Each word has a lexical meaning. This is what we imagine in your mind when you hear or read it.
For Example, concepts such as ‘autumn, leaf fall”.
Some words lexical meaning is one. For example, “leaf fall” – the unique token. But “autumn” – a two-digit concept. One of which – directly time of year, and another – the period of life when he begins to age. Such words are called polysemous.
This is a lexical concept, which refers to the ability of words to denote different phenomena that exist in the world. Below this the following examples:
The ambiguity of the word implies the development of language. Use in different situations and circumstances, one name leads to the formation of additional lexical meanings.
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This ability words, on the one hand, results in savings of lexical means and on the other, testifies to this human property as generalized thinking.
The Ambiguity of words (polysemy) is a unity of multiple values in a single sound.
Some values of the word are figurative. Unlike a direct sense, they are secondary and are formed on the basis of any resemblance to the original concept. For example, the word “brush” immediate value – part of the arm, dividing into constituent elements. This semantics goes to other items that are entity composed of separate pieces: paint brush, grapevine brush.
The Ambiguity of words related to other lexical linguistic concepts. For example, synonymy:
Antonymy (the phenomenon that words have the opposite meaning) is also associated with the concept called ‘ambiguous”. The words given below can serve as examples:
Transfer of values, in which appears the ambiguous words, language forms on the basis of similarities, for example, in the form:
Observing the varied phenomena, people notice the similarity of objects by color. Such a process also leads to the emergence of portable values.
The ambiguity of the word
A direct. - made of gold; Perrin. - similar to gold;
A direct. – made of silver;
Perrin. – similar to the silver;
A direct. – consisting of coral formations, made of coral;
Perrin. – a kind of coral;
A direct. – carved from a ruby.
Perrin. - similar to ruby.
A direct. – emerging from the fire;
Perrin. – like fire;
The Polysemy of Russian words enriches the language the possibility of using the means of artistic expression. Depending on how committed the transfer of the value, vary the metaphor, metonymy and synecdoche.
Metaphor – the means of expression language, which is characterized by the transfer of the value according to the similarity of shape, color or other characteristics:
Analyze a poem written based on the painting of V. Perov “Unequal marriage”.
The Dew of tears from your eyes sad
Shine on the satin cheeks.
Happiness is Buried in your chest.
This sad picture will help us in the study of metaphor as a means of expression.
In the first line of the poem is a metaphor – “the dew". This word has a value of “water droplets on the grass and leaves". But neither grass nor leaves in the picture there, and drops – the tears of the unfortunate bride. In this case we are dealing with a hidden comparison – a metaphor.
In the second sentence, metaphor – the word “petals”, which on this canvas, again, no. There's a girl-bride, whose cheeks (cheeks) are compared with the delicate flower.
In addition to metaphors in that sentence has the epithet ‘satin’. It is a figurative definition also contains a figurative sense, that is, calls that which is not. The word has a direct meaning "made of smooth and soft fabrics”. And in relation to ‘petals LANIT” it is used in a figurative sense.
Epithets so similar to metaphors in their function, differs from them in that they are adjectives and answer the questions “what? what? what? what? what? what?” etc.
Metaphors – nouns or verbs. In the last sentence of this tool are expressed with the word “buried”, which has direct significance – “process of burial of a deceased person”. But this picture depicts the moment of the wedding. Then word says what is not, thus, it has a figurative meaning. Thus, the author of forever saying goodbye to my hope to be happy, that is to marry his girlfriend. Perhaps it is metaphorically expressed as a young man, shown to the right of the bride.
The Figurative meaning can be formed at the adjacency of the objects, it means that the word has the ability to identify not only “your” the object or phenomenon, but associated with it in some way. Below this...
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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