Aluminium oxide

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2018-03-17 20:35:12

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Aluminum oxide is found in the natural environment in the form of an ordinary alumina, its chemical formula is AL2O3. This is crystal, not having a color temperature in 2044°C begins to melt, and when it reaches the level of 3530 °C boiling.

In the natural environment, the only stable modification of a substance is corundum, which has a density of 3.99 g/cm3. This is a very solid specimen, belonging to the ninth level in the table of the Mohs. The value of refractive index is: for ordinary beam - 1,765, and 1,759 for the extraordinary. In the natural environment of the alumina often contains various metal oxides, so the mineral corundum may purchase different shades of its color. For example, these are sapphires, rubies and other precious stones. As such, the aluminium oxide can be obtained and laboratory-chemical means. For this purpose, metastable form of A12O3 and decompose them thermally. Also as a source of aluminium oxide laboratory method using aluminum hydroxide.

The Standard compound is tetragonisca crystal lattice, containing about 1-2% water. You can get and amorphous in its structure, the aluminium oxide – alumogel what eleventy solution AL(OH) 3 and dehydrate get a substance in the form of a porous transparent mass.

Aluminum oxide is completely insoluble in water, but can dissolve in cryolite heated to a high temperature. The substance is amphoteric. Typical of such a property of the synthesized aluminium oxide as the inverse temperature dependence of its formation and chemical activity. As artificial (that is obtained at a temperature of over 1200°C), and natural corundum in a normal environment show almost complete chemical inertness and a complete lack of water absorption.

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Aluminum Oxide chemical properties began to manifest at temperatures of about 1000°C when he starts to interact intensely with such substances as various alkali, carbonates of alkali metals. When this interaction produces aluminates. More slowly compound reacts with SiO2 and various kinds of waste acidic. As a result of these interactions produces aluminosilicates.

Alumogel and aluminum oxide, obtained by calcination of any of the hydroxides of aluminum at a temperature of at least 550°C, have very good hygroscopicity, great enter into chemical reactions and actively interact with acidic and alkaline solutions.

As a rule, as raw materials for the production of aluminum oxide serve as bauxite, alunite, and nepheline. When the content of the substances in question more than 6-7% of the production is the main method – by the Bayer's method, but with a smaller content of substances using the method of sintering the ore with lime or soda. Bayer method is a the processing of crushed rock in ball mills, then, the bauxite is treated with alkaline solutions at a temperature of 225-250°C. the thus Obtained composition of the sodium aluminate solution is diluted with water and filtered. In the process of filtering a slurry containing aluminum oxide, the properties of which comply with the standard, is subjected to decomposition in the centrifuges. This technology gives the opportunity to obtain 50% yield of the substance. In addition, the use of this method allows you to keep the stock solution for use in subsequent operations on the leaching of bauxite.

Typically, a synthetic method of aluminium oxide is used as intermediate material to produce pure aluminum. In industry it is used as raw material for the manufacture of refractory materials, abrasive and ceramic cutting tools. Modern technologies are actively used single crystals of aluminum oxide in the manufacture of hours, printed circuit boards, jewelry.






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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