Painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams: a list of drugs, indications, manual


2018-03-25 01:11:14




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A Variety of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system cause severe pain in the joints, ligaments and muscles. They are often accompanied by inflammation and swelling of tissues. To cope with this condition, apply painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams. They quickly help to relieve pain and swelling. But such drugs very much, and all of them have different composition and mode of action. Therefore, before applying you should consult a doctor.analgesic and anti-inflammatory ointment

Features of action of such preparations

Painkillers and anti-inflammatory ointments are used for various injuries, pains in muscles and joints due to hypothermia or overexertion, osteochondrosis, radiculitis and arthrosis. They are very efficient in the complex therapy of many diseases musculoskeletal system. Their popularity can be explained by the fact that when applied to the skin they exert this action:

  • Relieve pain
  • Improve nutrition of tissues;
  • Accelerate blood circulation;
  • Reduce the swelling and inflammation;
  • Eliminate muscle spasms.Fastum gel application instructions

Group analgesic ointments

These drugs are prescribed depending on the characteristics and causes of pain. You must contact your doctor to help choose the right medicine. All the painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams, depending on the nature of action are divided into several groups:

  • Preparations with a cooling effect to relieve pain, swelling and redness;
  • Products that contain analgesics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, are appointed for pain in the muscles or joints, sciatica, and degenerative disc disease;
  • For resorption of stagnation in the tissues apply the ointment with a warming and irritating for the skin effect;
  • Diseases of the joints help preparations contains chondroprotectors.

Ointment with a cooling effect

These drugs are used immediately after injury to quickly relieve pain and prevent edema and hematoma. They usually contain menthol, essential oil plants, camphor and other substances. Most of these preparations are available in gel form, as active components penetrate faster into fabrics. RUB them into the skin, as it can cause swelling. They are appointed for pain in the spine and sustavah related stress, after stretching ligaments and muscles. This files most often apply the following ointment with a cooling effect: “Bystrom gel”, “Ben gay”, “Reparil” and others.


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Warming creams

These products contain components that are irritating to the skin, accelerating blood circulation and metabolic processes in tissues. So they relieve pain, relieve muscle spasms and warm. Due to pronounced stimulating action on the nervous system, such drugs are not used at night. You can use them to warm up the muscles before exercise or osteochondrosis, myalgia, sciatica.

Painkillers and warming ointment should not be used immediately after injury, as they may cause the increase of inflammation or bleeding. The basis of such preparations may be different components:

  • Medicinal plants and essential oils, such as ointment “Miauton”;
  • Bee venom contains the drug “We”;voltaren price emugel
  • Warming effect and has snake venom contained in the ointment “Have experienced an unexpected side effect”;
  • Effective tools on the basis of capsaicin-extract of hot peppers, such as “Nikofleks”.

Ointment chondroprotective action

These drugs also have analgesic effects. But this happens due to the recovery of cartilage and relieve inflammation. They contain chondroitin and glucosamine, which is the basis of cartilage. This files most often appointed by doctors "Chondroitin" (ointment) when degenerative processes in the intervertebral discs. Such drugs restore the volume of synovial fluid and slow down the degenerative processes in osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis. Need to know what such tools do not provide quick pain relieving effect, to apply them you need long courses.combined ointment

The best-known drugs of this group are the ‘Artrotin”, “Honda”, “symptoms” and “Handreach” ointment. If you select the medicines you need to look at where it consisted of dimexide, which helps existing components to penetrate into the deeper layers of tissue. It is because of him so effective is the “Healthy” is an ointment with a chondroprotective effect.


These funds cannot be used for a long term without a doctor's prescription. They contain components that can accumulate in tissues and cause systemic side effects. These painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams are the most popular means for treatment of many diseases of musculoskeletal system and internal organs:

  • Inflammation of the muscles due to exposure or excessive physical load;
  • Renal colic;
  • Pain after injury or surgical intervention;
  • Sciatica, lumbago or sciatica;
  • Degenerative disc disease;
  • Arthritis.

In their compositionincludes various analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. These ointments relieve the pain by suppressing the activity of mediators of the inflammatory process. They reduce swelling and pain symptoms. All nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be divided into groups depending on the main active substance.handreach ointment

  • Ointments on the basis of Ketoprofen to relieve pain and help to remove swelling. This substance prevents the release of enzymes that trigger the inflammatory process. Ketoprofen is rapidly absorbed into the subcutaneous tissue, particularly if the product is made in the form of a gel. The most popular preparations based on it are “Ketonal”, “Fastum gel”.
  • Ointments containing ibuprofen – the substance is considered the most safe and effective for relieving pain and inflammation. They are used in arthritis, gout, pinched nerve, sciatica, rheumatism and muscle pain. Most commonly used are ointments based on ibuprofen: “disappointed”, “first days without”, “Ibuprofen”, “Deep relief” and others.
  • Relieves pain and inflammation diclofenac. This substance not only inhibits the synthesis of mediators of the inflammatory process, but also improves blood circulation, and also participates in tissue regeneration. The most popular means of this group is “Voltaren emulgel”. Its price is quite high and can reach 500-600 rubles depending on the package and manufacturer. But that hasn't stopped patients, because the drug is very effective. Except he often used “Ortofen”, “Diklak” and “Diklovit" (ointment).
  • Another anti-inflammatory substance may enter into the composition of ointments – nimesulide. It quickly relieves pain in muscles and joints caused by different reasons. It contains a drug called "naiz" that can be used for a long period of time without the risk of side effects development.
  • The budget funds are ointments on the basis of indomethacin. This substance has long been used to treat arthritis, gout and osteoarthritis. Ointment “Indomethacin” can be bought for 40-50 rubles.

Combined ointment

These drugs contain multiple components and have a complex action. They not only relieve pain and inflammation, but also speed up cell regeneration, provide resolving and thrombolytic effect. They penetrate deep into the tissues and quickly reduce swelling after injury. By improving blood circulation the hematoma. Furthermore, combination ointment restores damaged cartilage tissue, therefore improving joint mobility. The most famous tool in this group – “That”. chondroitin ointmentThe Drug contains sodium heparin that improves circulation and dissolves blood clots, anti-inflammatory agent dimethyl sulfoxide and the essential oils of plants.

“Fastum gel": usage instructions

The Price of this popular drug are not very high – from 215 rubles. But it is very effective, so many osteochondrosis, radiculitis, or pain in muscles choose it. The basis of the drug is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory substance Ketoprofen. In addition to relieving pain and swelling, it improves blood circulation and prevents blood clots. Apply the ointment with radiculitis, osteochondrosis, arthritis, after injury. It effectively eliminates morning stiffness in the joints.

Ointment “I”

This is another popular medication that is used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Not only after contusions and sprains, but with osteochondrosis, radiculitis and arthritis is assigned to “Voltaren emulgel”. Its price is on average 350 rubles, but buy the drug often because of its effectiveness. It quickly relieves pain and restores mobility.

Terms of use such ointments

For temporary relief of pain, you can use any drug. But prolonged treatment is necessary to consult a doctor. Even external products can have contraindications and can sometimes cause allergic reactions. So you need to know how to use these ointments.diklovit ointment

  • These funds are deposited in a thin layer on the affected area. In some cases, it is recommended to apply the ointment and massage gently and apply a heating bandage. This is done 2-3 times a day.
  • These ointments can be used during various lesions of the skin, dermatitis and eczema.
  • Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cannot be used longer than 2-3 weeks.
  • Warming ointment do not use immediately after injury.
  • Drugs based on snake and bee venom can trigger a severe irritation and allergic reaction.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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