Eye disease of the retina: basic diseases and methods of diagnosis

Date:

2018-03-18 04:20:07

Views:

411

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Diseases of the retina (fundus) are the most common diseases of the human vision that await him throughout life. Most often they appear after 45 years.

It is this age becomes a turning point when the metabolism occurring in the human body rebuilds and takes a course on aging. Appear circulatory failure, affecting all organs and tissues, including the retina.

eye diseaseAs a rule, specific complaints typical for diseases of the fundus does not exist. The decreased vision usually occurs when ocular disease is already well enough developed, and the most affordable treatment is only able to stop the vision loss, but not improve it.

Symptoms that should alert man and push him to visit an ophthalmologist, include such changes as:

  • The curvature and/or the combination of the letters when reading;
  • The appearance of photopsias – flashes of light and flickering sparks with eyes closed, appears after physical exertion and/or eye movement;
  • Changes in peripheral vision;
  • Blurred vision in the evening hours;
  • Violation of color perception;
  • Drop items out of sight.

All these specific state suggest the presence of pathology of the retina.

Principal diseases of the fundus

diseases of ocular fundusDiseases affecting the retina, many. But the most common are the following types:

1. Atrophy (withering away) of the optic nerve. This eye disease is characterized by the formation of the main inflammation of the optic nerve, calling it regressive pathological changes. Seen a significant reduction in vision, reduced field of vision. When Ophthalmoscope study, clearly visible in the dim disk of the optic nerve.

Recommended

A tablet from worms – the relevance of the application for the person

A tablet from worms – the relevance of the application for the person

How relevant today, drugs against worms in humans? What kind of creatures these worms, what are modern methods of treatment? We will try to answer these questions, since ignorance in this area is undesirable. Imagine a mummy, which is misleading in k...

What to do if you cracked skin on hands?

What to do if you cracked skin on hands?

Each of us at least once in a lifetime encounter with a small, but very, when the crack the skin on the hands. At this time there are wounds of different sizes, which hurt and cause inconvenience, especially when in contact with water or detergents. ...

Spray Macho man - the key to a proper relationship between the two spouses

Spray Macho man - the key to a proper relationship between the two spouses

Male impotence is a pathological condition associated with abnormal physiological capacity of the penis to reginout and bring sexual partner pleasure in bed.sex impotenceimpotence may not men to pass unnoticed – it usually spoils his nervous sy...

2. Pigmentary degeneration of the retina. in this disease is the formation of pigment lesions light having the shape of a star or cells located at the equator of the fundus.

This eye disease in the initial stage is characterized by a decrease of twilight vision. In the field of view are formed, blind spots, having the form of a ring. There is a gradual narrowing of the visual field to pipe type, in which the patient can see clearly objects located exactly in the center. As narrowing of the visual review takes place and deterioration of visual acuity, there is thinning of the blood vessels of the fundus.

3. Central inflammation of the retina. This eye disease is accompanied by pathological changes in the retina associated with spasm passing in her blood vessels.

diagnosis of eye diseasesIn the early stages of the disease there are barriers to vision, localized in the center of the field of view, consider items like visually reduced, and is temporary farsightedness. Fundus prone to spasms of blood vessels and has in the region of the yellow spot red-and-gray convexity.

Diagnosis of eye diseases

The Modern development of ophthalmology gives the ability to perform all necessary studies required for accurate diagnosis. Such studies include:

  • The establishment of visual acuity (subjective or computerized method);
  • Measurement of pressure inside the eye;
  • Examination of the retina of the eye;
  • Electroretinography:;
  • Examination of the eyeball;
  • General electrophysiological study;
  • Digital fluorescent angiography.

Modern diagnostic tools in ophthalmology not only help to make an accurate diagnosis, but also contribute to the control and effective management of the process of treatment of the disease.






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Why sore in the morning stomach: causes and consequences

Why sore in the morning stomach: causes and consequences

some people faced with such a condition, when it hurts in the morning stomach. The causes of pathology is quite variable, and to understand them only to the doctor. Pain can wear with heavy or light nature, speeding after you Wake...

The rate of thyroid hormones are very important for proper growth and development

The rate of thyroid hormones are very important for proper growth and development

the Thyroid gland – this is a very important organ in the body that synthesize hormones, which are the development of bone tissue, the metabolism, the nervous system functions. It plays a significant role in the growth and d...

First aid kit - a necessary thing for the company at the office. What should be included in the first aid kit?

First aid kit - a necessary thing for the company at the office. What should be included in the first aid kit?

unfortunately, in life we often find ourselves in dangerous situations, of which often leave with bruises, broken bones, bruises and other damages. But it is, in fact, nothing, if you remember that people are regularly killed at w...