"Who?", "what?" - what case answers these questions? Forms of the instrumental case

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2018-03-17 23:16:21

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Nouns in the Russian language incline. To avoid mistakes in spelling unstressed endings in words must be the case. It needs to put to the noun question. The spelling of endings depends in what case is the word. You must also be able to determine the type of declension and number of the noun. For example, "who?", "what?" - what case answers these questions? What the end will be the noun in this position?

How to determine the case of nouns

The Man who makes errors in spelling endings of nouns, cannot be considered as a cultural citizen of the country. And if someone asks, "What?", "what?" - what case answers these questions?", should be answered correctly. In particular, it may be: naturally, this case by! For example, in the sentence “Flowering plants are pollinated by insects and wind” not to be “plants” there are additions “insects” and “wind”. Ask questions to those words, which perform the role of the ons: "by whom?", "what?" What the case is responsible for them, we have found – by. It now remains only to choose the desired option from the table of endings. Take a closer look at all versions of the declination.what than what is the case

1 endings of nouns declension singular instrumental case-solid option

The Complexity of spelling in the Russian language is that there are declension of nouns. In practice, to determine the case of the noun need in order to correctly write the end. This produces a parse of the sentence under the terms of the proposal. In instrumental case endings in nouns also differ. What ends writing in unstressed position, depends on which declension they belong to, what are the genus and the number used in this context. For example, nouns 1 declension in the singular instrumental case of nouns has the ending-Oh, -she, -her. As an example, you can use the offer: “Children with a smile watched the funny monkey”. In this case the words “monkey” and “smile” you ask the questions "who?", "what?" What the case is responsible for them? Everyone should know what the answer is - by. You also need to determine the declension of these nouns and number. Since both words refer to the 1st declension and are in the singular, and the ending they should have -Oh, because these words tend to type a solid option.

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instrumental case

1 endings of nouns declension singular instrumental case-soft option

In a soft way in this position traced the ending-it or -her. As examples you can take suggestions "Tanya and aunt all winter nursed the wounded Heron, and in the spring released it into the wild. The bird soared above the ground, soared gracefully by flapping their wings!” Here, in the first sentence there are the words “aunt”, “Heron" ending in-it. And the second sentence is the word “land” with the end in instrumental case.

instrumental case of nouns

The endings of the nouns declension 2 singular instrumental case-solid option

In the 2nd declension nouns in the singular, standing in the instrumental case, the end have th -eat-eat. Considering the proposal of “the Children cared for the rabbit», easy to install, additions “happy” and “rabbit” used in the singular and belong to the 2nd declension. Will help you understand what it is - instrumental case, questions: “with what?”, “who?” - rabbit. Consequently, the end of these words will be -em, -om.

instrumental case questions

The endings of the nouns declension 2 singular instrumental case-soft option

In a soft way in this position traced the ending-eat -eat. As example the following sentence: “Valentin made a knight's move, on the Marina in response to the Queen "ate" the rook". Here the word 2 declination “horse” and “Queen” stand in the instrumental case singular and end in -em. As in the example “Over the field flying cranes” the word “field” has the ending-you eat.

what the instrumental case

The end of the 3 declension nouns, the singular instrumental case of

In the 3rd declension nouns in the singular instrumental case spell the end of them. In the proposals «Natalia happily ran to practice. With his horse the rider was met with a closest friend”, “horse” and “happy” relate to the 3rd declension, are in the singular. They answer the questions “who?”, “what?”. The instrumental case, which are these nouns dictates the end of these words, sue.

adjectives in the instrumental case

The end of plural nouns in the instrumental case

Nouns in instrumental case, used in the plural, have the endings-s, -s, -mi. “you Can admire the lemurs, surprised at how deftly they eat, taking food gently legs, like humans!” In this example, there are plural nouns that stand by the case “Madagascar”, “legs”. Determine the case and number of these nouns, a competent person will write the end to see what happened. Some nouns in this position spell the end –mi. For example, in the sentence "the Running horses can be admired indefinitely” so the word is “horse”, which answers the question “who?”

 form the instrumental case

Semantic roles of nouns in the instrumental case

The Form of the instrumental case can play in offer a variety of roles. For example, a noun can act as:

  • Tool (to cut with a knife, writing pen, cut with a chainsaw);
  • Medium (dyeing eyelashes mascara, brush their teeth);
  • The patient (to command a platoon, conduct the orchestra);
  • Agens (training is a doctorate);
  • Effector (seedlings were hit by hail, the wind tore the hat);
  • Reason (to suffer with boredom, sick with chickenpox);
  • Trajectory (to go box, pour throat);
  • Time (early morning, late evening);
  • Incentive (to admire the mind, to smell of honey);
  • Measure (to bring in meat wagons);
  • Aspect (different skill, like a complaisance);
  • Standard of comparison (jump young goat, horse laugh, watch evil lemur).

semantic role of the instrumental case

Adjectives in the instrumental case

A Sign of the noun, standing in the instrumental case expressed as an adjective, to be used in the same case. That is, if the speaker will speak: “it is Impossible to remain indifferent, not admiring the roses growing over the neighbor's fence" in this sentence, the adjective “amazing”, which is a characteristic of the word “rose”, will also be in the instrumental case as the noun which it determines. Same is the case with the adjective “neighborhood”, which will stand also in the instrumental case as the word ‘fence" to which it relates.

adjectives in the instrumental case

Adjective Endings in the instrumental case

To avoid mistakes in writing the endings of adjectives, they should ask questions. Adjectives have the same endings as and asked them questions.

  1. For Example, the adjective is feminine singular, you can ask the question “what?” means and end, they will be on my, her. “a Luxurious rose has bloomed the girl from the second floor”. There is such a link: the rose (what?) luxurious. In the soft variant is used the option - ‘Early spring birch beside the road as if served green lace shawl”. It should put the question “what?” for the adjective “early” from the word “spring”.
  2. Adjective masculine and neuter in the instrumental case singular asks the question ‘what?» the End of them, respectively, will be -im or -YM. For example: “Secret feeling tormented, Tatiana couldn't fall asleep..." In this sentence it is necessary to consider the phrase “a secret sense&ra...





Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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