Who is this infectious disease? This doctor, diagnosing, recognizing and treating infectious diseases that are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and so on. From the Latin word “infection” is translated as “infect”.
What diseases treats infectious diseases? The doctors of this specialty are diseases that occur as a result of the activities of harmful bacteria that get into the human body. As well as the specialists of this profession are exploring the nature of infections, their diagnosis, prevention and the fight against infections.
Infectious disease specialists work directly in the fields of Microbiology and epidemiology. Many diseases arise due to the ingestion of harmful microorganisms. For example, arthritis appears due to the presence of streptococci, ulcer of the stomach – due to Helicobacter pylori, etc.
Infectious disease Physician that heals? He is directly involved in those diseases that can be transmitted from one person to another. These illnesses include simple pre-season diseases, such as SARS, influenza, etc., and also included in the circle of particularly dangerous – plague, cholera, AIDS and others.
There are several varieties of such ailments. They are divided into groups according to the principle of transmission:
1. Intestinal disease – infection enters the body by eating dirty fruits and vegetables. Eating with unwashed hands can also contribute to intestinal diseases.
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2. Diseases of the respiratory tract – the infection is transmitted by airborne droplets.
3. Diseases of the blood. They are divided into two types. Vector-borne – enter the body through the bite of various insects (ticks, fleas, mosquitoes, etc.), non-vector-borne-transmitted by blood transfusion or injecting through dirty needles.
4. Diseases of the outer cover – infection occurs through close contact with the patient through the mucous membranes or skin.
If the infection is only transmitted from person to person, the disease is called anthroponomy if from animals to humans-zoonotic. It is worth to draw attention to one curious fact: the medicine known cases where people were ill with AIDS, infected by vector-borne method, that is a carrier of the virus biting mosquito, and then he also sticks to a healthy person and handed him the virus. The probability of infection in this way is equal to 1/10000 and it happens mainly in places where AIDS is very common. For example, in some African countries, this disease affects one in three people.
Infectious disease cures all ills, the occurrence of which is due to the penetration into the body of viruses, fungi, prions, bacteria, etc. each group of causes certain diseases:
For Children types of infections very much and some of them had not even studied, as extremely rare. But there is a list of the major diseases that most often affects babies. The infectious disease doctor that treats children?
Measles is one of the most contagious diseases, and susceptible to all kids from three years. In an earlier age it is extremely rare. Measles is transmitted by airborne droplets, it is often infected in kindergarten. The incubation period of the disease from 10 to 17 days. In very rare cases it can last up to 21 days, if during this time the child takes cold medication that might mute at the time of development of measles.
The Susceptibility of children to rubella is somewhat lower. It is also transmitted from an infected person to a healthy one. Media rubella is dangerous only in the first days of illness, then the infection becomes non-contagious. The incubation period – from 15 to 24 days.
The infectious disease doctor that treats? Parotitis, otherwise – “pig” also included in the list of diseases of concern to the physician. Such infection is less contagious than measles and rubella. Airborne, it is easy to get infected, if a healthy person is in the same room with the patient. The incubation period-from 11 to 21 days, sometimes 26 days.
Scarlet fever is caused by streptococci. Is transmitted by airborne droplets, but can be transmitted through toys and personal items (e.g. towel). The incubation period from 2 to 7 days, sometimes lasts up to 12 days.
Diphtheria is caused due to toxigenic coli that produce a toxin (exotoxin). Is transferred from the carrier to a healthy person. The incubation period from 2 to 10 days.
Infectious disease that heals more? Polio – a rather rare disease, the infection was able to reduce to a minimum thanks to regular preventive vaccination. Get a child from contact with a carrier of the virus. Polio is also transmitted via unwashed fruits, vegetables and by airborne droplets. The incubation period is from 5 to 35 days, but often no more than 12 days.
Windmill – lightweight form of smallpox, which was finally defeated by Soviet doctors in the twentieth century. Otherwise, this infection is called chickenpox. It flies through the air and is not very dangerous, only takes about a week. Susceptibility to chickenpox in children is high. The incubation period from 11 to 21 days, but mostly 14 days.
Infectious disease Physician that heals? He also deals with diseases that affect pregnant women. Each infection to the fetus is more dangerous. The appearance of some of them depends directly on the immune system women, as well as great importance of life conditions and stress.
Infectious disease what cures during pregnancy? The Most dangerous diseases are measles, chickenpox, cytomegalovirus infection, toxoplasmosis, chlamydia, herpes, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, syphilis, hepatitis b and C, HIV infection.
Treatment takes place in specially equipped hospitals. In mild cases it is possible home treatment. Obligatory – strict compliance with anti-epidemic regime.
The infectious disease doctor that treats? He deals with diseases transmitted from one person to another. The time when many infectious diseases were almost incurable, are long gone. Now doctors developed many types of preventive vaccines, also has a large number of effective drugs. In the list of the latter include antibiotics, immunoglobulins and other drugs.
The Herpes virus can not only affect the mucous membranes and the skin, but also have a negative impact on the Central nervous system, internal organs and eyes. Basically it is transmitted by airborne droplets. If genital herpes, be infected through sexual contact.
The family of herpes include the following diseases: varicella, cytomegalovirus and herpes zoster. After entering the body, the herpes virus remains there for life. Often with “sleep”. But under the influence of a number of reasons may occur. Often herpes affects the mucous membranes and the skin, but can affect the brain, adrenal glands, liver, lungs and spleen.
The infectious disease doctor treats herpes of all varieties. This disease is very dangerous for pregnant women as it can harm the fetus. Herpes contributes to cervical cancer.
The infectious disease doctor that treats? Herpes In the normal course of the disease is treated with ointments, which are applied on the rash. The latter is covered with a dry scab, which later disappears. In advanced lesions the skin is a topical treatment.
If the affected oral mucosa, it is necessary to rinse with a weak solution of potassium and take liquid food. Erosion is lubricated with a solution of novocaine.
Infectious disease that heals more? He also engaged and ocular herpes. Used here, serecid, which buries itself in the eye. Even used the tool of "human leukocyte Interferon" and other local effects (laser, cryotherapy, etc.).
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