Psychology is a relatively young science, which took shape in the late nineteenth century. But for the short period of its existence the number of destinations that are able to stand out due to the diversity of practical and theoretical challenges facing it. Due to this, formed a very rich library of psychology. She in recent years updated with more and more number of modern scientific and educational-methodical works.
The Main branches of psychology combines a single object — psyche. The basis of their allocation is what aspect and in what conditions is studied. Therefore, the proposed classification for the main sections of conditional and can over time be changed.
The Main branches of psychology.
General psychology examines the practical and cognitive human activities. Thanks to the obtained results in this industry, has formed the scientific knowledge and concepts about the basic principles and methods of psychological science.
Social psychology comprehend the basic laws of society and the individual in the human psyche, which are formed in the interaction of society and personality, as well as in groups. This sector is relatively recent.
Developmental psychology explores the psyche in ontogenesis (development from conception to death). In her at the time of its formation have been able to stand a few sections: baby (considered individually-psychological peculiarities of children up to six years), and depending on the age stages (psychology of elementary school age, teenager, boys, adult, and gerontology).
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The subject of Educational psychology Supports the psyche of the student and the teacher, which is regarded as part of the educational process, as well as training and education.
There are a narrow main branches of psychology. Let us dwell on some of them.
Honey. psychology, or as it is called, the Clinical, considers the psyche in terms of physical and mental illness. In the framework of already allocated: somatopsychology, psychopathology and neuropsychology.
Psychology considering the abnormal development of human consciousness. In the framework took shape typhlopedagogy, surdopedagogy and oligophrenopedagogy.
Psychophysiology – this is a special industry, which is the ratio of interaction between mental and biological, physiology of higher nervous activity and psychology. In recent years very actively began to develop psychogenetics.
Psychology the psyche considers working conditions. It includes the following sections: the psychology of art, sport, advertising, trade; and professional psychology (forensic, legal, political, military, institutional, aviation, aerospace, engineering, etc.).
Psycholinguistics is studying speech as a specific form of the psyche, which uses the language system as an internal tool. Within it includes such sections as psychosemantics and psychosemiotics.
Differential (comparative) psychology identifies the differences in the psyche of the people: ethnicity, typological, individual and others.
Mathematical psychology closely involved in issues of measurement in this science, methods quantitative analysis the results that were obtained in psychological research.
The Major branches of psychology that have formed at the present time, allow us to represent it as one of the most fundamental and strategic disciplines, the future which is at the junction of various Sciences.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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