For each person it is extremely important to feel free and independent from external circumstances and other people. However, it is not easy to deal with whether there is true freedom, or our actions are driven by necessity.
Many believe that freedom – is the ability to do and act as we please, to follow our own desires and not depend on other people's opinions. However, this approach to the definition of freedom in real life would lead to arbitrariness and infringement of the rights of others. That is why philosophy stands out the concept of necessity.
The Need for – these are some circumstances that restrain the freedom and forcing the person to act according to common sense and to socially accepted norms. The need is sometimes contrary to our desires, however, thinking about the consequences of their actions, we are forced to limit their freedom. Freedom and necessity in human activities – it is a category of philosophy, the relationship between them is the subject of controversy for many scientists.
Complete freedom implies the ability of a person to do absolutely anything he wants regardless cause whether his actions anyone harm and inconvenience. If everyone could act on your desires without thinking about the consequences for other people in the world would have reigned total chaos. For example, if a person wanted to have the same phone as colleagues, possessing full freedom, he could just come and take it away.
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That is why society created certain rules and regulations that restrict the permissiveness. In the modern world freedom in human activity is regulated primarily by the law. There are other rules that affect the behavior of people, for example, etiquette and subordination. Such a restriction of freedom of action gives a person confidence that his rights will not be infringed by others.
In philosophy, since there are disputes about whether the relationship between freedom and necessity in human activities. Contrary to these concepts to each other or, conversely, are inseparable.
Freedom and necessity in human activities are seen by some scholars as mutually exclusive concepts. From the point of view of the adherents of the theory of idealism, freedom can only exist in the context in which it anyone and is not limited. In their opinion, any bans do for the person impossible the realization and evaluation of the moral consequences of his actions.
Supporters of a mechanical determinism, by contrast, believe that all events and actions in human life is due to external necessity. They completely deny the existence of free will and define the need as an absolute and objective concept. In their opinion, all the deeds, committed by people who do not depend on their desires, and certainly predetermined.
From the perspective of the scientific approach freedom and necessity in human activities are closely interlinked. Freedom is defined as the cognized necessity. The person is not able to affect the objective conditions of his activity, however he can choose the goal and the means of achieving it. Thus, freedom in man is the ability to make an informed choice. That is, make a decision.
Freedom and necessity in human activities can not exist without each other. In our life freedom is a continuous freedom of choice, the necessity is present as the objective circumstances in which a person is forced to act.
Each day the person is given the opportunity to choose. Almost every minute we make decisions in favor of one option or the other: to get up in the morning early or to sleep longer, to eat for Breakfast, something hearty or drink tea, go to work on foot or by car. External circumstances while our choice does not affect - the person is guided by personal beliefs and preferences.
Freedom – is always a relative concept. Depending on the specific conditions a person can have freedom or lose it. The degree of manifestation also always different. In some circumstances a person can choose goals and means of achieving them, in other - freedom to choose ways to adapt to reality.
In ancient times people had a rather limited freedom. The need for human activities were not always aware of it. People depended on nature, the mysteries of which could not comprehend the human mind. There was a so-called unknown the need. Man was not free, for a long time remained a slave, blindly obeying the laws of nature.
With the development of science people have found the answers to many questions. Phenomena that were previously for human to the divine, received a logical explanation. People's actions become meaningful and causal connections allowed to realize the necessity of certain actions. The higher the progress of society, the freer it becomes. In the modern world in developed countries, border freedom of the individual are only the rights of others....
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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