Your child began to attend kindergarten? Now his circle of friends has grown considerably. And, therefore, increased the risk of Contracting various diseases. A separate group are viral infections transmitted by air. Chickenpox in a child is one of the first places. She was known in the time of Avicenna.
The causative agent and course of disease
The causative agent of the destruction of the body is a virus belonging to the family trust. The most favorable places for its functioning are the mucosa and skin cells. Once in the body of the child, it begins to proliferate actively. Defense mechanism tries to fight ‘outsider”. Thus, the manifestation of chickenpox can begin with fever (not always).
Then there is a rash of red spots, which later turn into bubbles with live pathogens. After 2-3 days the blisters burst and crust over. After some time cleansing the affected area from scabs. The rash may be located in various places (including the groin, genitals and head).
Re, the lesions are smaller size and distribution, as is the development of antibodies against the pathogen.
Traces of skin lesions. Scars is evidence that after the wound bubbles was combed and infected. Started festering sores. Healing was delayed, which led to the formation of cosmetic defects.
Due To the active manifestations of chickenpox in a child is easily diagnosed. Only in rare cases, the use of laboratory analyses of the contents of the rash.
The day before the rash and for about 3 weeks after – the kid is very contagious. Throughout the period of illness children may feel sick, refuse to eat, in some cases, to complain of nausea and headaches.
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Chickenpox in a child happens only once. Then he produced against her defense mechanism. So basically age risk group is children from six months to 7 years. Babies, breastfeeding, getting the immunity against this disease from the mother.
The Virus quickly dies outside the human body. But a few minutes is enough to get airborne. Therefore, the disease quite often affects almost the whole group in kindergartens. By the time such outbreaks sufficiently long. Between the first and last infestation can take up to 3 months.
Treatment and prevention
Chickenpox in a child as the disease is not treated. Struggle with its manifestations and consequences. This happens in the following way:
- the Rehabilitation of burst bubbles with green paint, at least other solutions and lotions that do not contain alcohol.
- taking baths with manganese solution (rarely used infusions of sage and chamomile).
- Frequent change of underwear and bed linen.
- the Use of drugs, if required by the symptoms. Antipyretics, antihistamines, and antiviral.
- drinking plenty of fluids and limiting certain types of food.
How long does chickenpox in children? The time frame can be different. It depends on the specific immunity of the baby and the correctness of the struggle with the consequences of the disease. Quarantine takes up to 3 weeks.
Children are very difficult to survive bed rest and no walking. Therefore, the task of adults – to interest the child. Distracted, the child will be less to respond to itchy sensations.
For the prevention of this disease are used vaccination against varicella. But opinions on the justification of vaccination of different. After all, the man even after vaccination can be infected in the future. A flow of chickenpox in adults are hard enough. There are cases of complications such as encephalitis, loss of vision, vetrennay pneumonia. The modern laboratory is able to determine whether a person has antibodies against varicella.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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