The causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877-1878) and its consequences

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2018-03-18 21:21:23

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Many causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878) led to the beginning of the armed conflict between the two empires in the Balkan Peninsula. He had important consequences for the Slavic peoples of the region.

The naked

Examining the causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878), it should be said that the conflict between these two powers was so long and deep that every once an armed conflict has become a logical continuation of a centuries-old rivalry between the king and Sultan. Since, as in the seventeenth century, these States got a common border, they are constantly fought over land and resources.

In this rivalry Turkey repeatedly failed, giving Romanov all new provinces – Ukrainian steppe, the Moldavian Principality, etc. the Exception was the Crimean war in 1853–1856 when the Ottoman Empire openly supported the Western European powers, fearing the excessive strengthening of Russia. Nicholas I died prematurely, largely from emotional turmoil associated with the defeat of his army.

The Son of the deceased king Alexander II was able to finish the war with a huge diplomatic efforts, agreeing to major concessions to the enemy coalition. But even a peace Treaty in 1856 gave no guarantee that the bloodshed will not start again. The causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878) made Alexander many years to go back to the confrontation with the Ottoman Empire.

causes of the Russo Turkish war 1877 1878

The Oppression of the Balkan Slavs

After the Crimean war in one of the paragraphs of the Paris peace Treaty Turkey guaranteed the equality of Muslim and Christian population of the country. It was one of the most acute contradictions between the Ottoman Empire and the rest of Europe.

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The Turks were Muslims, but on the Balkan territories of their States lived most of Slavonic – Serbs, Croats, Montenegrins, and Bulgarians. All of these people professed Christianity. Thus, the conflict between them and the titular nation was not only national but also sectarian in nature.

The causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878) was just at a disadvantage Bulgarians. All the Balkan Slavic peoples looked at the king from St. Petersburg as a defender of their interests regularly and asked for his help.

Not to say that the Sultan or his government was behind the violence against Christians. However, the government looked at such conflicts in the country through his fingers did not prevent Muslims to oppress Bulgarians or other ethnic minorities.

In the early nineteenth century from Turkey "broke" Greece. The country gained independence after years of bloody war. But in the following decades, the Ottoman Empire continued to control some areas where still lived the Greeks.

In 1860-ies on the island of Crete occurred liberation uprising, which was brutally suppressed. Thus, the causes of the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-1878. was that the Ottoman Empire could not exist in its former borders, while not respecting the rights of many Balkan peoples.

causes of the Russo Turkish war 1877 1878 the outcome

Diplomacy Gorchakov

Alexander II became Tsar when Russia lost the Crimean war. He had to go to a disadvantageous peace. However, the country lost territories, according to the contract were destroyed and banned the black sea fleet. For St. Petersburg this situation was humiliating. The new Emperor appointed to the post of Minister of foreign Affairs, an experienced diplomat, Alexander Gorchakov. Many historians consider him the "grey Eminence" Russian foreign policy of that era.

The Tsar and Gorchakov began to prepare for the inevitable worsening of relations with the Ottoman Empire and the impending war. In Russia in time of peace has passed a number of reforms: the abandonment of serfdom, changes in the army and the economy. All of these measures in particular were supposed to help to modernize the Russian armed forces.

what are the causes of the Russo Turkish war 1877 1878

The Alliance with Prussia

After the European powers openly supported Turkey in the Crimean war, the former diplomatic relations with them became impossible. The only ally of St. Petersburg, Berlin has become. At this time the Prussian king was rapidly United Germany, desiring to create a single national Empire. His opponent was Austria. The Habsburg dynasty, who ruled in Vienna, also claimed the unification of Germany under his command, but was defeated in the fight against the Hohenzollerns.

In 1870, Prussia defeated France in the war for Alsace and Lorraine. This success has allowed the Prussian king to announce the creation of the German Empire, which also includes numerous small German Principality. France was one of the guarantors of the integrity of the Ottoman Empire. Russia and Germany presented a United diplomatic front, trying to force Paris to abandon his obligations to the Sultan. This plan really worked. In addition, Russia has again received the right to build ships in the Black sea.

background causes of the Russo Turkish war 1877 1878

The Bulgarian uprising

Soon our diplomats received a carte Blanche for the conflict with the Ottoman Empire. Impact preconditions, the causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878), as well as the agreement of the European powers. At this time, Bulgaria started a national liberation uprising.

Janissaries dealt harshly not only with the militias, but also civilians. This was the reason the Russian-Turkish war (1877–1878). The outcome of the uprising has affected very quickly. Russia declared the Ottoman Empire the war, supporting the Orthodox Bulgarians who applied for help to the king. For the past two years on the banks of the Danube was a bloody confrontation between the armies of these countries.

causes of the Russo Turkish war of 1877 1878гг

Results

Knowing what are the causes of the Russo-Turkish war (1877–1878), you can easily guess the ending. The army of Alexander II defeated the Muslims and had threatened Istanbul. The Sultan had to resort to diplomacy.

In 1878 was signed the San Stefano peace Treaty. According to him, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro became independent States. The Bulgarians had broad autonomy. Soon, de facto, they also withdrew from the jurisdiction of Istanbul. Russia annexed Bessarabia and the Kars region in Transcaucasia.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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