The law of diminishing marginal productivity. The law of diminishing marginal productivity of factors

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2018-03-19 04:06:05

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The Law of diminishing marginal productivity is one of the conventional economic assertions, according to which the use of new production factors over time leads to a decrease in production volumes. Most often this factor is optional, i.e. not mandatory in a particular industry. It can be applied deliberately and directly in order to the quantity of manufactured goods was reduced, or due to a combination of certain circumstances.

What is the theory of decreasing productivity

As a rule, the law of diminishing marginal productivity plays a key role in the theoretical part of the production. Often it is compared with the proposal of diminishing marginal utility, which is the place to be in consumer theory. The comparison lies in the fact that the above sentence tells us how each individual buyer, and the consumer market, in principle, maximizes the total utility of the manufactured product and determines the nature of demand for pricing policy. The law of diminishing marginal productivity effect on the steps taken by the manufacturer to maximize profits and the dependence of the invoiced prices to demand it of him. And to all these complicated economic aspects and issues become to you clearer and more transparent, let us consider them in more detail and with specific examples.the law of diminishing marginal productivity of factors

Pitfalls in the economy

To start with the very meaning of the wording of this statement. The law of diminishing marginal productivity – this is not a reduction in the number of produced goods in a particular sector of industry for all ages, as it appears in the pages of history books. Its essence lies in the fact that it works only in case of unchanged method of production, if the activity is deliberately “enter” something that slows everyone and everything. Of course, this law does not apply if we are talking about change of productivity features, the introduction of new technologies and so on and so forth. In this case, you say, it turns out that the volume of production in a small business more than its larger counterpart, and this is the crux of the whole question?

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Carefully read the words…

the law of diminishing marginal productivityIn this case we are talking about the fact that the performance decreases due to the variable costs (material or labor) that, accordingly, in a large enterprise, a larger scale. The law of diminishing marginal productivity is triggered when this is the marginal productivity of variable factor reaches its maximum in terms of cost. That is why this language has no relation to increased production base in any industry, whatever it was characterized. In this issue, we note only that not always increase total output of product units leads to improvement in the condition of the company and all business in General. It all depends on the kind of activities, because each individual species has its own optimal limit production growth. And in case of exceeding this border trims the performance of the company, respectively, will begin to decline.

Example of this difficult theory

So, in order to understand exactly how the law of diminishing marginal productivity of factors of production, let us look at a visual example. Suppose you are the Manager of a company. The designated area is a production base where all the equipment necessary for the normal functioning of your company. And everything depends on you now to produce more or fewer goods. You need to hire a certain number of employees to make the appropriate mode of the day, purchasing the right amount of raw materials. The more employees you will have, the denser you make the schedule, the more you will need the basics for your manufactured goods. Accordingly, the volume of production will increase. This is what the law of diminishing marginal productivity of factors that affect the quantity and quality of work.the law of diminishing returns performance

How does it affect the sales price of the product

Go forth, and take the issue about the pricing. Of course, the owner-a gentleman, and he has the right to exhibit the desired charge for your goods. However, to focus on market indicators that has long been established by your competitors and predecessors in this field of activity, still stands. The latter, in turn, tends to change constantly, and sometimes the temptation to sell a certain batch of product, even if “nedopushcheniyu” becomes high when the price reaches its maximum in all markets. In such cases, in order to sell more product units, selects one from two: increase the production base, i.e. raw materials and the area where is your equipment, or hiring more employees, shift work and so on. It then comes into force the law of diminishing marginal productivity returns, according to which each successive unit of variable factor brings a smaller increment in total production than each previous one.

the law of diminishing marginal productivity applies

Features of the formula of decreasing performance

Many, after reading all this, you will think that this theory is nothing but a paradox. In fact, it takes in the economy one of the fundamental positions, and it is based not on theoretical calculations and on empirical. The law of diminishing productivity – this relative formula derived by long-term observations and analysis of activities in different spheres of production. Delving into the history of this term, we note that it was first announced French financial expert by the name of Turgot, who, as a practice of its activities  - reviewed the characteristics of agriculture. So, for the first time “the law of diminishing returns” was bred in the 17th century. He said that the constant increase attached to a particular plot of land of labour leads to lower fertility of this area.the law of diminishing marginal productivity returns

A Little bit of economic theory Turgot

Based on the material set out in their observations, Turgot, the law of diminishing productivity can be formulated in the following way: “the Assumption that increased costs will give a further increased product, is always about”. Originally this theory was purely agricultural background. Economists and analysts have argued that land plot, parameters of which do not exceed 1 ha, it is impossible to grow more and more crops to feed them a lot of people. Even now, in many textbooks, in order to explain students the law of diminishing marginal productivity of resources, use the agricultural sector as a clear and most understandable example.

How it works in agriculture

Let us now try to understand the depth of this question, which is based on, it would seem that such a trivial example. Take a certain plot of land on which every year grow more and more quintals of wheat. Up to a certain point the addition of each additional seed will bring the increase of production. But there comes a tipping stage when it comes into force the law of diminishing productivity of variable factor, implying that the additional costs for labor, fertilizer and other items needed in the production start to exceed the former level of income. If we continue to increase production on the same plot of land, the reduction in past earnings gradually turn into a loss.

the law of diminishing productivity of variable factor

What is the competitive factor?

Assuming that this economic theory has no right to exist in principle, we get the following paradox. For example, the growing new ears of wheat on one plot of land will not be as expensive for the manufacturer. It will be spent on each new unit of their production as well as the previous one, constantly only increasing the volume of their goods. Consequently, such actions, he will be able to produce indefinitely the quality of its products will remain the same high, and the owner will not have to buy new areas for further development. On this basis, we find that all the produced quantity of wheat can be concentrated on a tiny plot of soil. In this case, the aspect of the economy, as competition, simply excludes himself.

Formed a logical chain

the law of diminishing productivityAgree that this theory has no logical basis, as we all know since ...


Article in other languages:

BE: https://www.tostpost.com/be/nav-ny-gramadstva/6536-zakon-zmyanshal-nay-gran-chnay-pradukcyynasc-zakon-zmyanshal-nay-gran-.html

DE: https://www.tostpost.com/de/news-und-gesellschaft/6535-gesetz-der-abnehmenden-grenzproduktivit-t-gesetz-der-abnehmenden-grenz.html

ES: https://www.tostpost.com/es/noticias-y-sociedad/6541-ley-de-disminuci-n-de-la-productividad-mxima-ley-de-disminuci-n-de-la-.html

KK: https://www.tostpost.com/kk/zha-aly-tar-o-am/6538-za-t-mendeu-shekt-n-md-l-g-za-kemu-faktorlardy-shekt-n-md-l-g.html

PL: https://www.tostpost.com/pl/aktualno-ci-i-spo-ecze-stwo/6540-ustawa-ubywa-najwy-szej-wydajno-ci-ustawa-ubywa-najwy-szej-wydajno-ci-.html

PT: https://www.tostpost.com/pt/not-cias-e-sociedade/6536-a-lei-marginal-de-desempenho-a-lei-marginal-de-fatores-de-desempenho.html

TR: https://www.tostpost.com/tr/haber-ve-toplum/6542-kanunu-azalan-marjinal-verimlilik-kanunu-azalan-marjinal-fakt-r-veriml.html

UK: https://www.tostpost.com/uk/novini-ta-susp-l-stvo/6540-zakon-spadno-granichno-produktivnost-zakon-spadno-granichno-produktivn.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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