One of the most outstanding writers of the twentieth century is considered to be kaisyn shuvaevich Guliyev. Biography of the Soviet writer from the beginning had a lot of dark spots and was filled with different events. The future poet kaisyn Guliyev was born in the most that neither is disturbing the start time of the revolutions and troubles of the reconstructions in the upper circles of power. Happened this honourable event November 1, 1917 in the village of Upper Chegem. his Father worked as a rancher and a hunter, but, unfortunately, died when the boy was still very small. So this person is the Kaysyn remained rather vague memories.
Let's talk in more detail about this man. No one knew who would be in the future kaisyn Guliyev. Biography brief cites many places where he had to get an education.
After school, the future poet went to Nalchik in the pedagogical College. At this time he began to write poetry. Thick notebooks with scribbled pages completely filled with masterpieces of the young poet, and the first publication took place in 1933.
The Further development of literary skills of kaisyn Kuliev occurred at the State Institute of theatrical art (GITIS) and the Institute of Literature named after M. Gorky.
Having Received an excellent education, Kaysyn always with gratitude will remember the years spent in GITIS, but by the time he's already hard to define what true literature and that it considers its main recognition. At the same time he taught literature and published in various publications.
In 1940, the debut of kaisyn Kuliev - a collection of poems "Hello, the beginning of the day." At a time when Germany declared war on the Soviet Union, the writer was in the Baltic States. Defending the Homeland, the poet did not avoid injuries, after which he in 1942, arrived in Moscow at the invitation of A. Fadeev. Despite the troubled time of war, the poetry of kaisyn Kuliev continued to appear in various publications of the USSR, and also sounded on Soviet radio.
In Moscow, the poet was able to organize a small recital, which was attended by such famous poets and writers like Konstantin Simonov, Boris Pasternak, Vera Zvyagintsev and many others. Of course, the creativity of the young talent was appreciated. After a year of the lyrical collection of kaisyn Kuliev was included in the list of books, claiming the awarding of the Stalin prize. But in connection with the deportation of 1944, the award has not found its owner.
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The war years caused serious damage to the health and soul of the author. He saw much death, pain, suffering, bereavement and heroic battle progress on fronts, multiple victory and defeat. At that time, he worked as a newspaper reporter, "Son of the Fatherland", and at the same time he published his poems, which brought him public recognition.
He Soon learns the sad news about the deportation of the Balkars to Central Asia. The question about the further fate of the poet was not - he simply could not accept this, and therefore went to the aid of his people, knowing all the difficulties that could overtake him there.
He never ceased to write, the desire to be creative could not prevent any bans Kyrgyz authorities. This period was marked by broad participation of Kaysyn in the literary life of his country, but almost all his poems were written "on the table". Thus passed a long ten years of life the great poet.
During this time, he not only addicted to Oriental literature, but it disappeared. Trends of this high culture increasingly captivated the mind of the young poet. At the same time he discovers the great classical works of Russian poets and writers. Later, Boris Pasternak wrote about the Kaysyn Kulieva that over his head met the arrows of the East and West. And he was right. Literature of different times and peoples, the strongest influence on the worldview of the poet who literally taught him that man, who soon wrote his greatest works.
Their teachers rightfully kaisyn Guliyev called the great Russian classics - Mikhail Lermontov, A. S. Pushkin, F. Tyutchev, and many European classics, among which occupies pride of place Lord Byron.
In the mid-fifties at the Moscow literary firmament is flaring up a new star - kaisyn Guliyev, biography which by this time was full of many tragic and joyful events, and the ability to compose lyrical works, was not inferior in workmanship to recognized masters of their craft.
Not so long ago he graduated from the higher literary courses in the capital of the Soviet Union and already thinking about returning Home, where he waited for fame and success, and his works - out and appreciative fans. Literature comes at the same time on the Balkar andRussian.
As it turned out, the author and poet, and many other roles in one person is all kaisyn shuvaevich Guliyev. Biography of the author over several decades gives us a concept about his comprehensive education. After all, he managed to visit and a Board member of the Union of writers of the USSR, and the President for the protection of peace in Kabardino-Balkaria, and the first Secretary of the writers Union.
Biography of kaisyn Kuliev briefly tells us about the heyday of his literary powers. It was during the period of "thaw" and "stagnation" of the work of this man was at the peak of popularity, despite the difficult economic situation in the countries of the Union. His new collections ("Fire on the mountain", "Wounded stone", "Stars burn", "night", "the Ears and the stars") become real bestsellers and have quickly been gaining popularity among the literary elite, and beyond.
Biography of kaisyn Kuliev briefly could not contain in himself all the virtues of the great poet and fully describe his life, which turned out to be really difficult, thorny. Especially the last five years of the life of the great poet was suffering from a serious illness. But it has not released the pen from his hand and did not lose hope, till the last clinging threads of life and continued to write passionately, to be able to say all that needs. Yes, therein lies the secret of such a personality as kaisyn Guliyev, whose biography is filled with magnificent fortitude and courage until his last breath.
From the memoirs of contemporaries of the great man in front of us emerges the image of such a poet as he was in the simple life, behind the scenes of creativity, fame and recognition. Friends admitted that his poems are truly touching them, touching the innermost strings of the soul, and cannot leave indifferent. Chingiz Aitmatov wrote about the Kaysyn that he had a phenomenal memory and paid special attention to classical music, believing that they should praise for the inspiration and the formation of his as a poet.
The Son of kaisyn Kuliev - Alim, who dedicated to him a small work, he says that the father fully had a sense of patience and love. And even now, when he is no longer on earth, he continues to be an example for them of the wisdom of life. Two wonderful sons were able to educate for his life kaisyn Guliyev. Biography, interesting facts about the father and much more - all contained small work of the brothers.
The Children told the father that he was a very kind man and could always share the last crust of bread with the people around him, while remaining hungry. His friends could always rely on him no matter what, and the poet himself was only too happy to help and be useful in all matters of life.
One day, according to the poet's son, he was able to help one innocent convicted person was sentenced to death. The kaysyn he was hoping that his intervention will be able to change something, but decided to try it. What was the surprise and joy when he became the main culprit of good things for this innocent - he changed the punishment, and he was still alive. Kaisyn Guliyev for a long time could not come to himself, enjoying this like a baby. Apparently, good always able to deliver such a pleasure.
Yes, such a man was kaisyn Guliyev. His biography is full of other good things. However, he is a modest man, not used to the whole neighborhood to talk about the achievements of this kind, so we have the opportunity to learn about his magnanimity only through the memories of family and friends.
The Younger generation knows practically nothing about this poet, as kaisyn Guliyev. Brief biography fails to convey the fullness of this man's soul, but even from this handful of facts we can conclude that he was.
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