Like any ancient folk art, ornament has its roots. This skill conveys the true soul of the people. Conducts historical line, which reveals the national mentality. So, what is the present ornamental art?
With the word "ornament" we face quite often, and usually think that understand its meaning. But, it turns out, all is not so simple. Of course, the ornament-the drawing, made in a special way on any surface. But whence came the word? It turns out that it comes from the Latin ornamentum, which means “ornament”. This painting was widely used in ancient Rus to decorate clothing, weapons, household utensils, fabrics. The closest to this term still fits originally the Russian word for “pattern”. Compared to him the ornament of the figure, sounds almost scientific, but it is a phrase best embodies the essence of the matter. In principle, the painting is multiple repetition of a pattern in a particular sequence.
Another Interesting: in the West, the ornament of the figure is not considered a separate work of art, rather it is attributed only to the style. Meanwhile in Russia until the mid-19th century, these patterns were not simply the nature of jewelry but also had a special mystical meaning.
For Example, it was believed that certain patterns-patterns on clothes is able to protect from evil spirits and bad events-famine, enemies, wounds in battle or death... Therefore, these designs were fulfilled with the utmost care and precision. Even if the masters didn't really understand the value that they create patterns, they get repeated what passed on the legacy of their predecessor.
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Of Course, patterns, ornaments, patterns – an integral part of ancient Russian culture, they were brought up many generations of Russians. The beginning of this art goes back to antiquity, so old that say exactly when it originated this skill, it is simply impossible.
Patterns, ornaments, patterns, especially those that have come to us from antiquity, telling of the Outlook, the traditions of the people of ancient epochs. While everything was done to the ancient art was not merely a mechanical repetition of the instructions. That's why at the beginning of last century there was a tradition of so-called SciTec. It was the fact that the young masters brought their work to the oldest seamstress sat on a special get-togethers. Here the girls talked in detail about what they represent embroidery, giving, thus, a special “examination”.
Interestingly, the geometric ornament of the figure of those times could be quite unexpected for a modern human sense. In particular, one of the most common symbols was the swastika! It is considered a sign of development, fertility and symbol of natural cycles.
Today, solid ‘Hitlerism” on the ancient ornaments can many just to shock. But the energy potential of this sign is very high. So that being said, the song words can not erase!
In ancient times in the region of the Lower Volga there was a tradition to paint intricate designs on wooden bowls. First master grind bowls, mugs and spoons from alder. Then the dishes were treated in a special way, painted ornament and produce hardening in the oven. So appeared the famous Russian Khokhloma. Her “highlight” is that when hardening tools and the patterns on it were gold glitter, which gave wooden products unusual festive and expensive look.
Nowadays Khokhloma, especially made by skilled workers in a Russian province, is highly valued on the world market. The buyers from foreign countries appreciated the praise of masterpieces of Russian applied art.
The Tradition of Ukrainian ornament also rooted in antiquity. Usually used as a basis of walls of houses, utensils and other items. The ornament contained pagan symbols that have special meaning. In this sense, particular interest has acquired charms – paint a special protective patterns, the exact meaning of which was known only to a few.
Over time, however, patterns began to sign is not only protective articles, but also other items.
The Main characters on some of the decorations were images of the sun and water. And this is no coincidence. The sun was considered a symbol of the man. Water, as the mother of all living things – women. It is these two components able to give the world a new life. That's why the donation of such decorations were considered a wish to find your soul mate or to strengthen existing family, the birth of a child.
If we talk about the Ukrainian ornament, the drawings were always made very symbolic. Important were the images of birds. These images symbolized the human soul. But the doves or hawks in the Ukrainian ornaments represent lovers, ready to pair.
Petrikov paintingis one of the most famous and common types of Ukrainian ornamental art. Its name comes from the village Petrykivka Dnipropetrovsk oblast, where was and is the most talented masters of this art. They still keep ancient secrets.
“Petrykivka”, as they call this art is an example of decorative and ornamental folk art. A long time ago painted the walls of the houses, but over time, paying tribute to the new fashion and desire of customers, craftsmen began to decorate a variety of household supplies, in fact, turning them into decor items. So, Petrikov painting can be found on chests, traditional musical instruments, towels and blouses. Moreover, even painted planter and a sleigh!
I must say that Petrykivka painting is like no other type of decorative art, reflect and flow end time. It became widely used in body art. This trend has spread in the form of special art schools with their masters and traditions.
In addition, now managed to restore the technology of porcelain painting, glass, and many others, at first glance, not suitable for ornaments objects.
Finally, we note that Russian and Ukrainian ornaments even though I have a number of features that generally reflect a single soul of the Slavic people – regardless of the country of residence of the masters.
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