love the storm in early may," wrote Fyodor Tyutchev. Verses of the poet imbued with metaphysics. He skillfully connects the two sides of nature: landscape and deep, internal, psychological.
After published in the "contemporary" poems "Not what you crease, nature, In the stuffy air of silence" on Tiutchev spoke of the famous poets and writers of the time. His poems were philosophical and symbolic content. Nature from the pen of Fyodor Ivanovich oduhotvoryaet and humanizes the image and thoughts of her will become one. The poet-philosopher shrewdly felt an imminent turning point in his era. The creativity of Tiutchev imbued with anxiety and tragedy. The revolution in Tyutchev's never had, but had a passionate interest in dramatic events of history.
|November 23 (new style December 5) 1803||Born Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev. Biography of the great poet began in the province of Orel (now Bryansk region)|
Tyutchevs moved to Moscow to live in their house in Armenian lane. The parents decided to call out his son Fyodor educator and opted to poet and translator S. E. Rajic. The teacher instilled Fyodor Ivanovich passion for literature and poetry from an early age, and already at the age of twelve Tiutchev brilliantly translated Horace
During the occupation of Moscow by Napoleon family of the tyutchevs temporarily moved to Yaroslavl, and then again returned to Moscow.
|The year 1819|
This year was published the first work of Fyodor Tyutchev – translation of the "Epistle of Horace to Maecenas". In the fall, the future great Russian poet entered the Moscow University philological Department.
|Autumn of 1821||Fedor Tiutchev became a candidate of Philology. Along with this he was invited to work in Europe as a supernumerary officer|
|1822||In July, Tyutchev went to Munich. In this city he lives next 22 years. In Bavaria he is actively involved in translations of such writers as Heine and Schiller. In Munich, Feodor Tyutchev greatly attracted to German philosophy and romantic poetry, this is the time of the great Russian poet finds their own special, unique style|
|1823||Tyutchev met Amalie von Lerchenfeld – illegitimate daughter of the king of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm III. Tyutchev passionately in love with her and tries to win her favor. But while Fedor was out of town, the king's daughter married the Baron, who was a colleague of the Russian poet|
|1826||In March, the young Tyutchev married Countess Bothmer. She was 4 years older than Fedor, a widow, she had 4 little kids from his first marriage. The poet lived with the Countess Bothmer 12 years in this marriage were born three daughters. Salary Fyodor Tyutchev at the time was very modest, the family was in debt almost all the time|
|1828||Written one of the most famous Russian poems "I Love the storm in early may"|
|1829||Written a poem "Summer evening", "Insomnia" and "Vision" in which especially emphasized the philosophical lyrics of Tyutchev|
|1830||Was created a masterpiece of world literature Silentium!, as well as "Autumn evening"|
|1833||In February, the poet became acquainted with 22-year-old Ernestina, Denberg, sister of the publicist Pfeffel. She was a real beauty, past it could not pass and Tiutchev. The biography of the poet-philosopher experienced a turning point. His legal wife Eleanor learned about a new passion of her husband and even wanted to commit suicide, but in the end forgave Tyutchev. This novel was very controversial, it has even come to the point that Fedor was transferred from Munich to Turin|
|1836||Had a very significant career Tyutchev event. Pushkin in his journal "Sovremennik"printed poems by Fyodor Ivanovich|
|1838||August 28, Tyutchev's wife Eleanor died. Fedor had a difficult recovery after the death of his wife|
|1839||Fyodor Tyutchev decides to get married with his girlfriend Ernestina, despite the fact that their affair caused a scandal in society. Married Ernestine poet gives birth to 2 sons|
|1841||The Poet was deprived of the title of Chamberlain, he was dismissed from government service|
|1843||Tyutchev wrote mainly political articles: "Russia and Germany", "Russia and Revolution," working on work "“Russia and the West"|
|1844||The Great Russian poet returned to Russia and began to take an active part in the social life of the country|
|1848||Political views Fedor was very impressed by the Russian Emperor Nicholas I. tiutcheva was again awarded the title of Chamberlain and took a job at the Ministry of foreign Affairs in St. Petersburg|
Fedor falls in love with Elena Denisyeva, who worked as a classy lady at the Smolny Institute, which trained daughter of the poet. At the same time continuing to love Ernestine, Tyutchev decides to live in 2 houses. Elena Denisyev also falls passionately in love with Tyutchev. She bore the poet a son and a daughter, who later had a tragic at the time, "illegitimate"
The Poet writes the poem "How cheerful the roar of a summer of storms"," how murderously we love"
|1854||Go to press the first collection of poems by Fedor Tyutchev. In addition to the "Contemporary" was published 92 of the verse of the poet. Among them the poem "Last love", dedicated to Denisyeva. Praised the work of Tyutchev, Leo Tolstoy|
|May 22, 1864||Elena Denisyev Tyutchev gave birth to another son. Shortly thereafter, she contracted tuberculosis and died. Tyutchev life blamed for her death.|
After the death of Elena Denisyeva Tiutchev is reunited with his wife Ernestine. The subsequent years of his life the poet devotes to political problems and seek the correct course of Russia's foreign policy.
|1868||Print a second lifetime collection of Fyodor Tyutchev|
|January 1 1873||Tyutchev went for a walk, but soon he was brought back, half of his body was affected by paralysis|
|July 15, 1873||The Great Russian poet, died in Tsarskoye Selo|
Before the birth of his daughter Anna Tyutchev was filled with the most ardent feelings for his first wife Eleanor of bothmer. Before the charms of the Countess, few could resist.
Chronological table Tyutchev second half of the poet's life is eventful. Already in 1834 the poet has an affair with a wealthy sister and publicist Pfeffel. After the death of his first wife, Tyutchev comes with Ernestine in a legal marriage.
In 1848, the poet writes the poem "the Sea and the rock". In it he describes the powerlessness of the individual to the elements, to nature and the infinite world of chaos.
In the years 1850-1855 Tyutchev fell in love with a cool lady their daughters Elena Denisyeva creates "Danisevsky cycle". His famous poem, "O, how murderously we love" is dedicated to her The love that is celebrated in these poems, is the only meaning of life, the only way to human happiness. The author calls it both bliss and hopelessness.
November 28, 1866, the poet wrote a famous poem "Mind Russia not to understand". It fully reflected the Slavophile views that are gracefully outlined Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev. The poems describe the features of the Russian mentality, irrationality behavior of the Russian people, the breadth and generosity of spirit.
On 1 January 1873, Fedor went for a walk from which he was taken home in an unconscious state. The left half of his body was paralyzed. 15 July of the same year the great Russian poet, died.
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