The Concept of SEZ is no longer considered new in both professional and common sense. To date, however, it is difficult to determine what it is, what are the objectives for establishing such zones, what they are and how widely represented in Russia. In this article we will closely look at this phenomenon, presenting the special economic zone "Lipetsk".
Free (or special) economic zone (SEZ, SEZ) is a limited area in the region, which has a specific legal status in relation to that territory and released preferential conditions to entrepreneurs, foreign and domestic.
The Main purpose of creation of special economic zones (including special economic zone "Lipetsk") will be the decision of the state strategic objectives - social, trade, economic, regional, technical and scientific. FEZ is only open for a limited time (in Russia, for example, is 49 years). Extension.
It is Important not to confuse this term with the concept of "free trade zone" ("special trade economic zone"). Latest is granting duty-free regime for import of goods of those countries that were signed between the relevant contract.
The aims of establishing special economic zone "Lipetsk" and any other can be divided into two areas.
|State objectives||Investor objectives|
|Import Substitution||The Convergence of the consumer and production|
|Foreign direct investment||Minimization of costs due to the lack of customs duties|
|The Development of a database export||Using more economical labor force|
|Create new places of employment, including high-class specialists||Open access infrastructure|
|The application of advanced technologies||Development region|
|Experiments with new forms of governance and organization of the labor process||Reduction of bureaucratic barriers|
And what can be formed special economic zone?
For example, the special economic zone "Lipetsk" refers to the industry group. And what SEZ there are?
Types of business activity. There are:
According to type of organization. Here three degrees:
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Nationality. There are two kinds:
The level of implementation in the economy of the state. Also two groups:
The variety of benefits. Important is the separation:
In our country, the SEZ is regulated by the law No. 116, adopted in 2005. The development of such zones has been specially established organization - OJSC "Special economic zones". Its only shareholder - the state.
The Objectives of creating SEZ in Russia were several:
A Special regime in the SEZ is as follows:
At the beginning of 2016 on the territory of the Russian Federation was open 33 free economic zones. They are divided into four types:
"Lipetsk" special economic zone of industrial-production type. Located in two locations in the Lipetsk region, whose total area about 2 thousand hectares. Founded in 2005. The General Director acts Koshelev I. N. In 2015, the turnover of this zone has made 7077 million.
The Specific addresses of the special economic zone "Lipetsk" has not. Its main site is located on the territory Griazinsky municipal area near the highway "Lipetsk - Gryazi" (coordinates: 52°30′14″ North latitude 39°49′12″ East longitude). Additional - in the Yelets area, near the village of New'shanets (coordinates: 52°38′ North latitude 38°40′ East longitude).
Three times (2014, two in 2016) was the winner in the ranking of the best free ekonomzone, each year compiled by the magazine Financial Times:
In 2016, the SEZ "Lipetsk" was also the winner of the competition of VTB "development Award" in the category "Best infrastructure project".
In 2015, the realm of the SEZ "Lipetsk", there were 6 residents. At the end of that year their number increased to 42. To date, we can talk about the 47 residents.
For example, we List some of the enterprises of the special economic zone "Lipetsk"
After the companies of the special economic zone "Lipetsk" talk a little bit about its history.
In 2005, the Government adopted the decision about creation on the territory of the state six free ekonomzone - industrial and technical innovation. The results of the contest arranged by the Russian Ministry of economic development, the Lipetsk region got the opportunity to open a SEZ on its territory.
And then the events developed as follows:
By 2025, is expected the following characteristics:
On the territory of the Lipetsk SEZ has the following special...
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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