Ringworm in a child, or trichophytosis, – is a fungal infectious disease. It affects hair, skin, and nails (rarely). To distinguish between superficial and infiltrative-suppurative forms of the disease.
Ringworm in children: etiology and pathogenesis
Anthropophile fungi cause the development of superficial trichophytosis and zoofilia-infiltrative-suppurative. The first form to become infected through direct bodily contact with an already ill person, or through those objects, which he used (clothes, hats, combs). Especially resistant to fungus children. Infiltrative-suppurative trichophytosis infected from infected animals or through objects contaminated by them.
Ringworm in children: symptoms
Each of these forms of disease is characterized by peculiar only to her features. So, if superficial ringworm only affects the scalp, the lesions are slightly split and a little inflamed. Their sizes do not exceed 2 cm in diameter. Form foci may be either rounded or incorrect. Hair in these areas do not grow, they break off under the skin. Itching is weak or non-existent. If the disease is not treated, it can last for years. In boys, it passes itself to the period of maturity, and the girls often takes the chronic form. If striking surface trichophytosis smooth skin, the lesions are localized not in the field of hair, as in the first case, and in the open field. They have a clear round or oval shape, hyperemic and slightly exalted. Often on a reddened area appears brown and small bubbles. In the center of the lesions peel and paler colored. Infiltrative-suppurative trichophytosis occurs more rapidly. Ringworm appears in a child on the face, on the head. There are formed large painful lesions, having a clear outline. They consist of follicular abscesses. Covered foci of purulent crusts juicy.
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Increases and becomes painful and the adjacent lymph nodes. If you try to squeeze the lesions, of which flow of liquid pus. They resemble a honeycomb. Saiva, the lesions leave scars.
How to treat herpes in children?
What medicines prescribed by a doctor-dermatologist or mycologist, depends on the shape of the disease. If the treatment of ringworm surface flowing enough to use antifungal ointments, in more severe cases, this measure will not be enough. When suppurative trihofitii, especially when the affected scalp, use drugs that is taken orally. In this case prescribed by a doctor dosage should be strictly observed, as their teratogenic effect affects the functioning of the liver. Side effects and contraindications mass has selenium sulfide, so it is also used only in extreme cases and with extreme caution.
Ringworm in children: preventing
It goes without saying that you need to avoid all contact with already sick people and animals. Personal hygiene – one of the main ways to prevent zoster. Socks and shoes should always be clean and dry. When visiting public baths, pools, beach, you need to have your rubber shoes. To stop the spread of any form of disease, you need to install its source. This is especially true of adults surrounding the child.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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