About approval of rules of good pharmacy practice in the pharmaceutical sphere were talking back in 2016. It was widely believed that this document will become a key industry in the act, 2017 and So it happened. Let us consider briefly the contents of act Good pharmacy practice review.
Order 647н, containing the new order was registered by Ministry of justice on 9 January 2017 This document came into effect on March 1 of the year indicated.
Order 647н is a set of instructions, the failure of which shall entail the appropriate consequences, including administrative responsibility according to KoAP. Other orders, decrees, laws this document is, of course, does not change. The order of Ministry of health, however, accumulates a number of their provisions. They are all now contained in a single legal act.
Before the introduction of the document into action it was felt that it will be the most used instrument in the pharmaceutical industry. And pharmacy managers and pharmacists, and pharmacists, and other employees will open the Rules of good pharmacy practice to specify how to make a particular product, how to organize paperwork how to consult the buyer and so on. Simply put, it was expected that the act will be a benefit No. 1 in the pharmacies.
The Rules of good pharmacy practice there are new guidelines and regulations. Their use is, of course, a few will change the daily activities of pharmacy organizations.
Fixed The Order of Ministry of health Rules of good pharmacy practice contain, among other things, a detailed description of the actions, mechanisms and processes of the pharmacies. For example, they contain details of the implementation of acceptance inspection of the products.
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It is Worth to say that work on sets of Rules is fairly long. So, in 1993 the IFF (international pharmaceutical Federation) has developed a document, the name of which in Russian translates as "Good pharmacy practice".
In 1997 and 2001 this document was processed. In the revision of the "Good pharmacy practice", were not only international, but also who.
To say that the NAP was not any specific guidance. The document was not a detailed description of all procedures and aspects of pharmacy work. "Proper pharmacy practice" – a common base the scheme on the basis of which had developed the regulations in different countries taking into account the specifics of a state. National NAB, in turn, must be detailed.
Implementation of the Rules of good pharmacy practice is due, according to experts, two reasons.
First and foremost the Ministry of health together with the health Ministry has intensified its efforts to improve the regulatory framework of the pharmaceutical sector.
Second, experts believe that the emergence of Rules of good pharmacy practice in the Russian Federation related to the participation in the EEU. The fact that Russia's partners in this organization have long had their NAP. One of directions of work of the Ombudsman institutions of the EEU is to bring into a single form of pharmacological legislation of member countries.
The Rules of good pharmacy practice consist of 8 sections:
The new Rules of good pharmacy practice explores the concept of "pharmaceutical service". It understands the service provided by the pharmacy organization and aims to ensure the needs of the buyer in medicines and other products of pharmaceutical assortment. In the framework of providing consumers and health care providers should obtain information about the presence, storage, use of products.
The Consultation is aimed at ensuring responsible self-medication. Under it, in turn, need to understand reasonable use by the purchaser nonprescription Drugs. According to the Rules NAP, they should be used for the prevention of health disorders of mild to medical care. From this we can conclude that self-application of prescription drugs, for example antibiotics, is regarded as an irresponsible self-medication.
In article 2.4 deals with the concept of "pharmaceutical products range." It is believed that this term was first fixed on a normative level. However, innovation can be called formal, because the definition is almost completely duplicates the paragraph 7article 55 "About Retail". The pharmaceutical range Listed in it in some detail.
One of the novels "Good pharmacy practice" is the provision on the storage of medicines. It is present in the section that contains information about the equipment.
Attention should be paid to the wording that allowed storage of prescription drugs on display in open, glass cabinets, if consumers do not have physical access. This provision caused a lot of controversy even before the adoption of Standards of good pharmacy practice.
In the international practice, three approaches to the release and display of prescription medicines. In some countries, leave is solely at the recipes, and showcases such funds are laid. In other States there are no restrictions in this matter.
The provisions of the "Good pharmacy practice" in Russia experts have called the third approach. You must follow the terms:
Specify the open glass cabinets aimed, among other things, to pharmacy organizations did not apply penalties for funds that are on display behind the pervostolnik (pharmacist serving consumers) who do not have access to pharmacies, but addressed to him. Auditors often consider glass "facade" showcase, as it is visible from the hall. Accordingly, to pharmacy claims. Now everything will depend on strict adherence to the set conditions.
It Should be noted that the wording "to keep" does not mean "must".
Experts predicted that the probability of the extension of the calculations in prescription pharmacies is very small. The fact that some organizations do not have sufficient space, the employees of other structures tend to minimize contacts with consumers who saw the medicine in the window and require or ask you to sell it without a prescription.
This process is detailed in the new Rules. Experts and pharmaceutical industry representatives respond positively to this innovation.
The Procedure for acceptance of the goods the subject of the article 6.2. It explains in detail inspection. In particular, there are guidelines on what details the primary and secondary packaging, documentation, labeling is necessary to pay attention.
The acceptance Process detailed not only for pharmaceutical substances and medicinal preparations. Detailed and of Supplements, diet products, baby, health food, tools, and items for childcare, cosmetic products, mineral waters, medical products.
Experts recommend to make a printout of the rules inspection and keep it in a visible place as a visual aid.
In article 6.4 says that the sale of products in pharmacies involves not only direct the release and implementation, but also providing information within the scope of pharmaceutical workers. Of particular note are the following provisions of law:
According to experts, this provision, of course, correct. After all, every buyer has the right to consult in the framework of private discussions on matters of their own health, including with the pharmacist. Experts emphasize that these rules are Advisory, not mandatory. The fact that in the framework of current legislation and the current pharmacy practice, far not all pharmacies may allocate such zones technically, not everywhere it is appropriate.
In the small pharmacies are no place for large objects, on the contrary, the space allows you to hold a private conversation without the office of the special zone.
Only two of Them. App fix simple scheme of counselling for cases when the user:
In the Rules it is noted that for each symptom, the pharmacy must have a separate survey design. However, the NAP does not explain where to take the sample.
Experts focus on one provision of article 6.4. It provides that a pharmaceutical employee is obliged to make every effort to ensure that the buyer, made the decision to purchase drugs, has formed a sufficient understandingabout:
Of Course, most of this information is present in the instructions to the tool. However, about it in article 6.4 does not say.
The analysis of language there are many questions. For example, what it means to "make every effort"? How to measure the "adequacy of representation" of the buyer about the product?
Experts note the vagueness, the subjectivity of the wording. Some experts suggest that these gaps give another reason regulatory agencies to apply to for pharmacy sanctions.
Pervostolnik, of course, able to answer all customer questions (within his competence, of course), provide accurate information, and so on. However, the pharmacist even with all this, can not guarantee the formation of "adequate representation" to the client about the product. And suddenly people were not listening very carefully or didn't get enough sleep today? In addition, perhaps consumers in General have come in the pharmacy to submit a claim.
In addition, it is necessary to understand what the detailed consultation may take some time. How then to deal with other customers in the queue? After all, they too are entitled to "adequate representation" on the interest of their goods.
To meet the requirements prescribed by the Rules, the head of the pharmacy is required to approve the staffing. It must contain:
Each employee should be familiar with his duties and rights under the painting.
For activities that affect product quality may not be staff with the necessary qualifications and experience.
Actually, all these rules are present in other regulations, standards, etc.
It is implemented for newly hired employees. After the program checked from time to time knowledge, skills, experience.
Requirements for experience and qualifications of the Director and employees of a pharmacy laid down in the Statute on licensing of pharmaceutical activities.
The Head of a pharmaceutical organization provides training on the rules of vacation:
During the preparation of the staff also addresses issues relating to:
First and foremost, it is performed by the head of the pharmacy organization. The evaluation is aimed at testing the completeness of compliance with the requirements laid down in the Rules of NAP, to determine corrective actions.
Analysis of the issues relating to personnel, premises, equipment, observance of rules of sale of products of pharmaceutical assortment, documentation, events, working with the suggestions and feedback of consumers, activities to detect counterfeit, adulterated, substandard goods, internal audit, performed by the head in accordance with the schedule, approved in the prescribed manner.
He must be independent and thorough. Internal audit is performed by persons from among the staff authorized by the head of the pharmacy organization. Allowed third party entities on a contractual basis.
The results of the inspection should be documented. The documentation shall include all information obtained in the course of the audit, as well as proposals for corrective measures, if there is a need for them.
The Measures taken by the audit also recorded the acts.
The audit also finds shortcomings in the process of complying with the requirements of legislation and the formulation of recommendations for preventive and corrective actions.
The internal audit program should take into account the results of previous audits, including those conducted by regulatory authorities.
The Entity appointed responsible for the audited activity of a pharmacy, shall ensure the prompt execution of preventive and corrective measures.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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