Methods of treatment of renal failure. The consequences of renal failure


2018-03-18 10:30:22




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Renal failure is not related to a specific disease. It is a kind of syndrome that develops in severe conditions. Kidneys – an important organ involved not only in blood purification and excretion of waste products and excess water.

Malfunction of this organ leads to rapid intoxication. Many conditions can provoke serious disturbances in the work of this pair body. It should be noted that the treatment of kidney failure does not always produce the desired result. In certain lesions of this organ, the patient sometimes have to undergo hemodialysis. This is vital when the kidneys lose their ability to function normally. The only way to restore the normal health of the patient is an organ transplant.

What is an illness

Before proceeding to the treatment of kidney failure, you should know, what is this disease, what it is characterized and what types of pathological process are. This disease constitutes a violation involving failure in all kidney occurring processes and changes in the excretory processes.

Symptoms of renal failure

This condition is Characterized by the loss of ability to urinate. As a result, problems arise in the functioning of body systems. Gradually in the blood begin to accumulate toxic substances.

Treatment of acute renal failure must be comprehensive, that the disease is not passed chronic and did not have irreversible consequences.

Types of pathological state

Treatment of kidney failure is chosen strictly individually for each person, all depends on the form of occurrence of the underlying disease. There are acute and chronic form of the disease. Each of them has certain causes, symptoms, and approach to therapy. Treatment of acute renal failure need to spend extra, since there is a sharp disruption of the functioning of this body.


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Often, this form is reversible and there are three varieties in particular, such as:

  • Hemodynamic;
  • Parenchymal;
  • Obstructive.

This is a condition in which there is a significant slowdown or complete cessation of the excretion of products of nitrogen metabolism. There is a serious impact of this disease on the blood.

The Symptoms and treatment of chronic kidney failure can be very different, as it is characterized by a gradually progressive condition that develops when necrosis of nephrons. The remaining healthy cells can't cope with its function. In the result of occurrence of the chronic stage is observed intoxication by metabolic products.


Treatment of renal failure depends largely on the reasons which provoked such a state. There are a variety of different precipitating factors, which can not only lead to acute lesion of this organ, but to provoke a chronic disturbance of its functions. The acute form occurs mainly for the following reasons:

  • Heart failure;
  • Arrhythmias;
  • Burns;
  • Ascites;
  • A state of shock, triggered by various factors;
  • Acute blood loss;
  • Prolonged diarrhea.

When conducting a comprehensive treatment is very quick restoration of completely lost or reduced kidney function. The development of forms of acute renal failure occurs as a result of poisoning.

  • Mercury;
  • Poisonous mushrooms;
  • Certain drugs;
  • Fertilizers.

In Addition, a violation may occur when the blood level of myoglobin and hemoglobin, as well as the compression of the tissues as a result of their injury. In some cases this can happen when alcohol, drugs and a coma as a result of transfusion of incompatible blood. Postrenal form is formed when stones block the urinary tract. Sometimes it can be caused by tumors of the prostate, tuberculosis, as well as damage to the abdominal cavity.

General symptoms

Basically the manifestation of this condition, regardless of its forms is growing consistently. Signs of insufficiency occurring in acute form, is found within a few days. Mostly the clinical picture is due to the primary disease that triggered the complete shutdown of the kidneys.

The first signs of the disease include the following:

  • Appearance drowsiness;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Weakness;
  • Nausea.

Basically, these signs can be easily confused with symptoms typical of the underlying disease. After this you may experience intoxication. In addition, there is a violation of the outflow of urine. When the flow of kidney failure, the symptoms are:

  • Severe pain in abdomen;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Poor appetite.

In Addition, may develop pulmonary edema, which is characterized by the presence of moist rales and shortness of breath. In severe course of the disease and the absence of adequate therapy, the patient faces a coma. The condition in some case, complicated by bleeding, gastroenterocolitis, pericarditis.

Patients with acute course of disease is greatly reduced immunity, which leads to stomatitis, parotitis, pancreatitis, pneumonia and sepsis. If it was held competent therapy, there is a gradual increase in urine output. For two weeks, all indicators come back to normal. Complete recovery of the kidney occurs in about six to twelve months.

In chronic flow disorders signs of this on growing for a long time. There is a decline in the health and appearance of weakness. May be a slight dryness in the mouth, strong and frequent urine output, which can be a major cause of dehydration. With the progression of the pathological condition may experience these symptoms:

  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Bitter taste in the mouth;
  • Muscle twitching;
  • Itching of the skin;
  • Nasal and gastric bleeding;
  • Haematoma formation.

Treatment of chronic renal failure is complex, and the doctor all the time, adjusts the therapy to stop the development of disease or slow down its flow to delay the need to transition a patient on hemodialysis.


Definitely starts the treatment of renal failure with the diagnosis, which will help to determine the stage of the disease and the peculiarity of the pathology. In diagnostic procedures included a visual inspection of the patient, collection of blood and urine tests as well as ultrasound. The increase in the blood of nitrogenous substances and potassium tells about the course of disease. However, you may experience decreased urine output.


In addition, you may need a kidney biopsy. This procedure implies that of the affected organ of the patient is extracted a small piece of tissue, which is then carefully examined under a microscope.

The problem Often is accompanied by neurological disorders and impairment of cerebral circulation. It is important to make the correct diagnosis and to select treatment methods for kidney failure that help to get rid of the condition.

Feature treatment

Treatment of kidney failure in men and women is to eliminate the underlying disease. It is very important to restore malfunction of this organ. The doctor picks up one of the areas of therapy, in particular, such as:

  • Antimicrobial treatment;
  • Detoxification therapy;
  • Hormonal agents;
  • The replenishment of fluids.

If the patient has chronic renal failure, treatment should be carried out in such a way that it is possible to eliminate the main factor that triggers the formation of the pathological process. It also requires the excretion of accumulated toxic substances. Of great importance correctly selected diet.

Drug therapy

To reduce puffiness, apply diuretics, and vitamins and iron help to get rid of anemia. At the last stage treatment of renal failure drugs are no longer carried out. In this case, the patient transferred to hemodialysis. This procedure is done two to three times a week.

An Alternative to lifelong dialysis is a kidney transplant. However, it is worth remembering that it should be done only until such time until the final stage of the disease, since the occurrence of irreversible processes of internal organs will not be able to operate on a patient. If the surgery is successful and the transplanted organ will continue to heal, he has all the chances for a full recovery.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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