The carpal tunnel Syndrome (otherwise referred to as carpal tunnel syndrome) is a fairly common problem of modern humanity. The fact that this pathology has a direct impact on the work of the hand and the wrist. In this article we take a closer look at this disease, its primary symptoms and main treatments.
The Wrist known, surrounded by numerous bundles of fibrous tissue. She plays the role of reference functions for the joint. The space formed between the fibrous areas of the fabric and directly to the bone parts, referred to as the carpal canal.
The Median nerve, and it passes through the wrist, provides sensitivity to the thumb, middle and index fingers on a hand. Swelling or reposition the tissue in this area can cause compression and irritation of this nerve. That is why to the forefront often overlook the neurological symptoms.
Thus carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the types of so-called tunnel neuropathies characterized by lesions of the peripheral nerves in the result of their constant pressure and trauma.
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Initially, the carpal tunnel syndrome manifests itself in the form of feeling the constant tingling and burning in the area of the large, middle and ring fingers, even hands. Some patients complain of pain. Most often it is aching in nature, can spread to the forearm. Immediately after waking up feel some numbness of the brush, which is accompanied by loss of pain sensitivity.
If the hand is lower down and slightly move the fingers, the discomfort very quickly. However, it should be cause for concern. Experts recommend in such a situation without delay to seek the advice to exclude carpal tunnel syndrome.
Symptoms in the absence of qualified treatment again soon make themselves felt. As the progression of pathology of various movement disorders. The patient becomes difficult to hold any small items, decreased grip strength, there is an inaccuracy in the movements with the participation of the brush.
Are Very common clinical manifestations of disorders of the microcirculation of the affected area in the form of blanching of the skin, boost/reduce the sweating in this area. As a result, there is deterioration of the skin and nails, accompanied by a change in their appearance.
Thus, it becomes clear that one should not ignore the carpal tunnel syndrome. The symptoms described above, act in this case, the role of warning. If the patient turns for help to the doctor, increasing the likelihood of complications.
The Reason that triggered this condition usually is determined during the examination of the patient and the research of his lifestyle (medical history). Very often the diagnosis of this syndrome and limited.
In some cases, specialists additionally prescribe test flexion and extension, Tines test, x-ray, MRI, ultrasound, and electromyography. The last test evaluates the ability of the muscles to a permanent reduction under the action of electric pulses. Thanks to him, the doctor can confirm tunnel carpal tunnel syndrome or to identify another cause of the lesion of the median nerve.
For this pathology there are only two options of treatment: medication or prompt surgical intervention.
How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome? Conservative therapy involves complete cessation of activities that provoked the problem. In addition, experts recommend avoiding strong grasping movements, execution of work with bending or tilt of the wrist.
A Great solution is wearing a special brace. In the early stages it reduces the onset of symptoms, holds the wrist band alone. The brace allows you to neutralize the pain and numbness.
As for drug therapy, then assigned to anti-inflammatory drugs (“Aspirin”, “Ibuprofen").Their main goal is to reduce swelling. Vitamin B6 allows you to neutralize the pain.
If these simple remedies do not help overcome carpal tunnel syndrome, the treatment is injections of a drug called "Cortisone". They are used to ease the swelling directly in the channel.
A Great solution is considered physical therapy (acupuncture, static magnetic field). It is assigned for improving of metabolic processes in previously damaged tissues.
This pathology requires prompt surgical intervention if conservative therapy is ineffective. The surgery is performed using local anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon cuts the transverse ligament of the wrist, which reduces the pressure on the median nerve and tendons to restore normal blood flow.
After surgery, the patient applied the plaster splints for approximately 12 days. Rehabilitation activities involve special massage, physiotherapy, thermal procedures. The disabled patient can return fully in about five weeks from the time the surgery was performed.
It Should be noted that this pathology does not apply to those violations that may pose a danger to life. However, the long suffering people over time may lose the opportunity to make hand motions normally. Exceptionally competent therapy can prevent such unpleasant complication and help to fully restore the work of his hands.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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