Train - what is it? What are their types

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2018-03-18 12:21:04

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Train – it is a means of transportation often used by residents of the CIS, if they need to travel outside their locality. Few people know that before the advent of Railways the word “train” called another mode of transport. Let's find out what exactly and also a bit acquainted with the history of trains and their types.

Train –…

Today the word also refers to a train of several wagons attached to the locomotive leading the train in motion. Usually trains have “head” (the beginning) and “tail” (end), both sides of which are attached to the locomotive. Depending on which of the locomotives is now pulling the cars, the location of the "head" and "tail" of the train may vary. train it

By the Way, not all know, but even the locomotive without it hitched to wagons also relates to the concept of “train”.

CIS trains dustproof numbered to avoid any confusion. The cars also get rooms, and they are the same even if you change the "head" of the train.

What is called “train” in the past

In Russia, the word “train” appeared much earlier than humanity ever came up with the rail. In the old days was called a wagon train, consisting of a string of consecutive carts (in the winter - the sledge). These trains were used to transport provisions and military weapons, as well as traders in order to transport their goods from one place to another.

With the advent of the Railways, familiar to the people of the Russian Empire the word was used as the title for the engine and for it in combination with cars. By the way, the cars themselves are initially continued to call crews.

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Interestingly, in a similar sense, the term “train” today used only during the wedding festivities. The so-called solemn procession of the groom to the bride's house to take her to Church or the registry office.

Origin of term

The Noun “train” is originally a Russian word, which was formed from the noun “trip” to the verb “to go" (move with the vehicle).

what train

The verb existed in proto-Slavic language. For this reason it is preserved in the modern Ukrainian (“stiti”), Belarusian (“ezzzy”) , Bulgarian (“Asda”), Czech (Jezdit), Polish (Jeździć) and other Slavic languages.

The First railway in the Russian Empire

In Europe, was first launched the first passenger train in September 1830 Practical Europeans pretty soon realized how comfortable and practical, and most importantly, a new cheap form of transport, and soon the territory of the most advanced countries covered by the grid of Railways.

A few years after was launched the first train, was interested and the inhabitants of the Russian Empire, and began work on creating its own locomotive.

In 1836, was the first attempt to put the train on the railway, however, then instead of the engine pulling cars behind him pulled a string of horses. After a successful trial in 1837 was established the train Saint Petersburg-Tsarskoe Selo, which ran on a specially built railway. It is noteworthy that the locomotive for the movement of the train is used only on weekends, and on weekdays instead of wagon part the old-fashioned pulled on rails drawn by horses. the train Saint Petersburg

It Should be noted that the successful demonstration of the first Railways and its possibilities contributed to the development of this infrastructure throughout the Empire, and the beginning of the new century in Russia was a network of Railways.

What are the different types of trains in CIS

Classification of trains is made on various grounds. To understand what train what species, you need to clearly know his speed, length, weight, range of destination and type of cargo. timetables

  • The speed of the train are: fast (more than 50 km/h) high speed (140 km/h), high speed (200-250 km/h) and accelerated (exact no speed, but he moves faster than the ambulance and speed, not carrying passengers).
  • Length - the usual no name, dlinnosostavny, increased the length of and the United of several trains.
  • Weight - heavy and high mass (over 6,000 tons).
  • Range – suburban, long-distance (more than 150 km), straight (followed by more than two roads), local (within the same road is followed by less than 700 km) through the district (going from one station to another), teams (deliver the cars at different stations).
  • The type of the goods trains are passenger, freight (commodity), cargo, gruzobagazha, postal-baggage and military.
  • Regularity: summer-time, year-round.

The Terms “train”, “station”: what's the connection?

Considering the theme of trains, it is impossible not to recall the notion of “station”. Although there are bus stations, river, sea, air (airports), most often in the minds of citizens, this concept is closely connected with the railroad. The fact that the journey by train and to this day remains the cheapest and most available to residents of almost every country, where there is a railway. train station

The Station is a complex of one or more buildings, built to serve passengers and baggage sorting. They are placed in critical points of the transport route (in the case of railway – the largest settlements).

Traditionally, the stations not only can Board or get off any vehicle, and also check the timetables, buy tickets at the box office, leave your Luggage in the Luggage room, go to the toilet or eat at a local cafe. Also, many stations equipped halls expectations, rest rooms (or hotels), where each passenger can wait for your train or relax and give himself up.

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AR: https://www.tostpost.com/ar/education/3660-train---what-is-it-what-are-their-types.html

BE: https://www.tostpost.com/be/adukacyya/6443-cyagn-k---geta-shto-takoe-yak-ya-byvayuc-h-v-dy.html

DE: https://www.tostpost.com/de/bildung/6443-zug---was-ist-das-was-sind-ihre-typen.html

ES: https://www.tostpost.com/es/la-educaci-n/6449-el-tren-es-lo-que-es-cu-les-son-los-tipos-de.html

HI: https://www.tostpost.com/hi/education/3662-train---what-is-it-what-are-their-types.html

JA: https://www.tostpost.com/ja/education/3661-train---what-is-it-what-are-their-types.html

KK: https://www.tostpost.com/kk/b-l-m/6446-poyyz---b-l-ne-anday-olardy-t-rler.html

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PT: https://www.tostpost.com/pt/educa-o/6443-trem---o-que-quais-s-o-seus-tipos.html

TR: https://www.tostpost.com/tr/e-itim/6450-tren---bu-nedir-hangi-gelir-t-rleri.html

UK: https://www.tostpost.com/uk/osv-ta/6447-po-zd---ce-scho-take-yak-buvayut-h-vidi.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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