The context is the connection of things and phenomena


2019-10-13 23:20:16




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the context isNo phenomenon or event does not occur in isolation, in a vacuum. Not one word is used "in itself" - regardless of others. A context is a term of Latin origin (lat. contextus). It refers to relationships, communication, environment.

It is Difficult to find a sphere where the phenomenon is not found to the application, where it would be insignificant. The word in context can take on a variety of values and shades of meaning up to the opposite (for example, if it was used with irony or sarcasm). In language, as in interpersonal communication, interpretation of text, speech, or expression, depends on what was said (meant) before and after. For example, for the word "sea" in direct context of the large amount of water, but saying "sea of sand", we mean desert. The lexeme is used here as a metaphor. The meaning of the word "sea" here is perceived as a synonym for "huge amount", "something immense."

In the field of speech communication, ignoring the entourage, the atmosphere, the situation of the conversation can lead not only to misunderstandings, but also to conflicts. It is also extremely important in this region and cultural context. This is often a decisive factor, which can completely distort the course of the meeting and further developments. For example, in France when greeting completely normal to be kissing on the cheek, even among strangers. And in Japan or the UK, this gesture is perceived to be unnatural, too intimate.

the context in the literatureIn linguistics in the study of human communication we focus on the phraseological context (the meaning of the words and idioms), as well as situational. In the case of the latter, important factors such as time, space, field: business negotiations, lectures, family conversation, debates, and previous communication event. Significant also are the participants in the communication process and the role that they are intended, for example: mentor, friend, lover. Situational context is also goals, plans, intentions and knowledge of the interlocutors. It is not always obvious, but the underlying "currents", such as thoughts and feelings of the opponent, it is extremely important for understanding the whole. For example, in discussions about the fate of the prisoners in a completely different behave the people with experience of prison or detention, and those who have been a victim of a crime.


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Other Sciences use it to Express relationships (sometimes quite remote) of certain events or phenomena. The context in the literature can be historical, artistic, ideological. No piece of art exists outside of time and space. Of course, the degree of accuracy of transmission of the completely different realities, depending on kind and genre. the word in contextHowever, in poetry and prose the atmosphere of the time, values, ideology is present. Bunin "Dark alleys" reproduce not only the pre-revolutionary Russia, but lives in exile in Paris. And in "War and peace" Tolstoy's historical and cultural context-is the tenth to twentieth years of the nineteenth century. Surrounded by certain concepts, allusions (a reference to some fact or thing is not named directly), the words take on new meaning. Symbols can be interpreted only in the macro-context it is - that is, the scale works, full of creativity of a writer, era, direction. Certain phenomena may be perceived in its entirety only in connection with the biography of the author or his ideology. For example, Voronezh context is to Osip Mandelstam, the place of exile, not by chance, and the associative array that is associated with this city, reminiscent of something grim, harsh: "Voronezh - Raven, knife." Only knowing the way of life of the poet, we can decipher the symbols. Any word in the context might be more portable or field value.

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