What is Philo? The meaning of the word in different dictionaries explains about the same: lazy, to shirk, to shirk work. But with respect to the occurrence of the term linguists have not yet come to a consensus. Someone thinks that the word came from the folk dialects. Other linguists are inclined to attribute it to the criminal jargon, and others – to the vernacular, born in the years of Soviet atheist propaganda. Of the many versions it is difficult to distinguish the only true. Therefore, we indicate only the most common variants of the origin of the word “you” and write their own reflections.
In the dictionaries indicates the correlation of this verb with the noun pilon French, signifying a beggar, a tramp, a beggar. But most modern linguists disagrees with this interpretation. Experts in the field of Russian literature questioning the possibility of turning the French ‘needy" in Russian “lazy”.
There is Also a version that the word derived from the le filon (gold mine, a successful business, a profitable position) is present in the slang of the soldiers of the French army. To settle on the “warm spot" work, shirk combat training – what it means to work in the soldiers ' jargon. It is safe to say that these interpretations are very close in meaning. But official confirmation of this interpretation is not received.
Doctor of Philology I. G. Dobrodomov in his monograph "the Problem of the etymology of normative lexicography” is inclined to the version that the meaning of the word “you” is synonymous with the phrase ‘to lay on the shelf”. It is obvious that this explanation does not contradict inherent in the verb meaning: to relax, to do nothing. But where are arranged in peasant huts, wooden decking, designed for sleep and rest?
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It's pretty simple, although a little confusing. Professor Dobrodomov believes that in some dialects, in particular, in the slang of the Kostroma and the Finance of artisans, the word “loft” is pronounced as “filati”. Then there was a chain of transformations: filati – filoni – felony. Hence the Philo – to stay in bed, take time off from work. As often happens, over time the word has become widely used and firmly entrenched in the Russian language. But Philo is now called lazy and lie-Abed.
Some researchers believe that the word “you” could be derived from the name of the vestments of the clergy. Chasuble – a long cloak with a slit for the head, but without sleeves.
To Work in such an outfit uncomfortable, hands hidden under the cloth cloth like a swaddled baby. The person who was in no hurry to join the joint work, said: “What are you standing there, as if in a cloak dressed?”. Over time mocking expression transformed into a short but capacious word “you”.
This explanation does not exclude other options, in line with previous. It is known that in the years of Soviet power, a policy of exclusion of people from the religious beliefs. All that was connected with the Church was subjected to criticism and ridicule. Perhaps, the priest, wearing the phelonion, fliers and posters were portrayed as anti-hero, personified the slacker, moocher, a parasite. So people entrenched Association: who in felony – the Philo.
In the 20-ies of the last century in the district of the Solovetsky Islands on the site of a former monastic prison was formed of the Northern special purpose camp. He joined the number of a few previously existing in the Arkhangelsk region of the closed areas for criminals and political prisoners. Convicted of certain crimes people referred to Solovki, where they were determined to the hard work of logging and processing of timber.
Probably, prisoners, seriously undermine the health of the logging that was transferred to an easier labor. Some prisoners tried to achieve such a transfer, deliberately causing yourself physical injury. Someone has found other ways to straighten the papers on his temporary or permanent disability. Therefore, there was a half-joking explanation of initial letters: Philo – dummy disabled camps of special designation.
This fact does not explain the origin of the verb “you”. The etymology of the word remains unclear. But since it is widely used in thieves jargon, in all likelihood, the term was known long before the Soviet Northern camps. Today you can hear a cognate to the verb “you” is a slang word ‘tilki”. Why so called money – the big question.
Starting from version that the word “you” was born in the criminal world, allow ourselves to put forward their assumptions about its origin. In the dictionary of gallicisms found the verb “filet”, formed from the French filer, which means to follow, to track. Quiteit is possible that Philo – to stand watch during bandit raids or thieving expeditions. Consequently, direct participation in the basic actions of the man called Philo, was not accepted, and its contribution was considered negligible.
We Can recall the meaning of concepts such as philosophy – the wisdom or philanthropy – humanity. They are based on the word “love” or “addiction” from the Greek φιλέω. In all likelihood, the definition of "Philo" could mean a lover, that is an Amateur or a layman. With regard to the criminal jargon – novice thief, does not show. Accordingly, such a luxury as a serious business trusted. Philo – to run an errand superficially, to work in full force.
Perhaps everything is much simpler, and the verb “you” formed from the name of Philo with a value of "unpopular"? Not necessarily, that the ancient philosophers, mathematicians, healers and bishops, who bore this name, a dismissive attitude to work. Rather, it was exactly the opposite.
But let's imagine the situation that Philo (i.e. pet) called some of the members of a large peasant family. It could be the youngest child or, for example, a good grandfather, a relative with poor health. The proper name here is transformed into a household nickname.
Of Course, the universal favorite of the lot saying goodbye, he was freed from work in the field and on the farm. If someone from the household had the possibility of unplanned vacation, said he was Philo. In the sense that the person is temporarily not able to work, for example, because of illness or because of other circumstances. Still, Philo – not to be lazy in life, but only to shirk some duties for objective reasons or on their own.
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