How to achieve ramp to the entrance? This is a common question. We will understand it in the article.
Due to the fact that politics in Russia socially focused, more and more attention is paid to ensuring the normal movement of people with disabilities. Increasingly at the entrances to public places and also at entrances of houses have ramps. According to the law «About social protection of disabled persons” guaranteed ensuring free access to such people in all public places, as well as in your house.
The Bodies of power structures of the state and all stakeholders must comply with this law and install a ramp in places where it should be. If there are violations, it is necessary to bring the perpetrators to administrative responsibility.
To Establish a ramp at an entrance of own forces will not work, because building it is required in accordance with the technical regulations. In addition, the hands must be documentation of the authorization for operation of such a ramp and also a permit to install issued by the managers supports the entrance of the organization.
There are fixed rules that must be followed for the installation of a ramp at the entrance of the house.
A Ramp at the entrance for people with disabilities must do so as prescribed by the building regulations. However, to ensure comfortable ascent and descent need to consider some points:
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Failure to use adequately the requirements regarding the construction of the ramp in the entrance and installing it, the person who is responsible for maintenance of the dwelling must be brought to criminal or administrative responsibility. The construction is then dismantled. Punishment shall be as follows:
Ramp is a concrete or metal structure, on an inclined surface of which it is possible to facilitate the movement of wheelchairs. One of the main conditions is the presence of above and below horizontal sites. They are, in fact, provide both check-in and exit design. The dimensions of the ramp for the disabled and the requirements of GOST many are interested.
These devices should be installed by default in the hallways of buildings. Such a rule is specified in the construction rules and regulations. As for old houses, they have to be equipped with such a design is mandatory during overhaul or at the requests of residents. At the moment there is also an alternative ramp option – specially designed lift, however, installing it is quite expensive.
Give the minimum difference in heights that require gentle paths – 4 see If will move people with limited mobility who use wheelchairs, in both directions at the same time, the width of a March should be done not less than 1.8 m. If oncoming traffic is not, then we can recommend a width of 1.5 m.
Height (elevation) of a single March, the inclined track must be less than 0.8 m. the length of a single March, there are also limitations – maximum 9 m.
The Height of handrails should be two-tiered. At the first level – 70, see If they move children with disabilities, it was reduced to 50 cm At the second height level – 90.
In order For the movement of wheelchair users was smooth and comfortable, it is also the presence of intermediate sites. They are installed depending on the width of the ramp, and this is done in any case if the turns of the ramp is equal to 90 or 180 degrees. These playgrounds provide the opportunity to relax during the movement, and to deploy the wheelchair in the desired direction.
They are set according to the following indicators:
A rise with 180 degree turn shall be provided with an intermediate area, the size of which – 180 to 150 centimeters.
The required size of the ramp (GOST 51261-99) must be strictly observed.
Like wheelchair ramps installation of fences also are manufactured in strict accordance with the rules and requirements of their Guest. In accordance with the design document needs to be equipped with elements of fences and handrails. They may be single or paired, and different heights. You must comply with the following requirements for the installation of handrails to the ramp in the entrance:
To install a ramp at the entrance, you need:
Write to the Control/housing management company, the homeowners Association a statement in several instances (this should be done at the head of the company).
Clearly indicate in the statement the following: the place where you want to install a ramp (inside the entrance or near it), its supposed design (stationary or folding).
Statement for the installation of a ramp at the entrance need to send to an email address. You can give personally to the head of the company, or the Secretary. The request should be processed within a month, and then the applicant will know the decision.
It Should be noted that the installation of ramps for people with disabilities is carried out from means of the budget. However, the financial side of the construction according to the law can be transferred to the company containing the balance of the house. To install the ramp for the budget money is required to write a letter to the social protection bodies at the place of residence or registration. In addition, you must add the following documents:
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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