Onega - the second largest lake in European part of Russia

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2018-03-18 13:25:28

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The Second largest lake in the European part of Russia-Onega. First place in area rightfully belongs to the Poconos. 20 % of the surface of the Onega lake is located within the two subjects of the Russian Federation (Vologda and Leningrad regions). And the main part of it geographically belongs to the Karelia Republic. About 50 streams feed the lake, and the flow is only through the river Svir. It is situated in the basin of the Neva river. Svir is known that brings together two of the largest reservoir of Europe.

Name

The Onega-the second largest lake in the European part of Russia. The name has its origins. The extant writings denounced it as “Onego”. The true meaning of the word is unknown, but there are 3 versions of how it happened:

  • A. Sjogren suggested that the name derived from the Finnish word, the value of which – "sound", "voice". According to the historian, the reservoir is considered noisy, so called.
  • Prof. A. Pogodin expressed the theory that the toponym originates from the Sami word that translates as “sand”. It is possible that the name of the reservoir means “plain in the valley”.
  • Domestic scientist I. toponimiia believes that the name has roots in several languages. Presumably, in Saami and Finnish. Found them consonant words have the following meanings: a significant, large.

the second largest lake in the European part of the Russian

Description

The Second largest lake in the European part of Russia and all of Europe has an elongated shape in the direction SE-NW. The length and width of this water body is respectively 220 and 86 km from lake Onega is located in the valley, its height above sea-level is 33 m.

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The Southern shore is quite flat, and the North is known for numerous narrow and deep bays. Due to this, the length of the borders of the lake increases significantly, reaching values of 1.28 thousand.

The Northern and Western side of the pond is wooded. On the South side it gives way to low-lying places and swamps. Eastern shore non-uniform. If the Northern part consists of solid rock, to the South in their place come the Sands.

the second largest lake in the European part of Russia is

Bays

The Onega-the second largest lake in the European part of Russia. It is a well known fact. It is similar to the Ladoga lake has a highly indented coastline of Northern and North-Eastern tip. There are a large number of Islands, bays and peninsulas.

The largest among them are between Povenets and Petrozavodsk:

  • Kondopozhskaya lip, 30 km.
  • Petrozavodskaya Guba, 18 km
  • Ligumsky lip, 35 km.
  • Unitskaya Guba, 45 km. it contains many Islands forming an archipelago.
  • Great lip, 20 km.
  • Povenetsky Bay. Thanks to him, formed the zaonezh'e Peninsula.

the second largest lake in the European part of Russia and Europe

Climate

The Pond is located near the Baltic and White seas, which leads to collisions over him air masses from the Atlantic ocean and the Arctic. From the East come thunderstorms and strong winds, heavy rain and thaw. Northern air brings frosts in August-September, and the harsh winter.

What month is freezing, the second largest lake in the European part of Russia? 4 class knows the answer to this question. Ice crust is fully formed in the period from November to December. Snow cover establishes in October-November and lasts until the end of April. The deadlines are stretched due to the great length of the lake. In the South the duration of the winters is somewhat lower than in the North.

The Summer on the lake short. Lasts from June to September. The sun almost never heats the air to a thirty-degree mark. Autumn – a period of bad weather with regular drizzle, strong winds and occasional freezing.

The high and low temperature near the lake: +34 and -48 ºC. February-the coldest month of the year, then the air cools down to an average of -10 ºC. July, in contrast, the warmest. At this time, the window is approximately +16 ºC. Cold and warm air flows, which in turn dominate in the region, causing a sharp temperature changes. In the first month of the year can be observed -41 and +5 ºC, and in July the thermometer can show +33 -2 ºC.

The Second largest lake in the European part of Russia has a large number of Islands (16,5 thousand), the bulk of which is confined to the Northern side.

the second largest lake in the European part of Russia title

Big Klimetsky island

It is the largest on the lake. Located North-East of Petrozavodsk, 41 km from the city. The size of the area of land - 30×8 km. Klimecki Big island is among the most picturesque in Karelia.

The Second largest lake in the European part of Russia is fraught with many phenomena that cannot be explained:

  • Repeatedly on the island of disappeared people, which appeared after a couple of hours or days from memory lapses.
  • “Rolled-up space”, a phenomenon in which a person can literally get lost where this is not possible.
  • Occasionally hear strange sounds and voices and feel the vibration of the soil.
  • People who have lived here for many decades, claim to have seen unidentified flying objects, “fairy lights” and wandering in the forest of ghosts.

the second largest lake in the European part of Russia grade 4

Kizhi Island

The Second largest lake in the European part of Russia is another large island – Kizhi. Fame gives him the architectural ensemble, which consists of a bell tower and two churches.

At the end of XX century Kizhi Pogost was included in the UNESCO list of objects.

The Coast and a vast expanse of water, wonderful nature and unique historical monuments attract many travelers. The second largest lake in the European part of Russia is still not a single person was left untouched.

...

Article in other languages:

AR: https://www.tostpost.com/ar/education/8176-onega---the-second-largest-lake-in-european-part-of-russia.html

BE: https://www.tostpost.com/be/adukacyya/14595-anezhskae---drugoe-pa-vel-chyn-vozera-e-rapeyskay-chastk-ras.html

DE: https://www.tostpost.com/de/bildung/14599-onega---der-zweitgr-te-see-des-europ-ischen-teils-von-russland.html

ES: https://www.tostpost.com/es/la-educaci-n/14606-onega---el-segundo-lago-m-s-grande-de-la-parte-europea-de-rusia.html

HI: https://www.tostpost.com/hi/education/8180-onega---the-second-largest-lake-in-european-part-of-russia.html

JA: https://www.tostpost.com/ja/education/8178-onega.html

KK: https://www.tostpost.com/kk/b-l-m/14598-onezhskoe---ek-nsh-r-k-l-reseyd-europaly-b-l-g.html

PL: https://www.tostpost.com/pl/edukacja/14593-onezhskoe---drugie-co-do-wielko-ci-jezioro-w-europejskiej-cz-ci-rosji.html

PT: https://www.tostpost.com/pt/educa-o/14586-onezhskoe---o-segundo-maior-lago-da-parte-europeia-da-r-ssia.html

TR: https://www.tostpost.com/tr/e-itim/14601-onega-en-b-y-k-ikinci-g-l-rusya-n-n-avrupa-k-sm.html

UK: https://www.tostpost.com/uk/osv-ta/14597-onez-ke---druge-za-velichinoyu-ozero-vropeys-ko-chastini-ros.html

ZH: https://www.tostpost.com/zh/education/8932-onega---the-second-largest-lake-in-european-part-of-russia.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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