"Torasemid": instructions for use. "Torasemid Sandoz": price, description, reviews

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2018-03-19 08:11:02

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“Torasemid” is a modern, powerful diuretic drug that is great for long-term treatment of diseases associated with edema. In connection with a smaller number of clinically important side effects, the breadth of its therapeutic application more. It is safer than other loop diuretics and has more indications. In the treatment of various diseases dosage modificeres. Also it is applicable in case of insufficiency of renal function even at low speed filtration by the glomeruli of the nephrons.

Torasemid instruction manual

Effects “Torasemid”

The‘Torasemid” as the representative of a group loop (saline) diuretics acts at the luminal part of the epithelium of the tubules of the nephron at the site of the ascending loop of Henle. Exerting a braking effect on the joint transport of potassium ions, chlorine and sodium, it significantly lowers the electrochemical potential at the surface of the epithelium of the nephron. The result of blockade of transport of ions is a violation of the reverse absorption of sodium from primary urine, which increases urine output.

Torasemid price

Almost all loop diuretics cause electrolyte disturbances due to the strong influence on the reabsorption of ions of potassium, sodium, magnesium and chlorine. “Torasemid” to a lesser extent affects the release of potassium and magnesium, which are much less likely to cause arrhythmias, anorexia, constipation, muscle weakness. Also, the drug to a lesser degree, inhibits the formation of thromboxane A2 by dilating blood vessels. He blocks the aldosterone receptors of the myocardium, inhibiting the process of fibrosis of the heart muscle.

Readings

Attached to the drug ‘Torasemid” instruction on application contains information about diseases for which treatment is used. “Torasemid” is indicated for:

  • Pathogenetic treatment of arterial hypertension resistant to therapy with combinations of aceis (ARBS) with thiazide diuretics;
  • Treatment of chronic heart failure related to overloading of the circulation;
  • The symptomatic treatment of chronic renal failure, including low velocity (less than 20 mlmin);
  • The symptomatic treatment of hepatic (related to hypoalbuminemia) swelling as an alternative to “Furosemide”.

Hypertension ‘Torasemid" of the analogues and its generics are used only when failure thiazide diuretics. And in renal insufficiency, the drug may be administered long-term because of the small number of clinically important and dangerous side effects. Those “Torasemid” significantly less than “Furosemide”.

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Torasemid analogues

Usage instructions

On the basis of clinical recommendations for the drug ‘Torasemid" of the instruction manual contains specifications for the dosage of medicines required for the correction and treatment of the target disease. Moreover, the drug is available in tablets with the following contents of substances: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg.

Taking the drug one pill in the morning regardless of food. For these dosages of the drug ‘Torasemid” the price is different: it is lower at the lowest dose and the highest at the maximum. According to averaged data, 30 tablets 5 mg cost about 400 rubles. The doses are distributed as follows according to the testimony:

  • In the treatment of hypertension is taken in 2.5 – 10 mg/day;
  • In chronic heart failure accepted by 10-20 mg/day;
  • Chronic renal failure – 50 mg;
  • In case of insufficiency of the liver requires individual selection of doses.

Side effects “Torasemid”

Attached to the drug ‘Torasemid” instruction on application contains information about the multiple side effects. In therapeutic dose, i.e. 200 mg per day increases the risk of thromboembolic complications, cardiac ischemia, of the brain. Increased risk of transient ischemic attacks and myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, the development of arrhythmias. There is also the likelihood of allergic skin rashes or urticaria in the predisposition of the patient.

Torasemid instructions for use, analogs

The‘Torasemid” sometimes causes nausea or vomiting, rarely mediates dyspepsia, diarrhea. Described isolated cases of developing pancreatitis on the background of «Torasemid”. Also, increase in liver transaminases, which indicates liver toxicity in high doses. Sometimes patients suffer from ringing in the ears, visual disturbances.

When taken in toxic dose causes a state of overdose with a small amount of symptoms. Overdose is accompanied by a loss of fluid with urine: diuresis prolonged and frequent may develop hypotension, vascular collapse, syncope, stroke on the background of cerebral ischemia.

Contraindications and limitations

The Drug ‘Torasemid”, analogs and generics can't be used when there are absolute contraindications. These are allergic reaction to the drug or binders. “Torasemid” it is forbidden to use in renal failure with anuria, liver failure in a state of hepatic coma, with tachyarrhythmias. The reception is contraindicated during lactation and pregnancy, as well as under 18 years, hypersensitivity to sulphonamides.

Side and combined effects of “Torasemid”

In the treatment of hypertension tablets “Torasemid” can have a negative effect on the course of gout. As in the proximal tubules of the nephron the active substance enters by active transport, there is competitive inhibition of the excretion of uric acid. Against the use of “Torasemid”, the probability of hyperuricemia and exacerbation of gout.

Torasemid reviews

The drug ‘Torasemid” is characterised by a specific effect on the tubular epithelium of the proximal section of the loop of Henle. Due to the strong diuretic effect and electrolyte imbalance it causes the probability of a clinically important pharmacological interactions. They are dangerous, petty and desirable. Among the threat and the significant are:

  • The use of high doses (50 mg/day) «Torasemid» when used together with platinum drugs increases toxicity of the latter;
  • Large doses of ‘Torasemid" (from 50 mg/day) increase nephrotoxic and ototoxic effect of aminoglycoside antibiotics;
  • Cephalosporin antibiotics combined with ‘Torasemid” at a dose of 50 mg/day has the property of nephrotoxicity;
  • Salicylates together with ‘Torasemid" (from 50 mg/day) are characterized by neurotoxicity.
  • ‘Torasemid” on the background of relative hypokalemia increases the susceptibility of the myocardium to cardiac glycosides, increasing their inotropic and anti-arrhythmic effect, increasing the risk of intoxication;
  • The risk of hypokalemia is increased when combines the application «Torasemid” with corticosteroids or saline laxatives;
  • ‘Torasemid” magnifies the effect "Theophylline" and curariform muscle relaxants.

Desired effects of joint application

From the desired effects that require supervision, remains the reduction of arterial pressure during therapy with ACE inhibitors. “Torasemid” due to the removal of fluid reduces the hydrostatic pressure of blood, posreduj drop in blood pressure. This aspect is important in the treatment of hypertension and require dose adjustment of ACE inhibitors. Moreover, in the treatment of treatment-resistant hypertension, the combination of ACE inhibitors and “Torasemid” allows you to achieve normalization of BP in 90% of patients.

Torasemid Sandoz

In the treatment of chronic heart failure is clinically important is the effect of reducing vasoconstrictor activity of catecholamines. Heart on background diuretic therapy ‘Torasemid” is weaker than responding to stimulation of adrenaline and noradrenaline. However, this same effect reduces the effectiveness of epinephrine and norepinephrine during resuscitation.

Negative effects interactions

There are effects of the oppression of the effectiveness of medication combined with certain substances. In particular:

  • The drugs group of the bile acid resins reduce the capture “Torasemid” from the intestines, easing effect;
  • Non-narcotic analgesics (NSAIDs) impair the effectiveness of the “Torasemid”;
  • "Probenecid" due to the strengthening effect of the process inhibits the allocation of a “Torasemid” in the lumen of the tubules, reducing its effectiveness.

Comparative characteristic of «Torasemid”

The drug ‘Torasemid” counterparts can be class, kinetic and generics. Among the class of analogues is presented: “Furosemide”, “Bumetanide”, “Ethacrynic acid”. Compared to “Furosemide”, “Torasemid” characterized by slow onset of action and longer effect in...


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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