The decree is a specific form of law

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2018-03-18 19:21:20

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In the Russian language borrowed a lot of words. As for professional terminology, in such fields as law, without Latin will not do. Roman law, or, as it was called earlier, "written mind" is the basis of modern legal concepts, it is studied in institutions, the terms used by modern professionals.

The meaning of the word

this decreeDecree – a ruling from the Latin word "dekretum". This term in the Roman state was called legal acts issued by the Senate, peers, authority, or decision of a praetor, second only to Consul officials in charge of the legal matters in civil cases. Later this notion was replaced by the term "law." But in the history of mankind is the concept has twice entered the public arena during the days of the French Republic and the young Soviet Russia. It is obvious that the revolutionary colouring this term has acquired as a result of instability of the content, they were often taken hastily, time dictated their rapid adoption. Therefore, the decree – it is a specific type of law, which was adopted on specific issues. Often they were temporary and later was part of a certain law as a part thereof.

Current use of the term

decree on peaceNow, in some European countries is used to refer to any temporary act, the adoption of which is dictated by utmost necessity and urgency. The term has quite a few interpretations. Decree – and the decree, determination, and decision. In addition, it can be interpreted as the principle of the thesis, the basic principle, the main rule. Such a variety of interpretations determines the relevance of the term. Indeed, in the current the Republic of Belarus he has enough wide circulation, the validity of the decree is enshrined in articles of the Constitution. However, it is agreed that they are necessary in case of special need, there are extraordinary in nature. We can say that the Belarusian version of the decree – this is an extraordinary legal act issued by the President or state authorities.

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New sound

In Russia the circulation of this term happened in the first few years of the Soviet state, which only 30 years there is a clear legal basis. After the proclamation of the Russian Soviet Republic the first laws issued almost immediately, the new government was called the decrees, which in itself sounded a revolutionary, new way, corresponds to the time. They went down in history as “the First decrees of the Soviet government". Researchers refer to them, all decisions and resolutions, published in the period of November-December 1917. Over time, the wording of the new temporary laws became more seasoned and professional. But in the first regulations will certainly present propaganda. Otherwise, then it could not be.

first decrees

The First laws that changed the world

The first law of people's power – this is the Decree on peace, issued November 8, 1917, that is, on the second day after the proclamation of the new state. He called for an immediate end to the war between all countries and the establishment of a just world "without annexations and indemnities”. On the same day was published two decrees (on land and power), and 4 of the Ordinance. November 10 saw the light of a normative act on the establishment of the people's worker-peasant army. The ruling abolished the death penalty at the front, announced the arrest of the Provisional government and the beginning of the pogroms. According to the decree, the army formed a provisional revolutionary Committee. On the timely adoption of the first decrees and ordinances, on their impact, says the state, which stood in contrast to the French Republic and did not succumb to the influence of external and internal enemies, having existed for 70 years.


Article in other languages:

AR: https://www.tostpost.com/ar/the-law/424-the-decree-is-a-specific-form-of-law.html

BE: https://www.tostpost.com/be/zakon/707-dekret-geta-specyf-chny-vyglyad-zakona.html

DE: https://www.tostpost.com/de/das-gesetz/704-mutterschaftsurlaub-eine-bestimmte-art-des-gesetzes.html

ES: https://www.tostpost.com/es/la-ley/709-el-decreto-es-un-tipo-espec-fico-de-la-ley.html

HI: https://www.tostpost.com/hi/the-law/424-the-decree-is-a-specific-form-of-law.html

JA: https://www.tostpost.com/ja/the-law/423-the-decree-is-a-specific-form-of-law.html

KK: https://www.tostpost.com/kk/za/707-dekret-b-l-erekshe-t-r-za-yny.html

PL: https://www.tostpost.com/pl/prawo/710-dekret-to-specyficzny-rodzaj-prawa.html

PT: https://www.tostpost.com/pt/a-lei/707-o-decreto-um-tipo-espec-fico-da-lei.html

TR: https://www.tostpost.com/tr/hukuk/713-kararname-bu-zel-bir-t-r-yasa.html

UK: https://www.tostpost.com/uk/zakon/709-dekret-ce-specif-chniy-vid-zakonu.html

ZH: https://www.tostpost.com/zh/the-law/497-the-decree-is-a-specific-form-of-law.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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