"Dragon" - a weapon of mine

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2018-03-19 08:41:33

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Minefield – the most effective way to defend their position from enemy attacks. Of course, this is not an absolute deterrent, but in many cases it is appropriate and effective. But to work around such fields, you first need to neutralize them, and help in this special system, such as “dragon” (weapons). That it is a reliable tool that is worth to invest money, or unnecessary fixture?

A Little history

Note that the first modern system for mine action were established by the British in 1912. Initially this weapon was not fought with mines and barbed wire. For the explosion was used a pipe length of 5 m, which was charged 27 kg of gun-cotton. Ammunition slips under the fence and exploded. Because of the long shape of the munition was called a torpedo.

dragon weapons

In the USSR the first demining appeared during the war, and it was a long charge U3: it represented a tube length of 2 m and a diameter of 7 cm, which can be placed a little more than 5 kg of TNT. The essence of his actions was the fact that a tank with a trawl pulled charges for clearance, after which they exploded. Despite the efficiency of such a system, it had many flaws. First of all, the clearance took place rapidly, and its preparation required a lot of time.

UR-67

“dragon” - weapons, which is based UR-67. This system of clearance were used to fight with anti-tank mines. However, the first version was not the most perfect, and UR-67 was replaced by the UR-77 "Meteorite", which is still considered the main engine of this type in the Russian army. While maintaining the basic design features of the system and its principle of operation, it was equipped with the new ammunition. The basis of elongated charge 77 are detonating cables longer than 10 m, which are connected into a single cord collar nuts.

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Why “dragon”?

dragon weapons clearance

The Weapon, a photo of which speaks of his glowering, got their name for a reason. This is due to the powerful and frightening spectacle: at first you hear the deafening roar of a rocket engine, then to the sky vzmetayutsya short rocket, and consequently of something white. After uncoupling the missile flies forward and falls to the ground a long “sausage”, and then the earth rocked by a severe explosion.

How to change the design...

It is Remarkable, but when you create a model, the designers proposed to abandon the basic tracked vehicle. This type of clearance system received the designation UR-83П, she was transported on a truck, and then going directly on the battlefield, in a tank trench.

Tank installation had the lightweight frame, but the system was not widespread, because the responsiveness was much weaker. In wartime “dragon” (the weapon is still considered one of the safest in the world) was a great help in overcoming the minefields. At least was able to save the lives of sappers and miners.

What features?

dragon weapons photo

“dragon” is a weapon that is constantly improving. So, the chassis model is based on the design of the tractor MT-LB. The features of the new model include:

  1. Special bell tower protects the pad guide of the exhaust of the rockets and boxes of cord. This important innovation, because armored bins for ammunition are composed of more than 1,500 tons of explosives. Before you start, the armored covers is raised to the desired angle, then work with just three buttons: launching solid-propellant motor, which undermined the charge discharging brake cable.
  2. Recharge installation takes about 40 minutes.
  3. The Explosive cord may be laid by crane or manually.
  4. “dragon” is a weapon that can be run even with water.

For the First time this unit was used in combat in the 1973 – at this time the weapons were supplied to Egypt. Subsequently, the model has participated in almost all military operations of the USSR and Russia.

How it works?

UR-77 – self-propelled demining easy booking, which may make the passages a width of 6 m in mine fields that “stuffed” protivogusenichnyh anti-tank mines and mines with pin sensor end. Experts note that the system is easily and reliably cope with the explosive demolition of anti-personnel mines (similar to the U.S. M14) in the band width up to 14 m.

dragon weapons in Russia

One of the most reliable means of mine today – “dragon” (weapons). How to use it? The mines explode, due to the fact that triggers their own fuses under the impact of the shock waves. She, in turn, is produced from the explosion elongated charge of the mine. The installation itself includes two elements – the base car modified chassis and tower unit consisting of a launcher guide two missiles and two compartments under the section of detonating cord.

The basis – howitzer ‘Carnation’

“dragon” - a weapon of mine, which due to its unique characteristics has remained popular for many years. The quality of equipment used self-propelled howitzer 2S1 ‘Carnation’, which has a classic diagram of a tower design. Its body is created based on the steel sheets, characterized by integrity and the ability to overcome water obstacles. In the housing three departments: power, controls and combat.

dragon weapons working principle

On the roof is a welded turret, fighting compartment, which is equipped with a rotating basket. The tower is equipped with an instrument and a place for the crew. To starboard there is a seat loader, carrying sleeve, and on the left side-seat gunner, and sights. Main weapon – howitzer, which works on the basis of ammunition 122 mm. howitzers Work is based on the high explosive projectiles of different types, which are often complemented by a contact Fuze. Maximum firing range – 15.2 km away.

Ammunition system “dragon”

Weapons of the principle of operation is the following: it is assumed the use of a specific ammunition. It includes two elongated charge of the mine that have solid tow missiles. One charge is for one pass, i.e. through the installation of ammunition can do a two pass with a length of 93 m and a width of 6 m. the actual installation in the conduct of hostilities can be placed in the shelter and in the open countryside. The charges started with a short stop. Charges can run and water when you need to clear the minefields along the shoreline.

Main   setup

dragon weapons the principle

Powerful and modern “dragon” weapons. The principle of operation of the whole system of mine is as follows:

  1. UR-77 through a passage and out to the minefield, he can get in the range of 200-500 m.
  2. The distance to the border of the minefield is determined by the commander, who picks up tower installation at a certain angle of elevation, and then gives the command to start the charge.
  3. The Rocket goes with the guide rail and flying on a certain trajectory, while pulling a flexible cable associated with explosives.
  4. Rocket with a charge away on a length, which is determined by the length of the brake cable-it is attached to the nose of the car.
  5. Charge falls in a minefield, and rocket propellant engine is cut off.
  6. The Car is a mechanic-driver ago for equalizing charge in a straight line.
  7. Shooting brake cable.
  8. Full cycle Time of punching of the passage is maximum 5 minutes
  9. After the first cycle is completed, start the second charge.
  10. Recharge of the car takes about 40 minutes.

For this procedure the machine should be to the agreed location. The cooldown forces calculation with the attached engineering Department 30-40 minutes.

What are the prospects?

“dragon” (weapons LVL-77), also called the war "Meteorite" in 2014, it was again transferred to the armament of the Russian Federation, however, in a new form. The upgraded plant was developed by the research Institute of Balashikha and designers Rubtsovsk machine-building plant. As the chassis for this model, we used the base of the combat vehicle BMP-3. Launcher additionally equipped with extra-long charge mine.

dragon weapons that it

“dragon” is a weapon in Russia, which is popular thanks to sophisticated design and technical characteristics. With their help, you can do the passages in the minefield width of a few tens of meters at any distance. Updated charges can destroy any type of min. Charge.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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