Parsing words and phrases, analysis of simple and complex sentences

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2018-04-20 08:00:27

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Among the existing parse parsing words, part of sentences and phrases is an important role: it allows us to give a full description of these units of syntax. It is important to understand the difference between them to be able to identify characteristic features for each syntactic unit. In other words, parsing – grammatical characteristics of the phrases and sentences (both simple and complex).

In this type of work is very important to have the ability to distinguish between the basic syntactic units and know the characteristics of each of them. You need certain knowledge and skills in the study of syntax:

 – knowledge of the differences between a phrase and a sentence;

– ability to distinguish simple from complex proposal, to determine the way the syntactic relationship;

– possession of knowledge of the characteristic features of sentences and phrases, understanding the difference between grammar-based and phrase.

Of course in Russian language it is known that the basic units of speech-words, phrases and sentences. Parsing of the word (individual) is not carried out, understand the words phonetically and morphologically. But other units from the point of view of syntax are discussed, and it all begins with the phrase.

By parsing words in the phrase, it is customary to divide the words in main and dependent (defined by the main and he put the question to dependent), simultaneously determining what parts of speech they belong to. The next step – elucidation of General grammatical meanings (a subject and its sign, and sign, action and object and so on). Then determined by the syntactic method of communication by which words are joined together. In the Russian language distinguish alignment, contiguity and control. In the first case, the dependent word is in the main in the same forms, in the second, bound only by implication, the third – in certain forms that do not change.

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In order parse the phrase, rather, his plan is as follows:

  1. Define the main word and dependent, to put the question.
  2. Find Out the kind of phrase (nominal, adverbial, verbal).
  3. To Indicate the syntactic relationship of words in the phrase.

When parsing sentences in the first place, it turns out, what is the sentence simple or complex, as each species has its own order.

So, parse the word (s) that constitute a simple sentence, starts by identifying the core members of the predicate and the subject. You then need to find out a proposal for the purpose of communication (narrative, interrogative or incentive), emotional coloring (exclamation or not). Next step-define the type of proposals number of grammatical basics (one-piece or two-piece) if there are any minor members or not (common or uncommon). In addition, should ascertain the presence of a homogeneous or of separate members, that is complicated is it or not.

Analysis of a complex sentence differs from a simple analysis. In this case it is necessary not only to identify the grammatical foundations and the type of offer, but to prove that it is difficult to establish the kind of relationship (allied or asyndetic) communicate in simple sentences in the complex. If parsing words in a complex sentence shows that the relationship of the Union, it is necessary to determine its affiliation to the type of compound or compound. In the first case it is determined on the basis of the Union – a connective or adversative separation. In the second case, you need to find the main and subordinate clause, to determine with what they are connected to each other, to put the question and specify the type. In asyndetic sentence, first of all, it turns out the semantic relationship between the parts and the correct positioning of punctuation marks. And finally, the final stage of any parsing – mapping sentences or phrases, in other words – an icon of the performed action.

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