How to choose a septic tank for a private home and not make a mistake?


2018-03-18 08:21:07




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Furnished cottage or country cottage, where there is no centralized sewage system, certainly raise the question of how to choose a septic tank for a private home. Some decide to save and build latrines. However, this method is short-lived and unhygienic. A cesspool has always been famous for its unpleasant odor.

When Choosing a septic tank for the house, you must consider the amount of waste and the size of the serviced area, as well as the degree of purification and other important factors.

Types of local treatment systems

Based on the planned level of costs for installation and the required characteristics of the installation, you must correctly pick the right septic tank for your home. How to choose the suitable type, will meet the principle of operation of the Autonomous system.

All the existing models can be divided into several groups.

  • The Cumulative type of system. This is the easiest way of cleaning wastes and the cheapest. In an airtight container to store all the runoff. Such a design can be assembled independently of any waste container. This system will suit people who do not often go to the country or to the cottage. Otherwise, to pump the sewage wastes from the septic tank in a private house will have to quite often.
  • Septic tank with soil polishing. The consumer is offered a container of infiltrators that represent the aeration pad with the bottom of a rectangular shape. It is allowed to create their own fields for cleaning.
  • Deep cleaning of wastewater. The principle of operation is the deposition of solid waste and processing of biologically active elements produced by the septic tank. How to choose the amount and performance, will determine the number of people on site. This type of cleaning allows to process up to 95% waste. The downside of such systems is the high cost.


Burdened with finding a solution to the question of how to choose a septic tank for the cottages, it is also necessary to determine the Autonomous sanitation material is best suited for site conditions.


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It is Possible to give preference to concrete. This material is durable, waterproof and durable. The installation will not take much time. It should also be noted that the concrete other materials are less affected by cold and temperature changes.

When Choosing a septic tank for a private home, do not make it of solid concrete, because the installation in this case is quite complex.

Many gardeners opt for brick self-contained sewage systems, which are quite easy to install. In quality they are almost equal to concrete structures. How to choose a septic tank for a private home

The Most common and cheapest form of septic tanks-plastic. However, this option is the most short-lived, because it is easier to cause mechanical damage. Big pressure of the soil, this material also will not stand.

Proved the effectiveness of bioseptic who recycle waste with the help of special bacteria.

Volume of a septic tank

The performance of the Autonomous cleaning system is calculated from the number of people that will be in a given area, and the frequency of attendance of the object.Installation of a septic tank in a private house

According to SNiP 2.04.03-85, water consumption per person per day is 200 l. This amount includes the cost of water for showering and bathing, sewage sludge and use of the kitchen. When total costs are more than 5 cubic meters per day, the calculation is made by multiplying the rate of consumption 2.5.

The selection Circuit of the septic tank for the cottages is as follows:

The Number of people x 200 x 3/1000 = cubic meters

The formula uses required for cleaning the amount of time. Autonomous sewage system recycles waste every 3 days. The result is a necessary capacity of the installation of a septic tank in a private house.

Calculated value is approximate and depends on many additional factors. Deciding what kind of septic tank to choose, you need to consider the individual needs of the cottage people, the frequency of their home visits. A plot of the garden.

The Installation of a septic tank in a private house, where people come rarely and are not very big company, involves the installation of smaller stomachintestinal system. If in the country in the summer season intended to live permanently, closing conservation from his garden, a capacity for Autonomous sewer should be increased.

Number of cameras

Once the volume of stamocostas was calculated according to the formula, taking into account all the individual characteristics of the consumption of water at the site, determines the number of sections that will have a septic tank for the cottage. How to choose the system type will tell you before a certain capacity for Autonomous sewer.

When the sewage flow is 1 cubic meter per day, you should install single-chamber purifier drain.Septic tank, sewage in a private home

If the cost of time will be in the range from 1 to 10 cubic meters, two-compartment septic tank for the cottage would be the best choice.

With daily consumption of more than 10 cubic meters of water, it is reasonable to mount the three-chamber of the Autonomous cleaner of sewers. In the first section is the accumulation and sedimentation of solid waste. The fluid enters the second and third chambers, where it must be cleaned and drainage is drained from the system.

How to choose a septic tank for a private home in which the owners have special requirements for the waste management professionals who have sufficient qualifications and professional experience.

Ground plot

The Nature of the soil and permeability of water through it, which will install takooshian, is of great importance for the correct selection of a septic tank.

Septic tank for the house, how to chooseFor light sandy soil will suit any Autonomous sewer system. In the case where the soil is heavy, you should install the design principle of biological purification or with the drive, passing to waste is not released into the soil.

If the area is characterized by high permeability groundwater, a septic tank with soil polishing will not work. You can only use an airtight container.

Locating septic tank

Considering all the above factors, it is necessary to consider one more that affect the installed septic tank. Sewage in a private house should have the correct location of the tank.Septic tank for the cottage, what to choose

If the site has groundwater close to the surface, should prefer the horizontal location of the container stamocostas. The septic tank will resemble in its form the tank.

At the site with a deep groundwater table to save space under an Autonomous sewer, you can have the capacity vertically. In this case, the pit is fairly deep.

How to choose the right septic tankAlso note that the sanitary standards of the septic tank should be located not less than 50 m from water intake and 5-20 m from the house.

Therefore, solving the problem of how to choose a septic tank, you must correctly plan the space of the site and soil characteristics, and then determine the type of location capacity of the system.

Plastic takooshian

To date, the most popular are a plastic violin. The wide spread of this kind of battery drain was the result of low prices. Plastic is less resistant material. However, the modern types of these stock systems are made on the new technologies and adapted not only to conditions of a suburban area, but specific industries.

A Good option of the septic tank for the cottage or private house becomes plastic takooshian. This material is designed to withstand significant changes in temperature and the influence of chemical substances.

The Technology of manufacturing of plastic containers allows you to produce seamless multi-layered containers which can be made in any configuration. Increased density of the walls allows you to extend the lifetime container.

Polypropylene cleaner

Another type of plastic Autonomous Sewerage is polypropylene septic tank. The material from which the produce capacity, it features high strength and resistance to abrasion, and withstand them by the effluent temperature reaches 140 degrees. Septic tank, how to choosePolypropylene septic tanks are very resistant to stress corrosion cracking. This is a very durable option.

Fiberglass cleaner

Another great solution to the question of how to choose a septic tank for a private home, that he has served the owners for a long time, will become the choice of fiberglass stamocostas.

The Base material for this type of containers is made from resin. In the technological process, in order to strengthen the walls of the container, they are reinforced stack...

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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