Cucumber: composition and useful properties

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2018-03-17 17:16:16

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The Cucumber is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae. The stalk of this plant varies in size from 1 to 2 meters. Cucumber has a special antennae, which is attached to the ground or other support. Flowers small, yellow. Food mostly eaten ripe green fruit, but there are fans and ripe cucumber. He usually has large size and distinctive yellow color. Cucumbers began to eat over 6,000 years ago. The homeland of this culture is India. There cucumbers grow on the trees in the forest like vines.

In this century began to produce a variety of hybrid varieties of cucumber. There are varieties that grow as bushes. Some of the new varieties do not have seeds.

cucumber composition

Varieties of cucumbers

Varieties of cucumbers are divided into:

  • Zasolochnye — have a deep green color and black spikes. Skins from these types of more dense.
  • Salad — such cucumbers are smooth to the touch, the skin is softer. Cucumber has a sweet taste without bitterness.
  • Winter — these varieties ripen long. The color can be any. The length of such cucumbers ranges from 15 to 35 centimeters. In the winter, as a rule, the most popular are large, smooth varieties with white spikes.
  • Summer — such varieties are smaller than the winter. Usually they grow to a length of 6-20 inches. These cucumbers Mature faster and have better taste.
  • Beam — a very popular variety of cucumber. Has a high fertility on one twig produces about 8 of the ovaries. Such varieties usually have fruits-gherkins. Very good for pickling.
  • Shade — often summer cucumbers are better planted on a sun bed, except when there is this type that feels fine in the shade.
  • Hasty — this kind of suitable for those who want to harvest as quickly as possible. On average, this cucumber Matures 45 to 50 days.
  • With a long gestation period-the gestation period of this cucumber more than 50 days. Possess excellent taste.
  • Cold-resistant — very unpretentious kind of cucumber. Tolerate wide temperature variations. Drought tolerant.
  • Pollinated by bees — in order to harvest the very best, along with the usual seed sown barren flowers, then the pollination by insects is a better quality and accordingly will be a rich harvest.
  • Parthenocarpic — this kind of cucumber is best suited for cultivation in greenhouses, although it can be grown in the beds. This plant does not require pollination by bees.

the gherkin

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Chemical composition and nutritional value of a cucumber

The Chemical composition of cucumber is quite rich. This product is very useful for the human body. In cucumber contains carotene and vitamins:

  • 1;
  • In2;
  • B9 (folic acid)
  • C

Fruits are rich in the following microelement:

  • Jelezo;
  • Fosfor;
  • Kali
  • Nutri;
  • Marganec;
  • Chlor;
  • From;
  • Made;
  • Sink;
  • It;
  • Cerebro.

In the rind of this fruit has a lot of fiber. The composition of the cucumber can be very different depending on the growing location and soil.

Nutritional value of cucumber per 100 grams:

  • Proteins — 0.8 g;
  • Fats — 0.1 g;
  • Carbohydrates — 2.5 g;
  • Energy value-14 kcal.

cucumber chemical composition

Useful properties

The fruit can be safely attributed to diet. Many people love cucumbers. The composition and nutritional value of this product is perfect for those who want to lose weight. Using cucumber this can be done easily. It can be found in many diets. The composition of cucumber is virtually one water — 95-98 %. The remaining 2-5 percent is nutrients. Cucumber has a positive effect on the human body:

  • Reduces the risk of stone formation in the kidneys and liver.
  • A Favorable effect on the heart and blood vessels.
  • Improves the functioning of the thyroid gland.
  • Has a laxative effect.
  • Reduces swelling due to the fact that you can withdraw excess fluid from the body.
  • Slightly lowers blood pressure.
  • Cucumber seeds are able to purify the body from cholesterol.
  • Gently.
  • Improves skin tone and maintains it in good shape.
  • Contributes to healthy teeth and gums.
  • Has a light anesthetic effect.
  • Used In folk medicine as a remedy for chronic cough.

cucumber composition and nutritional value

Contraindications

Despite its beneficial qualities, this product has contraindications. Who are contraindicated in cucumber? The composition of the product is such that it primarily acts as a powerful cleansing tool. It is contraindicated in people:

  • Renal failure.
  • With acute hepatitis.
  • Acute gastritis, colitis.
  • If dickinsii biliary tract in acute.

If you are hypersensitive also contraindicated cucumber. The chemical composition of this product may cause an allergic reaction.

the chemical composition of cucumber

Cuisine of cucumber and conservation

In the preparation usually is used fresh fruit. Heat treatment, apart from preservation, is rarely used. Cucumber make a salad, e.g. Vinegret or Olivier. They just put on the table in sliced form. Pickles added to some soups, for example, pickle. Although there are some recipes in which the fruit is fried, boiled, baked. The taste of these dishes specific. Besides heat treatment destroys most of the nutrients. Canned cucumbers in different recipes. They are:

  • Marinated — prepared with hot brine.
  • A Salt — to prepare this type of cucumbers use cold method of pickling.
  • Salted — like marinated, pour hot brine. The fastest way.

Can cucumber kids

Many children love this product. The chemical composition of cucumber is very useful for a growing organism. He is considered one of the safest for baby food. However, in order for cucumber to the benefit of the child, you must follow some simple rules:

  • Buy cucumbers only in the high season. Winter or too early varieties, as a rule, contain chemical additives.
  • Before use it should be washed thoroughly and to peel. Usually it contains most of the chemicals that are part of the cucumber.
  • Better not to buy too beautiful fruits of the same size. It is also a symptom of chemicals in the soil, where it grew into a cucumber.

Chemical composition of this product may cause allergic reactions in children. In addition, cucumber is contraindicated in children

  • An individual With congenital intolerance.
  • Allergic to pollen.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

...

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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