They're always late with the delivery of operational projects and utilities... They forget to cash gift certificates, and often are not on the planned meeting... About such people we say that they are irresponsible, lazy and unreliable. This is partly true. But the main reason that these individuals do not have time to do all the time is procrastination. What it is, try to understand just now.
The Term "procrastination" comes from the Latin word, where pro - means in front, instead, and crastinus-of tomorrow. That is, in psychology, this concept points to the human tendency to continuously postpone “tomorrow” important and unimportant matters, shirking tasks and problems, the avoidance of the fulfillment of the undertaken commitments. Experts say that often this condition becomes a mechanism for combating anxiety, anxiety, when the individual is experiencing that can not cope with the task or fail to complete it. In addition, they identify three criteria on the basis of which procrastination is defined as the behavior of the individual: the delay, the inefficiency and futility.
According to statistics, 20% of people suffer from this psychological problem. For them, the normal operating condition is procrastination. What is it? In simple words, this is a situation when the implementation of the plan a person is distracted by different stuff: wipes computer monitor, removes the paper from the table or reading a newspaper.
Procrastination is often called the plague of the XX century. But actually people were exposed to her many centuries ago. The earliest mention of “postponing for tomorrow the important things” are the sacred texts of Indian society the Bhagavad-Gita, created before our era, as well as quotations from poems of the famous ancient Greek poet Hesiod. However, at that time the concept was not a separate psychological category.
How is it that people are influenced by? Today they live, unaware, and tomorrow you can rewrite a single apartment to a complete stranger. Very often under the influence of some factor people give all their money, jewelry and even life. Is it possibl...
Traditionally the residents of developed countries (Europeans and Americans) are turning to doctors of this specialty. Shows whether the current life in the Russian capital demand of the profession "family psychologist" (Moscow)? Reviews of the inhab...
The Child was 7 years old. Begins a new phase in life. The kid goes to the stage of growing up, going to school. And then the parents start to sound the alarm, saying, the child is uncontrollable, does not obey, Hamming. The main thing - not to panic...
When did the term "procrastination"? It happened in 1977: in the specialized foreign literature first described the phenomenon and gave it definition. And in 1992, began to examine it in detail thanks to the British scientist Noah Milgram, who drew his colleagues ' attention to the problem. As the most striking example, he described the process of writing by students term papers and dissertations: the job starts in a very set time frame when to postpone quite impossible or there was a clear threat never to stop.
If you dig a little deeper, we can draw the following conclusion: such a state of mind and body makes life much easier. So, procrastination: what is it? In other words, this is a simplified version of the existence, when it becomes less stressful and responsible. Experts identify the main symptoms of psychological phenomena:
The interesting thing is that the cyclical nature of procrastination has symptoms, they are the same process steps are repeated with all subsequent cases. The phenomenon is not a disease, sometimes it's just a lifestyle or a banal self-doubt and self-confidence.
A lot of Them. But psychologists were able to identify the main reasons which make a man a chronic procrastinator:
The Above factors in most cases lead to the development of this condition. But it should be remembered that depending on the features of the behavior of human nature will manifest and procrastination. Its causes lie deep in the consciousness and can be customized.
To determine the most susceptible to this as individuals, psychologists often use the popular method. Procrastination or a tendency to it is diagnosed in such persons:
Procrastinators may be other persons in certain circumstances, upbringing and features of character.
Many equate these two concepts. In fact, laziness and procrastination – are completely different things, although in many ways similar and inseparable. The main difference – activities. If laziness – it is man's desire to do nothing and just rest, lie, sleep, procrastination – activity directed to any detail, if only to avoid the execution of the main global actions. Procrastinators hard to blame that they did nothing, in fact they were busy – just not what you need. Such individuals are justified, that the other, more important issues.
A Canadian scientist pierce steel for many years studied the phenomenon, revealing new facets that were hidden hitherto procrastination. Books written by them, gave the answer to the question of why people prefer to postpone the case indefinitely. To this end, he derived a formula: U=EV/ID, where U – the desire to do something is equal to the product of the expectation of success (E) and value of completion (V) divided by the urgency of (I) multiplied by a personal sensitivity to a particular activity (D). The findings suggest that individuals postpone tasks if they do not bring immediate success-material benefits, praise, promotion. Then there are fans to drag love to live to the current day, hour, moment, and don't care about the future.
Procrastination is not a disease. Despite this, it requires some care, because the aggravation of the problem leads to serious trouble. The struggle with procrastination, or due to a chronic shortage of time the person will be in constant stress and anxiety. The time constraints also causes mental and physical stress. Such an individual may be nervous and angry, as he often forgets to meet their basic needs for food and sleep. He develops a sense of guilt, he loses productivity and in many respects its potential remains undiscovered or unimplemented.
Gradually the person loses the ability to organization. It is late, with difficulty adjusting to changing circumstances, losing control over time, preferring to concentrate on anything but what is really needed. At the initial stage of the development of procrastination, the individual responds aggressively to changes in schedule, constantly shifts the blame for its failure on others. Subsequently, the situation can develop under two schemes: the first – a tense snatch in front of the boundary term, which will lead to complete exhaustion and exacerbation of the problem, the second – it will not succeed, causing depression and poor health.
Each case is different. Only after a conversation with the patient, the psychologist can recommend effective methods for the current specific situation. General recommendations are:
Article in other languages:
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
Some perfect act in front of an audience, others are too shy to ask about the price of goods in the store. Some people suffer humiliation in order to be accepted into the social circle, others are invisible Royal crown and close t...
How often do we think: "to Know where to fall...". How sometimes regret untapped opportunities or erroneous actions. Everyone wanted to know and understand how to make the right decision, which led along the correct path to the ta...
How to look at 100? This question is asked by millions of women around the world. But unfortunately, it often remains unanswered due to various circumstances, the most important being laziness. After all, in order to make men craz...
Perseverance is the ability to concentrate long on anything. Little children find it hard to sit still for a long period of time without distractions. Curiosity and activity interfere with the preschooler to focus on a single less...
a sure-fire way to win the attention of any guy is to speak cleverly, touching on the issues that he cares about. Focusing attention on its merits, you will easily achieve recognition and friendly relations. In one of the aphorism...
so, happy the man – who is it? Rare species listed in the Red book because of its uniqueness and rarity? Once at the satiety and satisfaction of the people forgot their purpose, drugged his inner voice calling him to feats a...