Disorders of the digestive system are familiar to even young children. Adults face this problem quite often. Violation of the gastrointestinal tract could be due to overeating or consuming stale food. Unfortunately, digestive disorders are not perfect. In some cases they are associated with the development of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For digestive problems indicate symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, changes in stool. Similar manifestations associated with acute inflammatory processes and chronic diseases. If you experience symptoms of gastro-intestinal disorders should consult a doctor.
As you know, the digestive system consists of many bodies linked together. It starts at the mouth and passes through the torso, ending with the anus. Normal all stages of the digestion process are carried out sequentially. Food first enters the mouth. There it is crushed with teeth. In addition, the mouth is present the enzyme-amylase of saliva, which is involved in the breakdown of food. The result is a lump of crushed products – the chyme. It passes through the esophagus and into the gastric cavity. Here, chyme is treated with hydrochloric acid. The result is the breakdown of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. The pancreas produces enzymes that enter the lumen of the duodenum. They provide further decomposition of organic substances.
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Digestive system is not only in the grinding of food eaten. Through the digestive tract nutrients penetrate into the bloodstream. The absorption of amino acids, fats and glucose occurs in the small intestine. From there, the nutrients penetrate into the vascular system and are carried throughout the body. In the colon absorbed water and vitamins. There is the formation of feces. Peristalsis contributes to their promotion and development.
Violation of any phase of the digestive process leads to the development of disorders. It can develop for various reasons. In most cases, to the disruption of the digestive tract leads to penetration of bacterial or viral agents. The pathogens begin to multiply rapidly and damage the mucous membrane of the digestive tract. This, in turn, leads to inflammatory reactions. As a result, the digestive process slows down or is disrupted. The causes of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract include:
To determine the reason for the disorder, should be examined. Laboratory and instrumental diagnostic procedures to determine source of disease.
In children digestive problems often occur. They can be associated with different factors. Among them – hereditary abnormalities, improper feeding, worm infestation, infectious disease, etc. In some cases, to resolve the problem, requiring urgent surgical care. The causes of digestive disorders in children include:
Only a doctor can figure out: why is there a problem with digestion in children. Some pathology can lead to death, therefore, require the urgent assistance of a doctor.
Diseases of the digestive system are classified by the cause, the source of development of pathological conditions, methods of the required treatment. Distinguish surgical and therapeutic pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. In the first case, recovery can be achieved only through surgical intervention. Therapeutic disease treated using medications.
Surgical pathologies of the digestive system include:
Therapeutic diseases of the digestive system – acute and chronic inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines and poisoning. Injuries can be classified under two groups, depending on the severity and nature of the lesion.
The Pathology of the digestive system can manifest with a syndrome of gastric or intestinal indigestion, pain in the abdomen and changes in the nature of a chair. In some cases, observed symptoms of intoxication. The symptoms of the pathologies of the stomach include: pain in the epigastric region, nausea and vomiting after eating. Similar clinical manifestations observed in cholecystitis. The difference is that patients with inflammation of the gallbladder complain of pain in the right upper abdomen and a bitter taste in my mouth. Intestinal dyspepsia is characterized by a change in stool consistency (diarrhea, rarely-constipation) and flatulence. The discomfort can be in the region of the navel, in the left or right half of the abdomen.
In acute surgical pathologies of the pain intensity is stronger marked delay in the departing gas, increase in body temperature. Often patients are forced to lie or to take a forced position to facilitate.
Diagnosis of digestive disease based on clinical data and additional studies. First and foremost, patients must take the General analysis of blood and urine. Suspected inflammatory diseases of the abdominal organs is necessary to determine the level of indicators such as bilirubin, ALT, AST, amylase. You should also take in a stool sample.
To the instrumental studies include x-rays, abdominal ultrasound and EGD. In some cases, requires additional diagnosis.
What to do if you have digestive problems what kind of doctor can help? Gastrointestinal diseases cures gastroenterologist. However, before you sign up to it, is to pass the examination, which is prescribed by the physician or pediatrician. In the event of acute abdominal pain should call the emergency assistance exception for surgical pathologies requiring immediate surgical intervention.
The treatment is determined after diagnosis. In infectious and inflammatory disease antibiotic therapy is required. Use the drugs “Present”, “Cefazolin”, “Metronidazol”. For the treatment of enzyme deficiency used drugs “help”, “Pancreatin”. Also use anti-inflammatory and antisecretory funds.
Surgical treatment consists in the elimination of intestinal obstruction, remove the stones, tumors, suturing of the ulcer, etc.
To digestive problems did not arise again, it is necessary to observe preventive measures. These include:
If you experience discomfort in the abdomen, violations of the chair or nausea, you should take the survey and find out the cause of the problem.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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