Muscular dystonia, the uncontrolled contraction or relaxation of muscle tissue, which is most often seen in infants. Sometimes the disease is diagnosed in adult patients. As a result of such a pathological condition a person has to take a forced situation. This syndrome often affects the limbs.
According to ICD-10 muscle dystonia has code G24. The norm of an arbitrary contractions of the muscles should not be. If the child is carried without problems and has no developmental disabilities, it can be observed hypertonicity, which takes place in a few months. Preterm babies manifested muscle weakness - hypotonia.
The presence of dystonia in a child soft tissue developing incorrectly. This results in the atrophy of muscles. In addition, he appeared uncomfortable symptoms, pain. An even greater danger to the baby occurs if the disease process extends to the respiratory muscles.
Muscle dystonia is primary or secondary. The etiology of its occurrence is different. In the first case, is affected by hereditary factors, gene mutations, idiopathic reasons. Secondary dystonia develops due to a congenital neurological disorders, external factors. Causes of disease are as follows:
The Reasons for the development of muscular dystonia may be more. Their accurate determination requires a careful diagnosis.
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The Pathology develops gradually. In this way it goes through several stages:
Muscle dystonia requires a comprehensive approach in the treatment, therefore, to delay a visit to the doctor is not necessary.
Symptoms of muscular dystonia in children and adults are somewhat different. It is possible to allocate the following manifestations:
Incorrect treatment of muscular dystonia of infants is fraught with the violation of his physical and mental development. In adults the condition is also not improving. Therefore, to address to the doctor is necessary when the first symptoms of the disease.
Before you begin treatment, it is necessary to consider the types of muscle dystonias. To classify the pathology, you can:
|Factors of classification||Characteristic pathology|
|For the cause|| |
|Depending on the severity|| |
|Age of patient|| |
After you have determined the causes, the development of a syndrome of a muscular dystonia, as well as the form of development, you can begin to treat the disease.
Presents the disease can be confused with other disorders, so the diagnosis must be differential and as accurate as possible. To diagnose "muscle dystonia", you must undergo a thorough examination, including:
The Patient is required to consult several specialists: therapist, neurologist. If there is muscle dystonia in infants, it is necessary to survey neonatologists.
Therapy must be comprehensive. In addition to drugs that improve the functionality of the nervous system, the patient also appointed physiotherapy, massage courses. In severe cases, surgical intervention is required. As for medicines, the patient may be prescribed are:
In recent years for the treatment of muscular dystonia used injections of botulinum toxin. In small doses it helps to prevent spasm. However, to completely get rid of the pathology it will not help, as it only lasts for a few months. A positive effect is observed only after 2-3 days after initiation of therapy.
The Total course of therapy lasts about 1-2 months. Independently use any drugs, especially for babies, is not recommended.
Surgery involves the implantation in certain areas of the brain of tiny electrodes. They control muscle movements. This type of intervention is assigned only if the treatment does not give positive effect.
They also have a positive effect, but use them in combination with medication. Excellent help to remove the spasm of the baths on the basis of lavender oil or extract of pine needles. They are especially useful for babies, as it soothes the nervous system.
Among the most effective physiotherapy can be identified such:
Can be used and alternative methods: acupuncture. Children often appoint experts kinesiotherapy course. It must prescribe only the neurologist. Before that...
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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