After the baby is born, almost the whole family begins to live in the mode that he sets. However, normally most of the time a newly born baby sleeps. At the same time, some newly-made parents are faced with the fact that the baby sleeps poorly, restlessly or does not want to go to the land of dreams at all. Why do newborn babies sleep poorly?
It is worth knowing the sleep standards for children at a particular age. Often parents begin to worry when there is no reason for this. Where does the norm end?
The importance of sleep for a baby is difficult to overestimate. Quality rest as well as proper nutrition is the key to normal physical and psycho-emotional health of babies.
Babies spend most of their first three months of life sleeping. According to WHO recommendations, the total sleep duration of babies from 0 to 3 months should be 14-17 hours a day. However, these figures are approximate, because each child is individual. Therefore, if your baby sleeps more or less than the established norm, but at the same time feels good, then you should not worry.
Some manifestations of restless behavior of babies after falling asleep can be explained by the peculiarities of the structure of their sleep.
A baby's sleep, like an adult's, consists of two phases:
During sleep, both phases replace each other: first comes a slow sleep, then a fast one, and so on in a circle. The structure of sleep in infants of the first months of life is unique: its main part is rapid sleep, during which the baby can grimace, pull the arms and legs.This behavior of the baby during sleep is absolutely normal and should not bother parents. As they grow older, the period of the orthodox phase gradually increases, and the child begins to sleep more peacefully.
So, you are still convinced that the child sleeps less than expected. Why do newborns sleep poorly? In fact, there are many reasons.
The first is discomfort from gas and intestinal colic. As a rule, they occur as a result of ingestion of air during feeding. If a newborn screamed loudly for a long time, he could have accidentally swallowed excess air.
Of course, sleep disorders are often accompanied by other diseases. If the child has a fever, other irritating symptoms have appeared, it is quite understandable why he does not want to sleep the amount of time allotted to him.
The psychological situation in the house is also of great importance. A newborn has a close emotional connection with his mother, and therefore if parents constantly argue, shout, swear, it will not affect the baby in the best way.
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Another reason why newborns do not sleep well is the situation when they confuse night and day. This happens quite often. Here you need to watch the baby himself. If he hardly sleeps at night, it is likely that he does it in the daytime. There is nothing to worry about, because the crumbs have not yet established biorhythms.
The cause of the baby's anxiety may be skin irritations (diaper rash, sweating), an overflowing diaper or thoroughly wet diapers.
If the newborn does not sleep well, it is likely that he is hungry. Until the baby eats normally, you should not count on a calm, serene sleep.
Sometimes the cause of sleep disorders are problems with the nervous system or banal overexcitation. Too many bright emotions and impressions, frequent visits of guests – all this, of course, is good, but in moderation. Constantly overloading a newborn with such "surprises", you can do him a disservice.
Finally, the child may be cold or hot, uncomfortable in your chosen clothes.
After analyzing all these factors, you will be able to find out why the newborn sleeps poorly. As a rule, you can cope with this problem on your own, but sometimes you need the help of a pediatrician (for example, if the baby is sick).
Now you know why newborns don't sleep well. How to help a child and improve his sleep? Here are some simple tips for young parents in such a case:
Frequent awakenings of babies, difficulties with subsequent falling asleep, crying and screaming in a dream can be associated with the following reasons:
Hunger is the main cause of restless sleep in babies from 0 to 3 months. Children who are naturally fed wake up every 1–3 hours for feeding. Babies on artificial feeding eat less often (every 2–5 hours), because it takes more time for the gastrointestinal tract to digest the mixture.
Mothers of babies who are breastfed have a choice: to feed their children on demand or by the hour. The WHO recommends choosing the first option, which not only satisfies the child's food needs, but also contributes to his calm behavior. When feeding on demand, mothers should not be afraid to overfeed babies: they will never eat more than they need.
It happens that a child often wakes up and asks for a breast due to a woman's lack of milk. In such a situation, the baby, in addition to restless sleep, will experience insufficient weight gain, a decrease in the number of urinations, dry skin.
Intestinal colic in infants — sudden paroxysmal abdominal pain. Children with colic are restless, eat poorly, regurgitate a lot, often knock their legs, sometimes throw their head back and arch.
The exact cause of colic in babies is unknown. There are several theories of the origin of paroxysmal pains. One of them is the immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract. Imperfect motor function of the digestive tract leads to increased gas formation in the intestine, which causes pain syndrome.
As a rule, colic is a physiological norm and passes independently by the age of 3 months. Therefore, parents should be patient and calmly treat this condition of the child.
What can help a baby with colic?
Phytopreparations and probiotics are also used to relieve colic. However, such treatment can be used only after consultation with a pediatrician.
In the first three months of life, babies develop hearing and vision rapidly. Thanks to this, they actively get acquainted with the world around them, get a lot of emotions and impressions. And if a newborn perceives only loud sounds, then by the age of 2 months the baby begins to hear low and quiet tones, learns to compare what he heard with what he saw, tries to connect auditory and sound impressions together.
During sleep, the child's brain carefully processes and analyzes all the impressions received by him during the waking period. Therefore, an overabundance of emotions can negatively affect children's sleep. Too loud music before going to bed, a large crowd of people — all this affects the quality of rest. The elimination of such factors will help to avoid an overabundance of emotions in the child.
Uncomfortable conditions can also cause a baby's restless sleep. The optimal conditions for children's recreation are:
Well, what kind of mom will refuse to carry her baby in her arms and rock him when he is naughty and does not go to bed? Meanwhile, such manipulations before going to bed will eventually lead to the fact that the child will not be able to fall asleep on his own.
Of course, it is not necessary to establish strict discipline for the baby in behavior before going to bed. It is not necessary to leave the baby alone in the crib. You can just be around. Not to carry in your arms, but to hug. Not to shake, but to stroke the head. In fact, this is filling in the same missing contact with the mother.
Somatic diseases include disorders caused by external influences or malfunction of internal organs. But at the same time they have nothing to do with the human psyche. The most common somatic disorders in infants are runny nose and dermatitis.
In the first case, a full-fledged child's sleep is hindered by difficult nasal breathing. With dermatitis, the child's body is covered with inflamed areas that itch and cause severe discomfort. Competent treatment prescribed by a pediatrician will allow you to cope with such diseases.
The functioning of the brain and spinal cord is impossible without regular circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid, a biological fluid consisting of water, amino acids, enzymes, trace elements. Normal circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid provides the brain and spinal cord cells with the necessary nutrients, removes metabolic products, levels short-term changes in blood composition. Any deviation in the cerebrospinal fluid circulation system leads to an excessive accumulation of biological fluid in the cavities of the brain and an increase in intracranial pressure.
High intracranial pressure in infants is manifested not only by sleep disorders, but also by other signs:
In order to identify and eliminate the disorder, it is necessary to do a neurosonography (ultrasound of the brain with a Doppler) and consult a neurologist.
It is important to gradually accustom the baby to sleep independently. Do not rush to him, hearing the slightest rustle – so the child will finally wake up. Let him lie down for a while – if nothing bothers him, he will soon fall asleep himself. You can also show the newborn that if, for example, he slept on his side, you can roll over on your back and continue your travels through the sleepy realm.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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