Interested in "Print – what is it?"

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2018-03-18 02:50:57

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In many homes to this day preserved flat black wood with slotted them simple pictures. The few owners of this Soviet consumer goods to this day are sure that you possess the art objects called prints. Not that they're wrong, though about the current art here cannot be and speeches. Just print – this is a much broader concept than many people think. Deal: print – what is it?print what's this

About the meaning of the word

The Word “print” is a Russian variant of the term, brought to us from Europe, where he appeared in the 14th to 15th centuries (French'estampe, Italian stampa), and was directly associated with the development of printing. The print is called the print or any other print matrices (plates) on a sheet of paper. At first, printmaking was not a self-sufficient form of art, and was only a technical means of reproduction of images. And very time-consuming, requiring from the performer of the sophistication and superior craftsmanship. But since then, the technique of printmaking is constantly evolving and improving. It is overgrown in unexpected techniques, has taken a new shape, because now it is not so easy to determine the meaning of words. Prints nowadays – it is an umbrella name for many types of art.

Types of printsprint technique

Trying to understand what constitutes the technique of engraving, please first contact stories. Before the image is printed on paper, it should be drawn or engraved on some basis: wood, metal, etc. First began to appear of wood engraving, and later, in copper. Over time, and any other varieties of similar techniques. Convex and in - depth prints their technology differed only for those, what color imprint will correspond to the indentations on the matrix Board. Lithograph – on a flat surface the paint was applied, and the resulting impression, as a rule, had no relief. Currently, the prints, depending on the method of their derivation, can be attributed to several types: high and gravure printing, flat screen printing. Each of these types, in turn divided into groups. Talk about this in more detail.

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meaning of the word prints

Graphics Greek – it is a drawing. Subsequently transferred to another graphic material – print. But we should not assume prints some ancient, antediluvian skill: this type of creativity is popular in many countries to this day. For example, in Mexico regularly arranged contests-exhibitions that help wishing to master this common in the country occupation. After viewing the works of local artists, the answer to the question: ‘Print - what is it?” will be: “Print – it is the combined talent of the artist and Woodcarver”. Because the technology works with long time virtually unchanged. On a Board of hard wood cutters apply the desired pattern, then with a roller, it is covered with ink. And then to the Board is applied a sheet of paper and pressed. Impressions can do a lot, and each considered an original.

Etching

Yet to the question "Print what is this?” do not rush to answer: “Craft”. Print – this is the art, to engage in that did not avoid even the most eminent painters. One of the types of printmaking - etching - became known in particular due to the works of such geniuses of his time, as Rembrandt and Goya. The word "etching" (from French eau-forte, the water is strong, i.e., nitric acid) means a type of engraving on metal, the way to get the prints with the printed forms, pre-treated with acids. On a metal Board with a needle make the pattern, then a deepening of the elements of the image increase by metal etching acids. Later etched space is filled with paint and special machines to print the stamp on the wet paper. Technology is not simple, but the result! His etchings became famous genius Albrecht dürer, but this same technique worked and many others – known or already forgotten masters.

meaning of the word prints

Screen printing

Right to the question "Print what is this?” the answer: "Silkscreen". Serigraphy, or screen printing, called the method of reproduction of texts or graphics with printed shapes-stencil through which paint falls on a specially prepared material. The method of using the emulsion, much like the process of printing photos. Currently, screen printing is especially popular as the most technologically advanced. Its use is almost infinite: from microcircuits to large posters, from one copy to thousands of copies. The screen printing method is applicable for paper and textiles, to ceramics and synthetic materials. Screen printing is ideal for processing products of different shapes and purposes: cans, bottles, balloons, latex, etc.

But the silkscreen is not only of immense practical importance. Silkscreen – it is also a very interesting art which has gained popularity in the last century. He was addressed even by such famous figures as Jackson Pollock and Fernand léger, Andy Warhol and a number of other wonderful, not like other masters. They proved: prints – great!

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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