Diseases of the retina (fundus) are the most common diseases of the human vision that await him throughout life. Most often they appear after 45 years.
It is this age becomes a turning point when the metabolism occurring in the human body rebuilds and takes a course on aging. Appear circulatory failure, affecting all organs and tissues, including the retina.
As a rule, specific complaints typical for diseases of the fundus does not exist. The decreased vision usually occurs when ocular disease is already well enough developed, and the most affordable treatment is only able to stop the vision loss, but not improve it.
Symptoms that should alert man and push him to visit an ophthalmologist, include such changes as:
All these specific state suggest the presence of pathology of the retina.
Diseases affecting the retina, many. But the most common are the following types:
1. Atrophy (withering away) of the optic nerve. This eye disease is characterized by the formation of the main inflammation of the optic nerve, calling it regressive pathological changes. Seen a significant reduction in vision, reduced field of vision. When Ophthalmoscope study, clearly visible in the dim disk of the optic nerve.
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2. Pigmentary degeneration of the retina. in this disease is the formation of pigment lesions light having the shape of a star or cells located at the equator of the fundus.
This eye disease in the initial stage is characterized by a decrease of twilight vision. In the field of view are formed, blind spots, having the form of a ring. There is a gradual narrowing of the visual field to pipe type, in which the patient can see clearly objects located exactly in the center. As narrowing of the visual review takes place and deterioration of visual acuity, there is thinning of the blood vessels of the fundus.
3. Central inflammation of the retina. This eye disease is accompanied by pathological changes in the retina associated with spasm passing in her blood vessels.
In the early stages of the disease there are barriers to vision, localized in the center of the field of view, consider items like visually reduced, and is temporary farsightedness. Fundus prone to spasms of blood vessels and has in the region of the yellow spot red-and-gray convexity.
The Modern development of ophthalmology gives the ability to perform all necessary studies required for accurate diagnosis. Such studies include:
Modern diagnostic tools in ophthalmology not only help to make an accurate diagnosis, but also contribute to the control and effective management of the process of treatment of the disease.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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