# Armoured cable for laying in earth: stamps, calculation

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2018-03-19 10:00:50

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In this article we will discuss how to conduct underground armored cables. In addition, tell you about their labeling and directly about how calculated lines.

## Requirements for laying of armored cable in the ground

Strip armoured cable lines as any construction process can be divided into stages. It's important to consider a clear sequence and the correctness of the implementation plan, and implementation of all installation conditions.

Before you start laying cables, you need to consider the following requirements:

• Cable bus needs without any obstacles to carry out the working voltage, so it should not interfere with the laid underground pipes, tree roots and other objects. Also impermissible obstruction of the cable line.
• During the wiring cable is provided to develop the drainage bag of sand or special fibre in this regard, the depth of the ditch should be from 75 centimeters to 1 meter.
• Armoured cable for laying in the ground it is necessary to provide grounding.
• Top layer of the mound of pillows – Sandstone, gravel and substances which are difficult of combustion.
• If the gasket appears to be placed in one hole of two or more armored conductors, the distance between the cable line shall be not less than 11 inches.
• When you connect bronekabel from the applied high-voltage transmission line terminations are used.

## Strip armored cable in the ground

Ditch for cables is an alternative to the high-voltage transmission line. The packing plan is pretty simple, but has quite a long and laborious process.

1. When preparing highways for laying armoured cable for laying in the ground check for its integrity along the entire surface. In case, you find minor damage, fix them or isolate, but with a larger amount of damage give me a new one. You also have to remember that you are working with a hard material, so not to damage it, set on rolling and fixed gantry.
2. Armoured cable for laying in the ground cannot be laid without a plan. Should be made a special development area on which the work will be conducted. Such a plan will help to understand the General information about the selected for laying out the plots. Pit, as has been said above, must be at least 65 centimeters in depth and width is calculated, given the length between the cables and the walls of the trench.
3. Wiring, sandy or fibrous cushion on the bottom of the trench to produce an even layer. Then put the wire without stretching – waves.
4. Then armoured cable for laying in the ground of extra sleep layer of sand of not less than 10 centimeters. Then the top layer of the sand cushion is closed with brick or stone. This is necessary to protect the conductive wires from unplanned deformation when conducting excavation work near the site of the strip.
5. After the trench is filled with an additional layer of the earth between 15 and 20 cm, pre-tamped it.

## Features armoured cables

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Power armored cables for installation in the ground consist of one or more conductors. Conductors can be made of different conductive materials, most often copper and aluminum.

Also, the cables can be made with ground dwelling, usually it has a cross section lower than the main cores. Isolation is necessary to provide the required electric strength between conductors and the armored shell. It is made from various polymeric materials.

Now consider the features of copper armored cable. Armor of this cable is able to protect from the harmful and corrosive environmental conditions. Copper armoured cable for laying in the ground is perfect for laying and installation of conductive tracks with a high probability of damage. The product of this type is carried by two armored strips and covered with a layer of polyvinyl chloride.

How does aluminum armored cable? Conductors of this type are used when large cross-section, it is not subjected to severe bending or stretching, as aluminium is very fragile material. Armoured aluminum cable for laying in the ground is formed by winding ribbons around a galvanized insulation material plastic or PVC.

## The Advantages of armoured cables

As for the benefits of armored cables, they are as follows:

1. Huge durability and resistance to mechanical stress.
2. Minimal requirements.
3. Long secret service (60 years old).
4. Resistance to temperature extremes and also to operate at temperatures from +55 to -60 Celsius.
5. Reliability and easy maintenance.
6. Wide range of application.
7. Large selection of products.
8. Anti-corrosion and moisture

## Types of armor on the outer protective layer

Long lifespan and high corrosion resistance guarantee the materials used for the defense of the cable. Depending on the type of styling and features of soil select different types of armor. One of the most famous labels is ABL, AVBBSHV, VBBSHV. Cross-section of these conductors is 1.5 mm2 270 mm2. Such lines can be with different number of cores (1 to 5).

Types of external security:

1. Steel metal belt - very durable armor, which protects the electric line from external physical impacts, for example, in the excavation with the excavator bucket, punch a crowbar or a shovel.
2. Stainless Steel wire provides stability against moisture and corrosion.
3. Steel band made in the form of corrugations. This type of armor covered telephone wires. This layer protects from moisture and mechanical shock.

## Brand armoured cables

Brand armored cables for installation in the ground is necessary to choose suitable characteristics, based on the calculation conditions. And the purpose of the marking is necessary to display product features:

• Material lived;
• Assignment;
• Insulation class;
• Design feature;
• Section of the product;
• Rated voltage;
• Rated current.

For example wire type VBBSHV where:

• In - core, isolated from polyvinyl chloride.
• B – a protective layer of wires, the armor is made of sheet and spiral wound ribbon.
• B-bituminous layer between the conductor. Used for conductors of large cross-section area.
• SWISS-outer layer of polyvinyl chloride.

## Calculation of a cable line

As you can tell from the title, now you will learn how to carry out the calculation. Armoured cable for laying in the ground is calculated to select the optimal type and section of power wire. First, you must determine the estimated currents according to the formula, which is presented below.

RN - rated power of the consumer, VT.

- the coefficient of demand of the consumer.

UC - nominal voltage of the network.

Cos f - power factor of the consumer.

NC - the coefficient of performance of the network.

Next, carry out the calculation of the mechanical strength of the cable.

After calculating the chosen conductor cross-section greater than or equal to calculated.

...

Article in other languages:

AR: https://www.tostpost.com/ar/business/7351-armoured-cable-for-laying-in-earth-stamps-calculation.html

BE: https://www.tostpost.com/be/b-znes/13145-bran-ravany-kabel-dlya-prakladk-zyaml-mark-razl-k.html

DE: https://www.tostpost.com/de/business/13149-gepanzertes-kabel-f-r-die-verlegung-in-der-erde-marke-berechnung.html

ES: https://www.tostpost.com/es/negocio/13162-cable-apantallado-para-el-tendido-en-la-tierra-la-marca-el-c-lculo-de-.html

HI: https://www.tostpost.com/hi/business/7358-armoured-cable-for-laying-in-earth-stamps-calculation.html

JA: https://www.tostpost.com/ja/business/7356-armoured-cable-for-laying-in-earth-stamps-calculation.html

KK: https://www.tostpost.com/kk/biznes/13148-bronirovannyy-kabel-t-seu-sh-n-zher-nde-markaly-esepteu.html

PL: https://www.tostpost.com/pl/biznes/13142-opancerzony-kabel-do-uk-adania-w-ziemi-marki-obliczanie.html

PT: https://www.tostpost.com/pt/neg-cios/13136-cabo-blindado-para-tira-na-terra-a-marca-o-c-lculo.html

TR: https://www.tostpost.com/tr/business/13151-z-rhl-kablo-d-enmesi-i-in-zemin-marka-hesaplama.html

UK: https://www.tostpost.com/uk/b-znes/13148-bron-ovaniy-kabel-dlya-prokladki-v-zeml-marki-rozrahunok.html

ZH: https://www.tostpost.com/zh/business/8009-armoured-cable-for-laying-in-earth-stamps-calculation.html

Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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