The First ruling dynasty of the Frankish state was the Merovingians, whose ancestors are considered to be mythical rather than real personalities. Accurate data on them there was little, and it gave the right of posterity to ascribe a divine origin. Anyway, but representatives of this dynasty ensured the emergence of the state francs.
In Russia there is a source called "chronicle" of some data which are contested by later studies, and in France there is an anonymous chronicle “the Book of the history of the Franks" or ‘the acts of the Frankish kings». As the author of the Russian chronicle attributed to the monk Nestor and French source allegedly made Bishop of tours Gregory of tours. According to this book, the Merovingian race can be traced down to king Priam, the last ruler of Troy, the number of children which consisted of 5 dozen. One of them was Marcomir, the leader of the Franks in the fourth century. But the son of his Faramond, according to the source, has long been considered the first king of the dynasty of the Merovingians. But later, its very existence was questioned. So Faramond as the first Governor of the state francs ...
His son, long-Haired Clodion (390-447.), who ruled approximately 427-447, is also a legendary or mythical person. Although it is known to a few more. It is considered the king of Salic or West Franks. This branch became isolated from the rest of this people, and lived in Toxandria (North Brabant, between the rivers Meuse and Scheldt) with 420 years, and then to Tournai, a city located not far from the present Brussels. Nickname “long-Haired” Clodion was because no haircut since birth hair hinted of divine origin and belonging to the Royal caste. It is known that his son and successor a certain meroveus is already semi-legendary figure, and it is believed that because his name was the name of the first ruling dynasty of the Frankish state of the Merovingians. But he is not the first ruler of the state francs. However, some sources that he credited with the victory over the Huns on the catalaunian plains. Attila retreated, and the Salic Franks settled permanently in Gaul.
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A certain meroveus died after a ten-year reign, succeeded by his son Khil'derik I. And here he is a real person. This has not only written and physical evidence. In 1653 at the Church of Saint-Brice, a member of now in Canton and the Brandy, the construction of the Foundation for the shelter was found a grave Henderika to his weapons, personal belongings and jewelry on which was engraved his name, translated as “powerful warrior». He expanded the territory of the future of the Frankish state, defeated the Saxons and took Anjou. The ruler of Salic Franks he was with 457 at 481. Died at approximately the age of 40 years.
His Successor was Clovis I (466 - 511) – the most talented and powerful king of the dynasty of the Merovingians. He ruled from 481 for 511 years. He is the founder and first ruler of the state francs. He concluded a close Alliance with the Pope, turned when it became the most powerful on the ruins of the Roman Empire, the Frankish state into a Bastion of Catholicism. The country has become not only powerful, but also Christian. In 496 year, destroying allemanov (Germanic tribe, the German language is translated as “everyone”), Clovis adopts Roman Catholicism. He was considered the epitome of the combination of mind and cruelty, of valor and treachery. Because of these qualities, the state of the Franks several times expanded its territory. The motto of his reign was the slogan: “the end justifies the means”. But after his death, the powerful country collapsed.
Throughout its existence from V to IX century Frankia (first mentioned in the III century) knew the UPS and downs, had great rulers and their incompetent followers. The first Governor of the state of the Franks and his last king Clovis I and Charlemagne was important personalities both in French and in world history. To the merits of the first king, in addition to a significant expansion of the territory and the adoption of the Christian religion, is the fact that he established his residence in Paris, greatly strengthened Royal power, made it hereditary. The first ruler of the Frankish state Clovis I contributed to the writing of "Salic truth", which is one of the earliest "the Barbarous truths". "Truth" – set of unwritten rules and customs that the state government has sanctioned. That is, it was an attempt to create a judicial-administrative apparatus. The merits of this great king in many areas. But the question about who was the Baptist of France, there is a clear answer: the first Governor of the state of the Franks Clovis I.
But still inthe state of the Franks in the Early middle Ages was weak centralization of power. Essentially, in the territorial structure dominated rodopsina division. Inferior, but play a prominent role unit - “hundreds”, were United in Pagi, or districts, which was a modified Roman community. They were no longer generic, as was the neighborhood, or territorial (Engels “marks”). Communities, in turn, United in the County, the totality of which represented the early Frankish state. The rulers of the regions of the Frankish state-graphs - had total power in their jurisdiction was only local the possession of the king. Laws, their execution, the collection of taxes was in charge of the community. But when Clovis the country gradually begins to control the Royal court.
During the expansion of the state and strengthening throughout the Supreme ruler of the national Assembly lose their value. The king became the Supreme judge. In free from war time, he toured the country addressing serious crimes. Minor violations are still brought to court communities. Over time, and the governors of the king in the fields – graphs, consolidated his power and became the real rulers of exercising General management. It must be emphasized that the first ruler of the Frankish state was crowned in the year of 481 in the Cathedral city of Reims. There is a legend about the chosen people of Clovis. On the eve of his coronation, the dove brought from heaven a phial full of oil for the anointing of the king on the throne. In the same Cathedral five years later, in 486, Clovis I was baptized.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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